For questions generally relating to the application of the rules of a sport and the making of judgement calls within the scope of the game by officials, referees or umpires. Questions should usually also be tagged with the specific sport in question.

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0
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1answer
16 views

What's challenging?

How does "challenging" work? On close line calls, sometimes there is a graphic showing whether the shuttle was in or out, but other times players just discuss with the umpire, and the match goes on. ...
0
votes
1answer
9 views

What are the roles of the various officials?

At a Badminton tournament, a lot of different officials can be seen: There are obviously line judges and umpires, but from time to time we also see other technical officials coming on court. What do ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Meaning of penalty cards

At the 2016 All-England finals, Wang Shixian was shown a yellow and a red card. This Guardian article even has a picture of a black card. What do these cards mean, and when are they typically shown?
4
votes
1answer
37 views

Has this line judge made an obvious mistake?

Watching the recent Uber cup, I noticed that the line judge on the right is extending his arm (the sign for In), although the shuttle was out by quite a bit. Luckily, the line judge at the top is ...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

Has an ejection ever been reversed?

Most times when a player is ejected from the game by an ump, they attempt to argue their case. Has this ever lead to an ejection being reversed?
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Volleyball - Is this reaching over the net?

This is a follow-up question to the "In volleyball when is it considered reading over the net" question posted a few years ago. Subject of this question, is the accompanying play starting at time ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

What can teams do when umpire has inconsistent strike zone?

I was watching a game between the Blue Jays and the Rangers yesterday several times the ball was clearly in the strike zone and balls were called and vice versa. The Blue Jays coach was furious and ...
3
votes
3answers
87 views

Should this goal have been ruled offside?

Should this goal have been ruled offside? For what it's worth, it was called offside by the referee.
5
votes
1answer
85 views

What is the shield-like gear the umpires are wearing at the IPL?

The umpires in this(2016) IPL are wearing a shield like gear on their hands. What is it called? I have read from a couple of articles that it is for deflecting the ball, thus protecting themselves. ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Does Naseem Hamed violate the Marquess of Queensberry Rules in this video?

Rule four of the Marquess of Queensberry Rules: If either man fall through weakness or otherwise, he must get up unassisted, ten seconds be allowed to do so, the other man meanwhile to return to ...
11
votes
4answers
2k views

What happens if a suspended player is used in match and the referee didn't notice

If a player gets a 2 match suspension and the referee fails to observe that this is the case until half time and his team uses him during the suspension period what penalty do the rules allow for in ...
6
votes
4answers
967 views

Are there any sports other than American football that have a coach's challenge?

Are there any sports other than American football that have a coach's challenge? I would like to know if there is a sport other than American football that have a coach's challenge.
7
votes
1answer
67 views

Could an incorrect substitution result in a forfeit?

In a football match, one team said that they would replace player A with player B, but they actually replaced player C instead, and continued to play the game. Is it possible that this would result in ...
-2
votes
3answers
88 views

How do umpires make decisions without a third umpire?

I was shocked when I saw umpires making decisions for Run out/Stumped without a third umpire in classic matches. So how do umpires make these decisions without a third umpire?
3
votes
1answer
55 views

What is the original inspiration for the use of the blue card in the “Clericus Cup” football association?

The Clericus Cup is a football association of Roman Colleges and seminaries in and around Rome. This new "league" was stated in 2007 with the encouragement of the Vatican and Cardinal Bertone in ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

Does the slow over rate rule apply only up to the start of the final over?

After the India vs Bangladesh match at the 2016 World T20, MS Dhoni, referring to the slow over rate rule, said I knew that once 20th over started, you can take as much time as possible, you ...
8
votes
1answer
108 views

Do offences that lead a to a penalty inside the penalty box always result in a red card?

I read somewhere that a red card should automatically be awarded if a defender hand balls the soccer ball in the penalty area. I do not know whether this is substantiated, it seems rather harsh if the ...
6
votes
2answers
74 views

How do you differentiate good sets from bad sets?

As a referee, How do you differentiate good sets from bad sets? I'm a beginner volleyball ref. One of my main challenges is identifying double hits. I scanned the USAV rules and didn't see anything ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

What color shoes can USSF referee's wear?

It states in the 2014 ATR: 5.1 Officiating Team Uniforms .... Black shoes are preferred but referees can wear any color shoes so long as they are appropriate to perform the duties required ...
3
votes
2answers
155 views

What are the powers of referee in a football match?

What are the powers and duties of a referee in a football match(defined in the football laws)?
8
votes
1answer
90 views

Can a runner achieve a first down when offensive holding is called down field?

Say it's 2nd and 5 at Team A's own 25 yard line and a runner makes of gain of 10 yards to the 35 yard line. What happens if offensive holding is called down field at Team A's 35 yard line? Offensive ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Reaching Violation VS. Charging Violation

Last night I was playing in a league basketball game, and barely managed to evade fouling out from reaching. However, I am not sure whether or not I was reaching, or if the referee had the rules ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

Hockey offsides: reconciling the definition of the zone with the tagging up rule

When a player is offsides in ice hockey, they can tag up by skating back to the blue line and having at least one skate in contact with the blue line, and then return back into the zone to continue ...
-2
votes
1answer
131 views

How much are Cricket Umpires paid in India starting from Club level to Ranji, Duleep trophy, etc.? [duplicate]

EDIT: The question What is the procedure to become a Cricket Umpire? does not answer my question. It does not address the TIME required for an umpire required to reach national level from local level. ...
1
vote
3answers
66 views

Differences between referees and assistant referees

Some questions about referees and assistant referees: I assume there's a difference in knowledge / experience between these, correct? I.e. it's not just rolling a dice to decide which one is a ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Interchangeability of referees and assistant referees

Some questions about interchangeability of referees and assistant referees: Are referees exclusively referees and assistant referees exclusively assistant referees? Can assistant referees officiate ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Why Umpire David Shepherd lifted one foot off the ground at nelson?

Beloved David Shepherd lifted one foot off the ground whenever the score reached 111 (or 222, 333 etc). I mean nelson is supposed to be bad omen for batsman so why He as an Umpire used to do that in a ...
3
votes
2answers
70 views

Foul after a goal

What if, in soccer, right after the attacking team scores a goal, the defending team makes a foul? Say, it was a corner, and the ball already crossed the line, and then a defending player ...
0
votes
2answers
44 views

How to become a cricket umpire for icc? [duplicate]

I like cricket very much, is there a way to take umpire as carrier? If so what should i do?
0
votes
2answers
73 views

Soccer Goal Uncertanty by Referee

If a referee isn't sure about a goal, the teams are arguing, and there is no goal-line technology, what should the referee do?
6
votes
1answer
234 views

In a video challenge in volleyball, does the challenging team have to specify the challenged fault?

Assume the following situation: In a high-class (high enough for a video challenge system being in place) volleyball game an attack hit goes out of bounds and the referee assigns the point to the ...
3
votes
1answer
122 views

Player looses boot after tackle

We had an incident during a recent game where a player was tackled causing him to loose his boot. The referee deemed the tackle fair and failed to award a free kick. Our player indicated to the ...
2
votes
2answers
107 views

Half time duration

I have read through the FIFA laws of the game and can see that the half time interval says: Half-time interval Players are entitled to an interval at half-time. The half-time interval must not exceed ...
-1
votes
2answers
73 views

Running Head Start Offsides American Football

Is it offsides in American football to have one person start 20 yards behind the line of scrimmage and start running, having the ball snapped just before he crosses the line to give him a running head ...
6
votes
2answers
172 views

Is this an Offside according to FIFA rules?

I was looking at fifa offside rules which are here. In the slide/page 26 it explains about a NO offside scenario like this Do I need to consider that direction of the pass which in this case is ...
5
votes
1answer
86 views

What happens if the third umpire is unable to come to a firm conclusion?

There are times when the third umpire is unable to come to a firm conclusion about a decision, even after the use of multiple replays, hotspot, etc. What should happen in this case?
2
votes
2answers
104 views

2 runners on base, lead runner misses a base and both runs score, correct ruling?

Runner on first and second, ball is hit to outfield, both the runner on first and second score on the outfield hit. The runner who was on second, misses touching third base, and scores, followed by ...
2
votes
2answers
372 views

Player leaving the game field

What should the referee do if a player of a team leaves the game field and doesn't come back until the end of the game? The player just left without asking the referee.
5
votes
4answers
1k views

What happens if a team walks off the field in soccer?

On the weekend an altercation between a referee and a play led to their team leaving the pitch. 21 minutes into the game our team was up 1-0 when allegedly the referee said to a player that he was a ...
3
votes
1answer
197 views

Are World Cup refs all the same gender as the teams?

I am watching the Women's soccer/football World Cup. So far, all the refs I have seen have been women. Now that I think about it, during the men's World Cup I only saw men as refs. Is this in fact ...
3
votes
1answer
435 views

Offensive Player Injured on Foul

Watching the NBA Finals game 4 last night, LeBron was injured on a shooting attempt where he was fouled. The announcers said that if he didn't shoot the free throws, that he would not be able to come ...
4
votes
1answer
635 views

What determines if a hand pass is legal in the NHL?

What are the conditions that make a hand pass legal or illegal? I have seen players swat the puck to a teammate and not get whistled for the a hand pass and I have see players get whistled for what ...
4
votes
1answer
81 views

Coach throws the ball against the referee

What should the referee do if a coach, during the game, throws the ball such that it hits the referee?
8
votes
1answer
130 views

Does the precision of NBA timekeeping go beyond tenths of a second?

As NBA viewers, we see that they keep time up to tenths of a second. But officially do they keep track of time to hundredths (or perhaps even thousandths) of a second? Here's an example. Say there ...
6
votes
3answers
121 views

How to become a football referee?

I've recently been ruled out of football because of injury problems (though I am still fit and able to run, just need to avoid contact sports) but still want to get involved, which got me thinking - ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

What is Umpire's Call in a DRS review? [duplicate]

This question is particularly about "Umpire's Call". The linked question doesn't provide any information about umpire call. When a decision is reviewed in the Decision Review System (DRS) we can ...
4
votes
1answer
429 views

In cricket, in UDRS screen, if the ball hits the wicket, then why is not out still given?

In cricket, in UDRS screen, if the ball hits the wicket, then why is not out still given? I saw this situation so many times happened; bowler appealed for UDRS for LBW, in UDRS it shows ball hits the ...
4
votes
2answers
441 views

Do basketball referees sometimes try to save players from fouling out?

While watching American college basketball games or NBA games, I'll often see players drive to the basket and get fouled. When this happens in the second half of a game, I frequently hear the ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

Lack of AR1 during post-game ceremonials in UEFA Champions League

I might just be crazy (If I am please let me know) but I have noticed in both of the UEFA Champions League games played today you see AR1 (It is an Assistant Referee so I am assuming that it is AR1 ...
3
votes
3answers
185 views

Scoring runs in a single ball

If a batsman hits a ball and the players keep running after 4 runs scored still the ball not reached the boundary. No over throw is considered. Whether all the runs will be included in batsman ...