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When doing a penalty shootout, is it possible for the opposing team's goalkeeper to take a kick? I've never seen it happen, but it seems that since the goalie is part of the team, he/she should be able to take a kick.

Bonus: Has this ever happened?

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I do not know much about football but isn't there in English a word for "penalty" when they are used to decide a winner? In French there is the word "tirs au but" for that (and "penalty" is the same kick, but following a fault) –  WoJ Jul 7 at 10:30
    
In Hockey, it is called a "shootout" –  Imray Jul 7 at 11:14
    
@WoJ: It's known as a penalty shootout. –  Lightness Races in Orbit Jul 7 at 18:32
    
Just for fun, here's an incredible goal by the goalkeeper in normal game: youtube.com/watch?v=4u0tNcq3SGY –  gnasher729 Jul 7 at 23:19
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It's called "kicks from the penalty mark" in the rulebook, but everyone calls it a penalty shootout, because, let's face it - "kicks from the penalty mark" doesn't exactly roll off the tongue. –  studro Jul 7 at 23:31

6 Answers 6

up vote 18 down vote accepted

Yes, its allowed. Example, during the 2012 UEFA Champions League final, Manuel Neuer of Bayern Munich took a penalty against Chelsea, when the game went into penalties.

Please refer this wikipedia link.

Also, as posted in other answers, when a game is being decided by penalties, then all players must have taken one penalty each, before a player can take a second penalty. So, a goal keeper would have to take a penalty, before any other player gets a second chance.

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One other memorable example I can think of is the quarter-final between Portugal and England at Euro 2004. Portugal's goalkeeper Ricardo made a save with bare hands and went on to score the deciding penalty himself. –  Artyom Jul 7 at 7:54
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There have been very proficient free kick and penalty takers who are goalies, such as Rogerio Ceni, Jose Luis Chilavert or the already mentioned Hans-Jörg Butt. Chilavert was also a reliable scorer as an international for Paraguay. –  SBI Jul 7 at 9:27
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Wikipedia has a great article List of goalscoring goalkeepers. Top of the list is Rogério Ceni with a crazy 118 goals in his career (!), from penalties and free kicks mostly (all?) at club level, then José Luis Chilavert with the most international goals and who is the only keeper to score 3 in one game. –  user568458 Jul 8 at 11:21

The accepted answer is great but I might add that in kicks from the penalty mark to decide a winner, all players need to have taken a kick before a player may take a second kick.

This means that the goalkeeper not only can take a kick, but must take a kick before any of the other players take a second kick.

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Yes, but he should hurry back!

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sTZArM1pcCA

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Thanks for funny video, but the question is about penalty shootouts, not penalty kicks. –  default locale Jul 10 at 12:22
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I think the question has been materially altered since I answered. Also, it stands to reason that the rule would be the same for both kick and shootout. –  dmourati Jul 10 at 15:58

Of course it's legal and has happened many times other than the accepted answer's example. E.g José Luis Chilavert used to take penalties that were not even in penalty shoot-outs, as well as free kicks. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bGAwjTizCjE

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Yes, it is legal - and as someone already claimed, even required if all other players have taken theirs.

To give some examples: Manuel Neuer converted a penalty for Bayern Munich against Real Madrid (?) in the Champions League quite recently. There are also goalkeepers who take penalties during the game, such as Hans-Jörg Butt, who converted a penalty for Bayern in CL against Juventus. Bonus trivia: the score was 1-0 to Juventus before the penalty, which made it 1-1. Bayern went on to win 4-1.

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I believe it was against Chelsea, when Neuer did a PK. –  geoff Jul 6 at 20:10
    
That might be the case, yeah! As I understood it, he stepped up when most others didn't have the guts. The man has ice running through his veins! –  Qvist Jul 6 at 20:22

An better example than Manuel Neuer would be Jörg Butt:

"Known for taking penalty kicks, he scored 26 goals in the Bundesliga."

Source

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