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Shi Tingmao's fourth dive in the 2016 Rio Olympic 3m final was "Forward 3½ Somersaults" with a difficulty coefficient of 3.1.

How are such values determined?

In general, is the difficulty coefficient fixed or variable over time?

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The values come from the FINA Table of Degrees of Difficulty*

The tables are a matrix that combine the direction and number of any spins and twists, with the shape that is held during the dive.

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As you can see, a Forward 3½ Somersault combined with a Pike results in a 3.1 difficulty coefficient.

* The link provided is for the 1m and 3m springboards. For 5m, 7.5m and 10m platform diving see here

  • Up for you. Here is it possible to view the matrix quoted in ImClary answer – Ale Aug 17 '16 at 9:39

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