In the NHL, it's generally accepted wisdom that if two teams face each other in a playoff round, and one team has played fewer games in the playoffs due to having fewer losses in previous rounds, they're at an advantage due to being less tired/injured etc. But has anyone done a statistical analysis to show if this is the case or not? Obviously there's a big confounding factor (a team that loses less is probably just flat out better) but I think this could probably be corrected for using regular season results.

Example in case it isn't clear: COL beat STL 4-0 in the first round, VGK beat MIN 4-3, now COL plays VGK with 3 fewer games played recently and would be argued to have an advantage.

I'm mostly interested in the hockey case, but other sports with significant injury risks would answer the question too.

  • Welcome to Sports Stack Exchange. Great question, it seems like it should be "an obvious truth" but a proper statistical analysis would make the size of effect much clearer.
    – Nij
    May 30, 2021 at 19:26
  • The trouble here will be the confounding factors, particularly the underlying skill of the teams and the seedings of the playoffs. Imagine you have four teams with underlying skill levels 1 (best), 2, 3, 4 (worst) and they were matched up 1 vs 4, 2 vs 3 in the first round. 1 may well beat 4 easily (4-0 or 4-1) while 2 beats 3 in a close matchup (4-2 or 4-3). Now, it's the case that 1 is likely to beat 2... but it's might be nothing to do with the fact they had a easy first round win, it's just because they're a better team.
    – Philip Kendall
    Jun 1, 2021 at 8:02


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