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20

The FIFA Rules of the Game published for the 2011-2012 season make the following rules applicable for the captain; The referee tosses a coin and the team whose captain wins the toss decides whether to take the fi rst or the second kick [In the event of a penalty shootout...] If one team has a greater number of players than its opponents, it must reduce its ...


15

I'm not posting this as an answer to rival the others as I feel they are excellent answers. However, this is pertinent to the question, it's interesting and it is going to be longer than a comment. Why it's better to be the home team I've read a number of articles over the years about how playing an away game can be a considerable disadvantage above the ...


15

Being extremely interested in this myself, I used data taken from the English 2010-2011 season in the Premier League, Championship and divisions 1 and 2, to compile the following statistics; Division | # of Games | % Home Wins | % Away Wins | % Draws | # Home Wins | # Away Wins | # Draws | Premier League | 380 | 47.1 | 23.7 | ...


15

There have been quite a few studies in football/soccer discussing home field advantage. In blog post titled "Home Field Advantage: What You See Depends On Where You Look (And What You Make Of Draws)", Chris Anderson writes about a book discussing home field advantage in football: In these chapters, Moskowitz and Wertheim first document that the home ...


15

I can think of three key factors that are quite logical conjectures. The crowd is more than likely cheering for them, and cheering against their opponent. It gets very loud on the pitch and very hard to concentrate. For example in American football, the guard often has to signal the center to snap because the center can't hear the quarterback because it's ...


15

It would certainly be allowed, but it would likely be a failed strategy in soccer. In professional soccer, you only get 3 substitutes per game. If you burn one on pulling out your keeper, then if you accomplish your goal and tie the score, if you go to overtime, you're stuck with no keeper on the field. So subbing in a field player for a keeper is ...


14

I came across many articles with summaries of studies that indicate that referee bias does in fact exist across many sports. In "Basketball: Bias Refs (full article)," the blurb states: The study found that the probability of a foul call being against a visiting team was seven percent higher than calls against the home team. They also noted when the ...


12

In addition to the FIFA Laws of the Game rules that Matt outlines in his excellent answer, continental and national associations may have slightly different or supplementary rules for captains, although national associations tend to be in line with the continental association they belong to. In any case, captains are expected to be exemplars of on field ...


11

The captain and (during his absence on ice) alternate captains (not “assistant”) are players designated to be the point of contact between the referee and the team. Only these players are allowed to discuss with the Referee any questions relating to the interpretation of rules. This privilege applies only to the respective captain/alternate captain who is ...


11

I have been in what appears to be this exact same situation (captaining a social indoor cricket team). There is no single right answer, but here are some ideas that appeared to work. First, clarify your approach upfront, before you form the team or enter it into the competition. If you said you'd share the games around, then you should stick with that, I ...


9

So I had to dig up a bit on the regulations regarding the whole thing. So apparently while Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland and Englad being different countries, they are under the same international identity in the form of British passports. So that fact, together with the fact that there is no national team for the UK, means that any British citizen can ...


9

In both the NFL and NCAA, there are official capacities that the captain must fulfill. Only one designated captain (at a time) is permitted to communicate the teams official decision of a penalty (to accept or decline) to the referee, and there are rules about how you can change captains. NFL: Rule 18 Guidelines for Captains Article 1 * One hour and ...


7

The lottery system makes it very difficult to effectively tank your season in the NBA. Basically no matter how bad you are, there is always a chance that you will not get one of the top 3 picks (in fact, the worst team in the league has rarely been awarded the top draft pick). Here are the odds that the worst team in the NBA gets a pick at or better than ...


7

You don't see this in soccer. If a team is desperate to score a goal, the goalie comes out of his net and plays in the middle or front. For example when there is a corner kick, the goalie could go all the way the the opposite box to score. However, in indoor soccer this happens often. The goalie comes out at the end of the game replaced by an attacker. But ...


7

As has been noted, keepers do sometimes come up to act as an attacker during the game, though they are never really subbed out for another attacking player. A couple things to keep in mind from The Laws of the Game: http://www.fifa.com/mm/document/affederation/generic/81/42/36/lawsofthegame_2010_11_e.pdf Players Page 15: "A match is played by two teams, ...


6

The captain can be changed at any time during any game, provided he/she is one of the playing eleven (not a substitute player). The law doesn't recognise "farewell matches", so that is immaterial. Dhoni could have made Mohammad Shami the captain if he wanted to. Quoting: Law 1 (The players): 3. Captain If at any time the captain is not available, ...


5

While team captains have been elected by their clubs throughout the history of football, the team captain was only an official part of the NFL starting in 2007. Their role on the field is not anything more than representing the team during the coin toss. If they are on the field during a penalty, they are typically the one who communicates with the ...


5

German isn't really a signicant language in Belgium. All players will speak either French pr Dutch. English is increasingly becoming an unifying language in the country as the Dutch of Wallonians is virtually non existent and despite some knowledge of French being widespread in Flanders it tends to be weaker than their English ability. I somehow doubt ...


5

Yes, it does happen, although not very often. Goal difference can be important at the end of the season, so if your team was losing in a regular game, there's no point going all out to tie when the risk of conceding a goal is very high without a goalie in the net. On the other hand, during cup matches where a team is about to be put out unless they score a ...


4

Each team must have either 1 Captain and 2 Assistant Captains OR 3 Assistant Captains (One extra Assistant Captain to make up for the vacancy of the Captain's spot.) The role of the players with the "Letters" on their sweater is to get information from the referee. When a penalty is called, usually the Captain of each team meets with the referee in ...


4

I realize your question isn't about ice hockey, but there is one advantage in the rules that the home team gets in the NHL. The home team gets "last change". This means that, on a faceoff, for instance, when both teams are changing, the visiting team has to make their line change before the home team does. This gives the home team the ability to tailor ...


4

I'm not familiar enough with Cricket to offer a specific, concrete solution. However, in games like softball or soccer, it's not at all uncommon to have people split their time in the game. So, person A plays the first half of the game while person B plays the second half. In the case of soccer, it may be delineated by periods, while in softball it may be ...


4

Teams may also find it smart to tank in order to avoid playoff mediocrity. There is very little point for a team with subpar talent to make a low seed, only to get a first round exit. The only reason they would want to do this is if they already have solid, young players (see Oklahoma City Thunder 2009-2010), and they want them to gain some experience. On ...


4

From what I know, you cannot literally swap the designated captain, but that doesn't stop the captain handing over temporary charge to another player, similar to if a captain goes off the field and the vice captain takes over. An umpire cannot say to a player 'no, you can't change the fielding positions cause you're not captain'. This happened in the BBL, ...


4

From Law 1 (The Players) 2. Nomination of players Each captain shall nominate his players in writing to one of the umpires before the toss. No player may be changed after the nomination without the consent of the opposing captain. So the captain has to decide the playing eleven before the toss. Normally the playing eleven is not changed once ...


3

Well, obviously the answer to your question depends on the type of game you are referring to. On a more professional level, a point guard has to consider what the next move is. In other words, the PG has to have the answer to "Why am I passing this ball to him/her?" clearly defined. If it's a set-offense then it's actually pretty clear, PG passes to X and ...


3

KYP "know your personnel" is indeed a thing and one of the important point guard skills. Your question is multi-faceted, though, the correct answer is dependent on the particular situation you're in. For example, does your team play to win or just to make everyone happy, if happiness == touching the ball? If you play to win, the people getting looked over ...


3

Yes, tanking has happened in the NBA. In fact, a notorious tanking example was one of the causes of the draft lottery being instituted in the first place. This ESPN article notes: Why do we have a draft lottery? Because of what happened in 1984. In his book “Tip-Off,” a thorough account of the pivotal 1984 NBA draft, Filip Bondy dedicates a ...


3

A relatively new way of measuring player value in the NFL is WPA (and it's sister for Defensive players +WPA). Win probability Added is the measure of impact a player has on the game and effects his team's ability to win. This is a narrative stat, it gives us an idea of the impact of plays in the context of the game rather than in a vacuum. While it is not ...


3

Like Jacob mentioned, in Football it is much more difficult to measure a single player's contribution to a teams win. In baseball they have WAR or Wins Above Replacement which describes how many wins a single player accounts for over a basic or average replacement level player. In my opinion; however, Jonathan Vilma is an aging player on an already poor ...



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