Each discipline has their own scoring system. Since wind has a huge impact on the performance of ski jumpers it has been added as scoring criteria as well as the gate the jumpers start from. This is to compensate for (dis)advantages under different situations.
- The gate determines the jumping speed (higher gate = more distance on the runway = more time to accelerate)
- Head- or upwind is an advantage as it pushes the jumper upwards and they can travel further while tailwind does the opposite.
The compensation score makes up for both.
Some basic scoring info:
The scoring system combines distance with style points, recorded by
five judges. Each jumper gets a trial jump and two scored jumps.
(Only the top 30 from the first round make it to the second round in
World Cup and Continental Cup events). A wind and gate compensation
system is utilized as well in World Cup, World Championships, and
Olympic Games events.
The downhill competitions don't rely on wind that much. If it's too strong the whole competition will be postponed (they actually did that), so no athlete will have (dis)advantages due to different conditions. In downhill the piste is much more important and of course the weather altogether:
- snow condition (fresh snow, icy ground, melting snow, etc...)
- weather (is it sunny, foggy, raining,.. how far athletes can see, impact on the piste (see above), and so on)