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Imagine me, climbing and sitting on someone's(teammate) shoulders. We are standing near opponents basket. I get a pass and since i am at 3 meters height, i cannot be blocked and most probably i will score.

Is this illegal? If yes, according to what rule?

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Climbing on a teammate is illegal.

In the NCAA, this is a Class B technical foul. When this occurs, two free throws are awarded to any member of the other team.

From NCAA Men's Basketball 2013-14 and 2014-15 Rules, Rule 10 (Fouls and Penalties), Section 4 (Class B Technical Infractions):

Section 4. CLASS B TECHNICAL INFRACTIONS
Art. 1. A technical foul shall be assessed to a player or a substitute for the following infractions:

b. Climbing on or lifting a teammate to secure greater height.

PENALTY: Article 1 and Article 2.a through i. Two free throws shall be awarded to any member of the offended team. All infractions count toward ejection but do not count toward the team-foul total or disqualification.

In the NBA, this is considered an Illegal Assist in Scoring, and results in a loss of the ball.

From Official Rules of the National Basketball Association, Rule 10 (Violations and Penalties), Section XIII (Illegal Assist in Scoring):

Section XIII-Illegal Assist in Scoring
a. A player may not assist himself to score by using the basket ring or back-board to lift, hold or raise himself.
b. A player may not assist a teammate to gain height while attempting to score.
PENALTY: Loss of ball. The ball is awarded to the opposing team at the free throw line extended.

  • What about FIBA rules? I tried to find something about it but failed. – Pablo H Jul 20 '18 at 13:29
  • @PabloH I've looked through the FIBA official rules, and I couldn't find a rule against this, either. Do you play FIBA? You should try getting on the shoulders of a teammate, scoring a goal, and report back to us what happens. :) – Ben Miller - Reinstate Monica Jul 20 '18 at 13:43
  • Hahaha, no; played when a kid, too old and unfit now. Besides jumping on a (passive) teammate, as in Australian football, another possible move is actively hand-supporting a teammate as they do when throwing from the line in rugby. Assists like these would also be useful for blocking. – Pablo H Jul 20 '18 at 13:50
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From FIBA Rules Interpretations (31 Jan 2019): https://www.fiba.basketball/rules/interpretations.pdf

"25-7 Statement. It is a violation to lift a team-mate to play the ball.

25-8 Example: A1 embraces his team-mate A2 and lifts him up under the opponent’s basket. A3 passes the ball to A2 who dunks the ball into the basket. Interpretation: This is a violation. The goal shall not count. Team B shall be awarded a throwin from the sideline at the free-throw line extended in its backcourt."

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