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Has anyone won an olympic gold medal without also setting the fast time in the competition? For example someone else might have set the fastest time in the heats, but lost or been disqualified in the (slower) final.

  • This just happened in the men's 100m at the current world championships. Justin Gatlin ran 9.77 in the semi-finals but lost to Usain Bolt in the final when Bolt ran 9.79. – pjmorse Aug 24 '15 at 6:30
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In the men's 1500m at the 2012 Olympics, Abdalaati Iguider ran 3:34.00 in the 2nd semi-final. The final was won by Taoufik Makhloufi in a time of 3:34.08.

In the men's 5000m, Mo Farah won with a time of 13:41.66, a time which would have placed him in the middle of the field in either of the heats. The fastest time was Dejen Gebremeskel at 13:15.15, 25s quicker than the winning time in the final.

Your criteria are also met in the women's 1500m, women's 5000m and men's 3000m steeplechase.

Given how easy it was to find those (I just started with the track and field events at the most recent Olympics and worked up through the distances), I suspect this is a not uncommon occurrence, particularly in the longer distance events where races can be more tactical. In particular, the "fastest N losers qualify" rule will tend to force qualifying rounds to be quick to give athletes the best chance of making the finals, but there's no such pressure in the final.

  • Just wondering how you were able to go through a lot of information rather efficiently... Did you also happen to compare summer with winter olympics and see any differences? – Michael Lai May 19 '15 at 5:23
  • I didn't go through a lot of information - just the track events at the 2012 Olympics. I haven't done a thorough comparison across a large data set. – Philip Kendall May 19 '15 at 7:25
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Philip Kendall's answer also was the first that I considered. I had a quick look and found that the women's bobsleigh in Sochi and men's 500 meter speed skating had the same thing.

I think that this happens in any sports in which athletes do the same timed sports event multiple times. In cross-country sprint the athletes have to follow the same course multiple times on the same day. Due to getting tired, their performances generally decline during the day.

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