It seems to me that most track bikes I see have only one gear ratio. For some events I can imagine that having multiple gears would simply be added weight and drag, but on other events, like the short sprints, it seems like a couple of different gears would be of benefit.

Are multiple gears allowed on track cycling bicycles? If so, why are they not used?


Track bicycles are not permitted to have multiple gears under UCI regulations.

From their document General Organisation of Cycling as a Sport, in Chapter III Equipment, part 1.3.025:

Freewheels, multiple gears and brakes are not permitted for use on the track during competition or training.

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