Take the 2-minute tour ×
Sports Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for participants in team and individual sport activities. It's 100% free, no registration required.

What do composite basketballs offer over leather basketballs? I notice the designs are slightly different, and composite basketballs would not have to be broken in and can maintain itself better than leather basketballs during a game.


In 2006, the NBA introduced a new composite (synthetic) basketball for use during the 2006-2007 NBA Season.

Composite Basketball

Midway through the 2006-2007 season, leather basketballs were reintroduced. Players were suffering from cuts on their hands due to composite basketballs.

Leather Basketball

share|improve this question
    
appeals to PETA/Vegans? –  wax eagle Oct 3 '12 at 16:53
    
@waxeagle nom nom nom –  edmastermind29 Oct 3 '12 at 17:02
    
The NBA reintroduced the ball because they were getting SUED!!!! –  user1704 Sep 4 '13 at 17:41

1 Answer 1

up vote 4 down vote accepted

One reason is cost. When you're having to produce so many basketballs, finding a cheaper way to do it would make sense.

From the eHow article on basketballs (emphasis mine):

Balls that are 100 percent genuine leather are the best ones available and are used in the NBA and WNBA. Leather balls develop a broken-in feel after repeated use. This type of leather basketball should only be used on indoor courts. It is also the most expensive type of ball to purchase because it is made of genuine leather.

Synthetic or composite leather is an artificial type of material that feels like leather but is cheaper to produce. The materials are also more versatile and can be used both indoors and outdoors. Synthetic leather doesn't need to be broken in as it already has that softer feeling to it.

From Wikipedia (emphasis mine):

Balls are generally designated for indoor (generally made of leather or absorbent composites), or all-surface use (generally made of rubber or durable composites, also known as Indoor/Outdoor balls). Indoor balls tend to be considerably more expensive than all-surface balls due to cost of materials.

Through these clips, we can also see that composite balls are more durable, especially for outdoor use, which really shouldn't matter in the NBA. Their longevity compared to leather balls would also help reduce costs since replacements wouldn't be needed as frequently.

Another reason is quality. Straight from NBA.com in 2006:

The material is a microfiber composite with moisture management that provides superior grip and feel throughout the course of a game. Additionally, the new composite material eliminates the need for a break-in period, which is necessary for the current leather ball, and achieves consistency from ball to ball.

The players disagreed with the first point made here, causing the league to revert back to leather balls. With how hard NBA players pass and shoot, it is possible that the "superior grip and feel" translated to a rougher ball that caused small cuts.

The consistency between balls without breaking them in is an improvement that theoretically would provide a more level playing field for teams. Having better consistency would reduce the number of variables that could impact game outcomes. This seems minor and relatively silly, but the league wants to ensure the only variables between games is how well a team plays; any reduction in variability outside of team skill would try to be controlled.

share|improve this answer
    
+1...now only if the officiating cleans up... –  edmastermind29 Oct 4 '12 at 13:13

protected by edmastermind29 Dec 7 '13 at 15:24

Thank you for your interest in this question. Because it has attracted low-quality answers, posting an answer now requires 10 reputation on this site.

Would you like to answer one of these unanswered questions instead?

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.