There are 4 major sports leagues in North America: NFL, MLB, NBA, and NHL. The teams, also known as the franchises, in the league don't change. The only exceptions are when a team moves to a different city (still the same franchise) and when the league expands by adding more teams.

This is very different to European football leagues where promotion and relegation is practiced. A small number of teams that finish last in a season are relegated to the lower league, and the top teams of the lower league are promoted to replace them.

Has there been a time where the North American major leagues practiced promotion and relegation?

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    @Nij I removed the "if not, why north american leagues don't do promote and relegation". This question is different than the one marked as a duplicate of. Here I'm asking for any occurrences of promote and relegation in major north american sport in the past, not the reason. – alamoot Mar 3 '18 at 19:21
  • I agree with Nij's proposed dupe, as it does answer your question. – Rory Alsop Mar 4 '18 at 17:05
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    @RoryAlsop I disagree. When closing a question as dup, the description below it reads: "The question has been asked before and already has an answer". Note that my question asks for the history/occurrences of Promotion and Relegation (P&R) where as the other is asking why it doesn't exist in North America (NA). I've read all answers to that question, non of those discuss if P&R has been used in the 4 major leagues of NA. btw even if one of the answers of the that question answered mine, since the other question doesn't have an accepted answer I find it unreasonable to mark this question as dup – alamoot Mar 4 '18 at 17:40
  • If you read the question... – Rory Alsop Mar 4 '18 at 18:01
  • I don't understand your comment – alamoot Mar 5 '18 at 19:21