I wonder which world records have been broken by an athlete with a disability, put aside sports where non-disable athletes do not compete. For example, the record furthest accurate distance – men’s archery was broken by an athlete with a disability.
Apparently long distance runners are consistently beaten by their wheelchair counterparts. This article on the topic reads
... in every distance race further than 400m, the world record times of wheelchair athletes are faster than their able-bodied counterparts.
It goes on to give full detail and information about the disparity between able-bodied long-distance runners and wheelchair ones.