Are women allowed to compete in men's division in the Olympic Games? So, how is the "men's division" officially defined by the IOC? Is it explicitly for men only or is it an "open division" which allows women (at least in principle) to participate in the "men's division" in the Olympic Games?
If it does depend on the sport, what would be an example where women are allowed in men's division (in principal) and where they are explicitly not allowed?
How did this rule change in the past?
Were there any woman participating in the men's division in the history of the Olympic Games (except riding where no distinction between "men and "women" exist)?
Calling a division "men" doesn't logically imply that only men many participate. For example at least in Germany I know a lot examples where girls compete in "boys" divisions if they are good enough, though the division is called "boys".
This also happens occasionally at more advanced levels, for example in table tennis the female player Li Jiao played in the played in the men's Eredivisie for Dutch club TTV Heerlen and won the championship (see: http://results.nbcolympics.com/athletes/athlete=li-jiao-1195210/index.html).
Note that the question is about if it is in principle possible. Clearly in lots of sports the difference between men and women is very big. However one might imagine a women who is at mens elite level and wants to participate in mens Olympics for example because in the womens division there are no real competitors for her. So how are the IOC rules formulated, do they allow women in principle to participate in mens divisions?