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After yesterday's (August 15th, 2016) omnium in the Olympics and the crash caused by Mark Cavendish in the points race, lots of people, ranging from cycling specific media to seemingly half of twitter, are saying they can't believe he wasn't disqualified, or insinuating that he should have been. However, no one has actually pointed to a rule nor any case where a similar standard has been set.

What are the rules and standard punishments for crashes caused in track racing and specifically, the points race of an omnium? What does one have to do to be disqualified? Did previous similar incidents have the same results (warning) or result in disqualification?

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    I am not sure it was Cavendish the cause of the crash, Korean cyclist coming from behind and probably should have been him to avoid Cavendish, despite Cavendish trajectory is in obvious collision with that of Park Sang-hoon – Ale Aug 16 '16 at 9:45
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    I agree that the Korean should take some of the blame - he rode up the track under Cavendish... but this post isn't about blame, it's about when disqualification is used – rg255 Aug 16 '16 at 10:16
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    +1 for you. My comment was only about "the crash caused by Mark Cavendish". The question seems right – Ale Aug 16 '16 at 10:18
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Points Race

In terms of the Points Race, there does not appear to be a rule in the UCI Cycling Regulations Part 3: Track Races, under the Points Race section, that specifically talks about a collisions between riders. The closest ruling is in the event of a recognised mishap.

3.2.129
In the case of a recognised mishap, the rider shall be entitled to a neutralisation during the number of laps closest to 1300 metres. On returning to the track, he shall resume the position he occupied before the mishap.

Earlier in the same document (page 7), it describes what a "recognised mishap" is:

3.2.021: Recognised mishap
The following shall be considered recognised mishaps:

  • a fall
  • a puncture
  • the breakage of an essential part of the bicycle.

All others incidents are considered un-recognised mishaps.

Now, whether a fall covers rider collisions is up for debate.

However, on page 6 under the Warnings - disqualification section:

3.2.013: Warnings - disqualification
Any offence not specifically penalised and any unsporting behaviour shall be punished by a warning, indicated by a yellow flag, or by disqualification from the race, indicated by a red flag, according to the gravity of the fault, notwithstanding the fine provided for in article 12.1.007.

So we can reasonably assume that Mark Cavendish was adjudged to have caused the crash, but it was not considered to be that serious of an offense to be disqualified, and was given a warning.


Other Events

In terms of other track cycling events, it will again come down to that specific event to explicitly define rules for crashes, otherwise it will follow the guidelines in section 3.2.013 (above).

An example of an event which does have specific rules regarding crashes is the Sprint event. It says:

3.2.041
Before the last 200 metres line or the start of the final sprint, riders may avail themselves of the full width of the track but must nevertheless leave sufficient space for their opponent to pass and shall refrain from any manoeuvres that could provoke a collision, a fall or cause any rider to ride off the track.

and

3.2.048: Race Stoppages
The race may be stopped only:

  1. in the case of fall.
    If the fall be intentionally caused by a competitor, that competitor shall be relegated or disqualified from the tournament according to the gravity of the fault committed and the other competitor declared the winner. In three or fourup heats, the race shall be immediately restarted with the remaining two or three riders.
    Should the fall have been caused by a competitor riding too slowly in a curve or by any other unintentional fault, the race shall be restarted and the offending rider shall take the inside of the track.
    If the fall is not caused by a competitor committing a fault, commissaires shall decide whether the race is to be restarted with the riders in the same order or whether the positions at the time of the fall should be considered final.
  • I think 3.2.129 is somewhat similar to the 3km rule in road racing - if you are caught up because of a crash ahead of you in the last 3km you are awarded the same time as the first member of the group you were in who crosses the line – rg255 Aug 18 '16 at 11:14

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