For questions generally relating to the application of the rules of a sport and the making of judgement calls within the scope of the game by officials, referees or umpires. Questions should usually also be tagged with the specific sport in question.

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1
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1answer
36 views

Lack of AR1 during post-game ceremonials in UEFA Champions League

I might just be crazy (If I am please let me know) but I have noticed in both of the UEFA Champions League games played today you see AR1 (It is an Assistant Referee so I am assuming that it is AR1 ...
2
votes
2answers
73 views

Scoring runs in a single ball

If a batsman hits a ball and the players keep running after 4 runs scored still the ball not reached the boundary. No over throw is considered. Whether all the runs will be included in batsman ...
1
vote
2answers
58 views

Free throw rules

Scenario: High School Girls basketball game. Foul happens, 10th foul for the team that fouled. Double bonus for other team. First shot is missed. Shooting team rebounds shoots and makes the basket. ...
-2
votes
0answers
50 views

Explanation of Controversial Offside and False9 [duplicate]

So many love football but all don't know the conventional offside I have referred so many website to find out the correct description but I can't find one. Offside Also explain about with proper ...
6
votes
1answer
62 views

Why have the number of power play opportunities steadily decreased since the 2005-2006 NHL season?

According to NHL stats found here, the number of total power play opportunities went from: 14,390 during the 2005-2006 season to 10,227 during the 2008-2009 season to 8,055 during the 2013-2014 ...
2
votes
2answers
393 views

What is meant by “ineligible receiver downfield?”

In (American) football, only the running backs and ends (but not offensive linemen) are supposed to (try to) catch passes. Because of that fact, an offensive team can be penalized if its linemen are ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Placing a base runner on the wrong base after a mound visit

Situation: There is a runner on first base and the defense decides to have a mound visit or change their pitcher. The offensive players group up to talk about strategy and the coach tells the player ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Consequences if player(s) argue(s) with referee

In my recent question, I received the answer to whether a 1-point penalty was actually applied in official rules. Philip Kendall provided that it was considered impolite conduct and the offending team ...
0
votes
2answers
69 views

Consequences if an official interferes with play?

I've seen this happen quite a few times in the 2014 FIFA World Cup - the referee accidentally trips or bumps into a player but nothing is called. An example of this is US vs Belgium. The referee ...
-2
votes
1answer
74 views

what is procedure to become a cricket umpire in state level? [duplicate]

I want to know what's the procedure to become a state level Cricket Umpire? please explain starting from the grass root Steps.
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Should a re-serve be called if Referee and Line Judge disagree?

It was the last game of a volleyball tournament when a serve hit the baseline of the opponent's court - as to me it seemed. From the referee's perch, she instantly called it out. But then the line ...
4
votes
2answers
69 views

How are referees so good at spotting penalties in real time?

I'm thinking about american football in particular, but this question could be applicable to other sports. When I'm watching a game on TV I've noticed the referees are typically very good about ...
1
vote
2answers
100 views

How Does the 2005 Offside Rule Amendment by FIFA Stretch the Game?

Here are a couple of reference for the background on the topic http://www.theguardian.com/sport/blog/2010/apr/13/the-question-why-is-offside-law-genius and the book ''Inverting the Pyramid'' Chapter ...
1
vote
3answers
143 views

Position of the Defense in Soccer Offside

Trying to learn the Offside rule. From what I gather Offside is when an offensive player gets behind the defense and takes a pass from another player. So, why doesn't the defense just stop around ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Can all penalties be declined in American Football?

I saw some highlights from an NFL game the other day (I think it was Detroit's 22-21 comeback win against Atlanta) and the presenter said they won the game with a field goal. Their first attempt at ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

Are you allowed unlimited challenges in a hockey game?

In hockey, they often challenge penalty calls, goals, etc. Sometimes a goal is called back, sometimes it's awarded. Are you allowed to challenge everything? Why don't they often challenge offside ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Can a pitcher throw a strike during an intentional walk?

Intentional Walk I know that there have been times where a pitcher has thrown a ball over the plate enough for a hitter to get a hit, and even hit a home run in some cases. My question is more along ...
4
votes
1answer
119 views

Linesman puts finger in the air after deking a face off

I was watching the LA Kings vs San Jose Sharks game tonight and saw something I hadn't see or realized before. There was a face-off in one of the defensive zones. The referee fake the puck drop and ...
5
votes
1answer
126 views

Why couldn't the referees cancel the timeout in the Jets game?

In this week's Jets-Packers game, the wrong person called a timeout from the sidelines (only the head coach is allowed). The referees played correctly, watching the field instead of who is calling ...
3
votes
2answers
92 views

Baseball runner called out but still runs like he was safe drawing a throw allowing another runner to advance

Here is the situation. Runners at first and second nobody out. Grounder to second throws out the runner going to second. Called out clearly by the umpire. The relay to first for the double play is ...
5
votes
1answer
97 views

Where should the play restart from an offside?

I got my referee license yesterday, and am wondering where the restart should be for an offside offense? One instructor told me the second to last defender, while another told me where the attacker ...
1
vote
2answers
124 views

Is considered a bouncer if a batsman hits it?

Suppose a bowler bowls a shoulder height ball at the batsman and the batsman hits a four or gets out. Can the ball be called as a bouncer?
3
votes
2answers
377 views

Ball tampering in cricket

What is "ball tampering" in cricket? How can we say ball is tampered? Any punishments for tampering? Can somebody list the name of players who were punished?
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Where does the assistant referee have to watch to realize offside in soccer?

How is it possible for the assistant referee to realize when a player is offside or not? If the assistant referee is in line with the last forward how can he see when the ball leaves the other player ...
4
votes
1answer
187 views

What medal did the referee in the FIFA world cup get?

The referee, Nicola Rizzoli, seemed to have received a medal in yesterday's finale. What kind of medal is this?
3
votes
2answers
148 views

Can a batsman be run out after the ball is dead?

Can a batsman be run out after an umpire signals over? My friend was batting outside the crease, and the ball went to a fielder. He was not taking a run. The umpire called Over and my friend went to ...
4
votes
1answer
205 views

Calculation of runs after the umpire decision gets reviewed

During the last match between Sri Lanka and South Africa. Jayawardane was given out as LBW and the ball went for boundary after got hit the pads. The batsman reviewed it. The decision was reversed, ...
16
votes
1answer
622 views

What is the stuff referees spray on the ground in Football matches?

During the World Cup, the referees sprayed something on the ground. It looked like it was white paint, but it was foamy. It was right before a free-kick on goal. What was the stuff they sprayed on ...
2
votes
1answer
178 views

Bad light issue in ODI Cricket

We know that the bad-light issue in cricket is always happening in test matches to finish that day's game. Since, the traditional cherry or the red leather ball is harder to pick under lights. But, ...
3
votes
2answers
375 views

What language does referee use to communicate with soccer player? [duplicate]

What language does a referee has to use to communicate with players in those different situations: FIFA matches UEFA matches National league matches In all this case it is possible to have players ...
8
votes
2answers
201 views

Change of strike in case of batsman is bowled?

Our bowler banged it in short of length, in line with the off stump, and the batsman swings across the line sending the ball straight up over the pitch. Both batsmen immediately set off for the run ...
0
votes
2answers
128 views

What will happen if an umpire get injured in a cricket match?

If a player gets injured in a match, there are substitutes to replace. What about umpires? I saw a news in BBC site dated 5 July 2009 that, An old umpire of aged 72 got died after being hit on ...
6
votes
2answers
861 views

Player throwing himself into another running player's way

Alternative title: Please explain why the situation leading to Antonio Valencia's red card was not also a foul on Lucas Digne's part. In yesterday's match Ecuador - France, around the 49th minute a ...
4
votes
1answer
155 views

Should a roller derby skater receive a penalty for removing their mouthguard on track between jams?

I've received conflicting advice from various Head Referees concerning whether I should give a skater an Equipment Violation penalty for removing their mouthguard in a valid Pre-Jam Position (see ...
3
votes
3answers
508 views

End of the game: does the referee have to wait for the end of an action to blow the final whistle or can they do it whenever they want?

I was watching today's World Cup game between France and Switzerland. At the end of the game the referee blew the final whistle while the French team was attacking and right after a French player ...
7
votes
1answer
722 views

Is there any goal keeper who received red card in FIFA World cup?

I heard that the referee can give red card even for goal-keepers in football. Is there any goal-keepers who received red card in FIFA world cup matches? If yes, please provide the details.
3
votes
2answers
125 views

What guidelines would a World Cup official follow when deciding whether to book a player for hitting another when contesting a ball in the air?

During the U.S.'s World Cup match against Ghana today, I was surprised to see that the player who kicked Clint Dempsey in the face while contesting a ball in the air wasn't booked. I've seen bookings ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Who decides the venue for ODI matches?

Who decides the match venue of One Day International cricket matches: ICC or the Country cricket boards?
5
votes
1answer
257 views

How detailed is penalty kick encroachment in football

The laws of the game prohibit encroaching on a penalty kick whether it is an attacking player or defending player. The keeper is supposed to remain on the line until the kick is taken but in practice ...
3
votes
1answer
59 views

Where is the lower limit for a (baseball) strike?

Yesterday, watching the Pirates-Mets game, I saw the Pirates' Andrew McCutchen called out on a third strike. The pitched ball was clearly over the plate, but "low." IMHO, it should, or at least could, ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

In IPL match MI vs RR - who would enter into the playoff in case of “no ball”

During the IPL7 last league match between MI vs RR, the scores were leveled at 189. Had the bowler bowled a no ball who would enter into the playoff, MI or RR?
2
votes
1answer
183 views

Who will enter into the final in case of rain in first qualifier?

What happens if it rains in the first qualifier in IPL 2014 match between KKR and KXIP? Who will enter into the final? On what basis?
1
vote
1answer
104 views

Why did Mumbai Indians get an extra delivery to win with a better run rate?

In the final league match of IPL 2014 between Mumbai Indians and Rajasthan Royals, Mumbai needed to win the match in 14.3 overs (87 balls). However, after 14.3 overs Mumbai could managed to tie the ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

When was the third-umpire review system entered in cricket?

When was the third umpire review system(not DRS) entered in cricket?
7
votes
3answers
6k views

How does the referee communicate with players in football(soccer) matches, when they are from different countries?

I always see in TV referees communicating with the players in international football matches(both club and national competitions). It seems to be universal: not only in European matches, but also in ...
2
votes
4answers
255 views

Run out rules in cricket if one player doesn't run

Suppose A plays the ball and doesn't run out of his crease, but B runs and reaches A's crease and then the ball hits the stumps at B's crease. Who is considered out or can either one sacrifice his ...
3
votes
1answer
289 views

Rugby Union referee yells something like, ~“Use-Its”~?

Or something that sounds like that. A side has retained control of the ball after a ruck, and the ball is just laying there on the ground and the player is hunched over with his hands on the ball ...
6
votes
2answers
11k views

How much does a referee/umpire earn in a year?

Is it possible to create a draw with the earning of the referee in the most important sports in Europe (Soccer/Basketball/Volleyball/Tennis/Cricket etc.)?
3
votes
1answer
610 views

How much time hold Cricket if Match delayed from Rain?

I am really very confuse, How much to wait if Match delayed from Rain? If rain delay game from first inning? if rain delay game from second inning? What is the procedure 20/20 over, one day and ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Does a ball count if it hits an umpire?

What happens in a scenario where the batsman plays a shot down the ground and it hits the umpire? Isn't it unfair to the batsman to lose a certain boundary had there been one? Does the ball count as a ...