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In football, can the captain move players from one position into another, during the game, without the coach or manager telling them to?

Does the coach or manager need to give the captain permission for this to be done?

  • I've added the rules tag, since this question also seems to implicitly ask whether there is a rule preventing this (rather than it being simply a tactical/coaching issue). – Reinstate Monica 2331977 Nov 14 '16 at 2:23
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    And as a tactical / coaching issue, it would be far too broad for Stack Exchange. – Philip Kendall Nov 14 '16 at 11:43
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Other than the goalkeeper, there are no positions defined in the Laws of the Game, so nobody needs "permission" from anybody play anywhere on the pitch. The captain, or anyone else on the team for that matter, can tell anyone to move into any position at all. Whether they'll be listened to our not is a different question of course, and that's down to the relationship between the manager, the captain and everybody else.

4

As stated by @PhilipKendall, there's no rule delimiting the functions of coaches and players. And to add to that: there's no rule that forces you to even have a coach present, nor for the coach to just coach.
In lower tiers, clubs with financial or management problems that can't find a coach, would play following the directions of the captain and/or the physical trainer. Take the example of Jumilla CF (Google-translated article), a modest Spanish "bronze division" team that's now in the top 3 of their group after surviving almost half the last season without a coach.
On the other side of the spectrum, a coach may choose to be a player himself too. When Zidane arrived to Real Madrid as a coach, there was some mild speculation about him actually playing some matches if he couldn't decide a lineup in time.

So much for rules about whether the captain can tell other players what to do :-)

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    What was spculated about Zidane actually came true with Giggs when he was in charge of MU's first team. – LeReferee Nov 15 '16 at 17:12
  • What teams are these that can afford a PT but not a coach?! – Nij Nov 15 '16 at 19:26
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    @Nij In Spain, football coaches are required to have a specific license in order to coach, which takes years and money to get (the higher the tier, the longer and pricier it gets). To be a physical trainer, however, the requirements are more relaxed: you can function as one after completing a 2-year course in a public school (basically free), so they are usually cheaper than a coach. Also, we're talking about local clubs, where some amateurs will work for free just to support their team. It's easier to find an amateur sports masseur than an amateur licensed coach. – walen Nov 16 '16 at 8:28

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