Four teams (France, Belgium, Czechoslovakia and Greece) used their three goalkeepers:
In all, only four teams have ever used three goalkeepers in a single
World Cup tournament. That's out of 371 teams to have qualified for
the finals – surely time for Fifa to change the rules.
First to use a trio of keepers were France in 1978. The No1 was
Jean-Paul Bertrand-Demanes who played in Les Bleus' opening game
against Italy. In the second group game against Argentina,
Bertrand-Demanes smashed either his back or head (it varies between
reports) on a post after pulling off a save and had to be replaced by
Dominique Baratelli, a 31-year-old who had made sporadic appearances
since 1969. He conceded the winning goal against Argentina and was
replaced for France's final group game by Dominique Dropsy. The game
against Hungary was Dropsy's debut and he would go on to win another
16 caps. Neither Baratelli nor Bertrand-Demanes would ever play for
the national side again.
Belgium went into the 1982 tournament with the eccentric (he served a
three-month ban in 1980 after elbowing a linesman in a Belgian Cup
match) but hugely talented Jean-Marie Pfaff as their first choice.
Pfaff had been welcomed, somewhat apprehensively, back to the fold
after missing the 1978 European Championships because of his practical
joking, but he couldn't keep his inner comedian under wraps. He was
dropped following the first group stage after apparently pretending to
drown in the swimming pool at the team hotel. His replacement in
Belgium's opening game in the second group stage was Theo Custers,
whose performance against Poland was so abject it was his last
("Custers's last stand," notes the World Cup historian Cris Freddi).
For the Belgian's final game Jacky Munaron took the gloves.
Also in 1982, Czechoslovakia used three keepers. Zdenek Hruska played
from start to finish against Kuwait, but Stanislav Seman was preferred
for the Czech's game against England. A calamitous performance – it
would be his last for the national side – lasted 75 minutes before he
broke a finger and was replaced by third-choice Karel Stromsik, who
kept the No1 spot for the final group game.
The most recent team to use three goalkeepers in a single tournament
were the hapless Greece side of 1994. The Greeks had gone undefeated
through qualifying and named the experienced Antonis Minou, who had
conceded only twice in five qualifiers, as No1 for the opening game
against Argentina. A 4-0 defeat saw 25-year-old AEK keeper Elias
Atmatsidis in goal against Bulgaria. Another 4-0 defeat followed and
he was replaced by 24-year-old Christos Karkamanis for the final group
game. That brought a slight improvement in fortunes – a 2-0 defeat to
Source: The Guardian (Internet Archive).