For questions generally relating to the application of the rules of a sport and the making of judgement calls within the scope of the game by officials, referees or umpires. Questions should usually also be tagged with the specific sport in question.

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0
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0answers
10 views

Does Naseem Hamed violate the Marquess of Queensberry Rules in this video?

Rule four of the Marquess of Queensberry Rules: If either man fall through weakness or otherwise, he must get up unassisted, ten seconds be allowed to do so, the other man meanwhile to return to ...
11
votes
4answers
2k views

What happens if a suspended player is used in match and the referee didn't notice

If a player gets a 2 match suspension and the referee fails to observe that this is the case until half time and his team uses him during the suspension period what penalty do the rules allow for in ...
6
votes
4answers
956 views

Are there any sports other than American football that have a coach's challenge?

Are there any sports other than American football that have a coach's challenge? I would like to know if there is a sport other than American football that have a coach's challenge.
7
votes
1answer
64 views

Could an incorrect substitution result in a forfeit?

In a football match, one team said that they would replace player A with player B, but they actually replaced player C instead, and continued to play the game. Is it possible that this would result in ...
-2
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3answers
84 views

How do umpires make decisions without a third umpire?

I was shocked when I saw umpires making decisions for Run out/Stumped without a third umpire in classic matches. So how do umpires make these decisions without a third umpire?
3
votes
1answer
51 views

What is the original inspiration for the use of the blue card in the “Clericus Cup” football association?

The Clericus Cup is a football association of Roman Colleges and seminaries in and around Rome. This new "league" was stated in 2007 with the encouragement of the Vatican and Cardinal Bertone in ...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

Does the slow over rate rule apply only up to the start of the final over?

After the India vs Bangladesh match at the 2016 World T20, MS Dhoni, referring to the slow over rate rule, said I knew that once 20th over started, you can take as much time as possible, you ...
8
votes
1answer
96 views

Do offences that lead a to a penalty inside the penalty box always result in a red card?

I read somewhere that a red card should automatically be awarded if a defender hand balls the soccer ball in the penalty area. I do not know whether this is substantiated, it seems rather harsh if the ...
5
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2answers
70 views

How do you differentiate good sets from bad sets?

As a referee, How do you differentiate good sets from bad sets? I'm a beginner volleyball ref. One of my main challenges is identifying double hits. I scanned the USAV rules and didn't see anything ...
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0answers
35 views

What color shoes can USSF referee's wear?

It states in the 2014 ATR: 5.1 Officiating Team Uniforms .... Black shoes are preferred but referees can wear any color shoes so long as they are appropriate to perform the duties required ...
3
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2answers
138 views

What are the powers of referee in a football match?

What are the powers and duties of a referee in a football match(defined in the football laws)?
8
votes
1answer
78 views

Can a runner achieve a first down when offensive holding is called down field?

Say it's 2nd and 5 at Team A's own 25 yard line and a runner makes of gain of 10 yards to the 35 yard line. What happens if offensive holding is called down field at Team A's 35 yard line? Offensive ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Reaching Violation VS. Charging Violation

Last night I was playing in a league basketball game, and barely managed to evade fouling out from reaching. However, I am not sure whether or not I was reaching, or if the referee had the rules ...
2
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1answer
72 views

Hockey offsides: reconciling the definition of the zone with the tagging up rule

When a player is offsides in ice hockey, they can tag up by skating back to the blue line and having at least one skate in contact with the blue line, and then return back into the zone to continue ...
-2
votes
1answer
102 views

How much are Cricket Umpires paid in India starting from Club level to Ranji, Duleep trophy, etc.? [duplicate]

EDIT: The question What is the procedure to become a Cricket Umpire? does not answer my question. It does not address the TIME required for an umpire required to reach national level from local level. ...
1
vote
3answers
64 views

Differences between referees and assistant referees

Some questions about referees and assistant referees: I assume there's a difference in knowledge / experience between these, correct? I.e. it's not just rolling a dice to decide which one is a ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Interchangeability of referees and assistant referees

Some questions about interchangeability of referees and assistant referees: Are referees exclusively referees and assistant referees exclusively assistant referees? Can assistant referees officiate ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Why Umpire David Shepherd lifted one foot off the ground at nelson?

Beloved David Shepherd lifted one foot off the ground whenever the score reached 111 (or 222, 333 etc). I mean nelson is supposed to be bad omen for batsman so why He as an Umpire used to do that in a ...
3
votes
2answers
65 views

Foul after a goal

What if, in soccer, right after the attacking team scores a goal, the defending team makes a foul? Say, it was a corner, and the ball already crossed the line, and then a defending player ...
0
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2answers
39 views

How to become a cricket umpire for icc? [duplicate]

I like cricket very much, is there a way to take umpire as carrier? If so what should i do?
0
votes
2answers
71 views

Soccer Goal Uncertanty by Referee

If a referee isn't sure about a goal, the teams are arguing, and there is no goal-line technology, what should the referee do?
6
votes
1answer
144 views

In a video challenge in volleyball, does the challenging team have to specify the challenged fault?

Assume the following situation: In a high-class (high enough for a video challenge system being in place) volleyball game an attack hit goes out of bounds and the referee assigns the point to the ...
3
votes
1answer
116 views

Player looses boot after tackle

We had an incident during a recent game where a player was tackled causing him to loose his boot. The referee deemed the tackle fair and failed to award a free kick. Our player indicated to the ...
2
votes
2answers
100 views

Half time duration

I have read through the FIFA laws of the game and can see that the half time interval says: Half-time interval Players are entitled to an interval at half-time. The half-time interval must not exceed ...
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votes
2answers
72 views

Running Head Start Offsides American Football

Is it offsides in American football to have one person start 20 yards behind the line of scrimmage and start running, having the ball snapped just before he crosses the line to give him a running head ...
6
votes
2answers
167 views

Is this an Offside according to FIFA rules?

I was looking at fifa offside rules which are here. In the slide/page 26 it explains about a NO offside scenario like this Do I need to consider that direction of the pass which in this case is ...
5
votes
1answer
85 views

What happens if the third umpire is unable to come to a firm conclusion?

There are times when the third umpire is unable to come to a firm conclusion about a decision, even after the use of multiple replays, hotspot, etc. What should happen in this case?
2
votes
2answers
84 views

2 runners on base, lead runner misses a base and both runs score, correct ruling?

Runner on first and second, ball is hit to outfield, both the runner on first and second score on the outfield hit. The runner who was on second, misses touching third base, and scores, followed by ...
2
votes
2answers
337 views

Player leaving the game field

What should the referee do if a player of a team leaves the game field and doesn't come back until the end of the game? The player just left without asking the referee.
4
votes
4answers
972 views

What happens if a team walks off the field in soccer?

On the weekend an altercation between a referee and a play led to their team leaving the pitch. 21 minutes into the game our team was up 1-0 when allegedly the referee said to a player that he was a ...
3
votes
1answer
197 views

Are World Cup refs all the same gender as the teams?

I am watching the Women's soccer/football World Cup. So far, all the refs I have seen have been women. Now that I think about it, during the men's World Cup I only saw men as refs. Is this in fact ...
3
votes
1answer
376 views

Offensive Player Injured on Foul

Watching the NBA Finals game 4 last night, LeBron was injured on a shooting attempt where he was fouled. The announcers said that if he didn't shoot the free throws, that he would not be able to come ...
4
votes
1answer
530 views

What determines if a hand pass is legal in the NHL?

What are the conditions that make a hand pass legal or illegal? I have seen players swat the puck to a teammate and not get whistled for the a hand pass and I have see players get whistled for what ...
4
votes
1answer
80 views

Coach throws the ball against the referee

What should the referee do if a coach, during the game, throws the ball such that it hits the referee?
8
votes
1answer
124 views

Does the precision of NBA timekeeping go beyond tenths of a second?

As NBA viewers, we see that they keep time up to tenths of a second. But officially do they keep track of time to hundredths (or perhaps even thousandths) of a second? Here's an example. Say there ...
5
votes
3answers
115 views

How to become a football referee?

I've recently been ruled out of football because of injury problems (though I am still fit and able to run, just need to avoid contact sports) but still want to get involved, which got me thinking - ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

What is Umpire's Call in a DRS review? [duplicate]

This question is particularly about "Umpire's Call". The linked question doesn't provide any information about umpire call. When a decision is reviewed in the Decision Review System (DRS) we can ...
4
votes
1answer
416 views

In cricket, in UDRS screen, if the ball hits the wicket, then why is not out still given?

In cricket, in UDRS screen, if the ball hits the wicket, then why is not out still given? I saw this situation so many times happened; bowler appealed for UDRS for LBW, in UDRS it shows ball hits the ...
4
votes
2answers
419 views

Do basketball referees sometimes try to save players from fouling out?

While watching American college basketball games or NBA games, I'll often see players drive to the basket and get fouled. When this happens in the second half of a game, I frequently hear the ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Lack of AR1 during post-game ceremonials in UEFA Champions League

I might just be crazy (If I am please let me know) but I have noticed in both of the UEFA Champions League games played today you see AR1 (It is an Assistant Referee so I am assuming that it is AR1 ...
3
votes
3answers
184 views

Scoring runs in a single ball

If a batsman hits a ball and the players keep running after 4 runs scored still the ball not reached the boundary. No over throw is considered. Whether all the runs will be included in batsman ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Free throw rules

Scenario: High School Girls basketball game. Foul happens, 10th foul for the team that fouled. Double bonus for other team. First shot is missed. Shooting team rebounds shoots and makes the basket. ...
7
votes
1answer
119 views

Why have the number of power play opportunities steadily decreased since the 2005-2006 NHL season?

According to NHL stats found here, the number of total power play opportunities went from: 14,390 during the 2005-2006 season to 10,227 during the 2008-2009 season to 8,055 during the 2013-2014 ...
2
votes
2answers
6k views

What is meant by “ineligible receiver downfield?”

In (American) football, only the running backs and ends (but not offensive linemen) are supposed to (try to) catch passes. Because of that fact, an offensive team can be penalized if its linemen are ...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

Placing a base runner on the wrong base after a mound visit

Situation: There is a runner on first base and the defense decides to have a mound visit or change their pitcher. The offensive players group up to talk about strategy and the coach tells the player ...
2
votes
1answer
168 views

Consequences if player(s) argue(s) with referee

In my recent question, I received the answer to whether a 1-point penalty was actually applied in official rules. Philip Kendall provided that it was considered impolite conduct and the offending team ...
1
vote
2answers
96 views

Consequences if an official interferes with play?

I've seen this happen quite a few times in the 2014 FIFA World Cup - the referee accidentally trips or bumps into a player but nothing is called. An example of this is US vs Belgium. The referee ...
-2
votes
1answer
177 views

what is procedure to become a cricket umpire in state level? [duplicate]

I want to know what's the procedure to become a state level Cricket Umpire? please explain starting from the grass root Steps.
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Should a re-serve be called if Referee and Line Judge disagree?

It was the last game of a volleyball tournament when a serve hit the baseline of the opponent's court - as to me it seemed. From the referee's perch, she instantly called it out. But then the line ...
5
votes
2answers
82 views

How are referees so good at spotting penalties in real time?

I'm thinking about american football in particular, but this question could be applicable to other sports. When I'm watching a game on TV I've noticed the referees are typically very good about ...