Questions tagged [formula-1]

For questions relating to the class of open-wheeled auto racing known as Formula 1.

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How do racing cars use aerodynamic ground effect?

My understanding is that ground effect works when the ground or other surface interrupts the downdraft thereby reducing aerodynamic drag. With cars, it seems that the explanations I've found describe ...
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What are the maximum points that an F1 driver can achieve in 2022?

We have 22 races, and three of the races have a sprint race. So, here is my calculation: 22 main races = 25 points (first place) x 22 = 550 points 3 sprint races = 8 points (first place) x 3 = 24 ...
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Can drivers pit in the sprint race if the weather changes?

The F1 sprint races have no mandatory pit stops, and drivers racing flat-out to the chequered flag. But what if there is a sudden change of weather during the sprint race? For example, let's say they ...
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Why do some F1 tracks still have gravel?

In F1, in order to slow down cars, some tracks have some sort of gravel, such as the German Grand Prix, while some tracks have red and blue strips, such as the French Grand Prix. The gravel is a far ...
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Which car is faster? F1 2021 or F1 2022

We saw that Mercedes has porpoising problems on their 2022 car, but in 2021, the vehicle dominates the circuit like Redbulls. Let us consider that Lewis Hamilton uses a 2021 car to compete in 2022, ...
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Did the 1979 Lotus F1 car suffer from porpoising?

It is true that the 1979 F1 regulations will not be applicable in 2022, but it is also true that the ground effect aerodynamics in 2022 are similar to those used in the Lotus F1 cars from 1977-1979. ...
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How have Red Bull and Ferrari managed to overcome the 2022 car problems but not Mercedes?

It seems like a major issue of 2022 Formula 1 cars is porpoising but what is more interesting is, how have Red Bull and Ferrari managed to overcome this problem, and what have they done differently ...
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What is the difference between new and scrub tyres and what is the advantages?

In the 2021 Spanish Grand Prix, the battle game between Verstappen and Hamilton changed thanks to the 2-stop strategy by Mercedes. When Lewis pit for the second time, Lambiase (Verstappen's engineer) ...
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Why do drivers not pit to change tires when they have a puncture or blowout?

In the 2020 British Grand Prix, Hamilton suffered a tire puncture on the final lap of the race, barely getting his car across the finish line in time to hold off his closest challenger, Max Verstappen....
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Porpoising and FIA simulations

To arrive at 2022 regulations, it is said that FIA ran thousands of hours of simulations on what should be the design of the F1 car. But while they did so, was the porpoising effect brought out ...
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How it is possible to lead every lap in a race in order to achieve a Grand Slam?

I recently heard about the F1 Grand Chelem/Grand Slam Records. To achieve this, the drivers need to: Score pole position and start the race in pole position Win the race from pole position Set the ...
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What procedures does the FIA take when there are thunderstorms?

For the 2022 Formula 1 Season, Miami is hosting one of two races in the USA. Miami, and Florida as a whole, has a bit of a reputation for quite severe thunderstorms, and particularly whereby sporting ...
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FIA regulations and analysis of telemetry data on brake-testing

In 2018 at Baku, subsequent to analysis of telemetry data, FIA concluded there was no proof that the front car (Lewis Hamilton) was involved in brake-testing during safety car restart. In that case, ...
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Why do many people consider Max Verstappen comparable to Lewis Hamilton?

I'm one of those Americans who watched DTS and eventually got into F1. This is the first actual season where I watched all the races and I'm still learning the sport. I am not emotionally attached to ...
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1 vote
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68 views

When is/was the 2021 Formula 1 champion officially decided?

After the final 2021 race in Abu Dhabi, post-race protests were thrown out and it is now being reported that Max Verstappen is the drivers' world champion. Is this technically correct? Or is the ...
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Difference in Mercedes and Aston Martin teams in F1

Before the start of the F1 2021 season, it was said that low rake F1 cars would be at a disadvantage because of new aerodynamic regulations by FIA. Red Bull with a high rake F1 car was slated to win ...
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In F1, which tyre to start on if the "fastest time"-tyre is damaged?

During Q3, if the driver loses a tyre due to a puncture, which tyre would he start with in the race the next day? Secondly, if the pole sitter tries to improve his lap time in Q3 and while doing so ...
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Formula 1: How does Sprint Qualifying affect the starting grid on race day?

The 2021 F1 season introduced "Sprint Qualifying" (hereby abbreviated as "SQ") in some races as an experimental event during the race weekends (i.e. Monza and Brazil GP). SQ is ...
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What matters the most when it comes to being successful in Formula One?

I've been watching Formula One for the last 14 years. I have seen many drivers who came from the Driver Academies of Mercedes or Ferrari, with championship wins in GP3 and GP2. But when they enter ...
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4 votes
1 answer
87 views

In F1 (or other motorsports), how is a lap time counted?

How is a lap time counted in Formula 1 (or other motorsports)? Does timing begin when the front, or middle, or back of the car touches the start/finish line?
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16 votes
1 answer
3k views

What's the (official) motivation for requiring cars to have at least one liter of fuel post-race?

I've read in the news about the rule regarding fuel left Vettel was disqualified from second place after his car was found to have less than the mandatory one litre of fuel required for post-race ...
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Race Start Procedure when everyone pits on Formation Lap

During the 2021 Hungarian Grand Prix, after the initial start was red-flagged due to a turn one incident, the field started their second formation lap, with all cars on intermediate-wet tyres. It ...
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In F1 why does the checkered flag appear when the driver has not finished and is further down in position?

Why does a driver in (say) 13 place have a checkered flag but positions 4-12 have no flag yet?
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3 votes
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What happens after a car finishes an F1 race

After crossing the finishing line in F1, how much further ahead do drivers go? Obviously they can't stop right at the finishing line. Are there any regulations here? How do they exit the track? is ...
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Which F1 driver was overtaken after swerving towards his team at the pit wall?

Which F1 driver swerved towards his team at the pit wall, causing him to be overtaken? Other things I remember: He lost the race and his job because of this. It may have been in a Renault. It may ...
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Highest rank in last season without retiring?

With Perez almost not having a drive next year after finishing 4th in the Drivers championship, I wonder: Who are the top 5 of drivers that had the highest rank of the Worlds Driver Championship in ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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What parts of an F1 car are mandatory per rules?

I really wonder, so if I would try to make the simplest, most stripped down but still legal F1 car, what parts are absolutely needed? I'm gonna guess the halo, safety cell and 4 tires are mandatory, ...
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3 votes
1 answer
64 views

Under what circumstances were F1 teams allowed to re-use old chassis built by other teams?

It used to be the case that new F1 teams could re-use outdated chassis designs built by other teams, however I'm confused about the circumstances under which they could do so. In 1992, Andrea Moda ...
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4 votes
2 answers
836 views

Is it just me or when driving down the pits, the pit wall will always be on the left?

I think at every track, when you are driving down the pit lane, the pit wall will always be on the left, and the stands on the right. Am I right on this? If I am, is there a logical reason why it ...
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2 votes
0 answers
75 views

Assymetrical setup in modern F1

Back in the day (60's, 70's and 80's) F1 cars could have assymetrical suspension setups — packers, dumpers, springs, camber, anti-roll bars etc... — which makes sense: in Imola you are mostly turning ...
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1 vote
1 answer
416 views

How does an F1 driver become slower with age?

I have never understood clearly how an F1 driver loses pace as they grow old, I understand it has to do with instincts & reflexes getting slower but these drivers do have telemetry data, So Seb ...
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Naive questions about the Engine of a Formula1 Car

I'm not very familiar with engines and how they work. I know what "cc", "hp", "V6", "turbo" and the like mean, but I ignore how their correlation can improve (...
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7 votes
1 answer
5k views

What decides where you are in the pitlane, and is there an advantage that could be got depending on where you are in the pit lane?

In F1, the teams currently seem to be stacked where Mercedes/ferrari are early in the pitlane, and Williams is at the end. How is the order of teams decided for the pitlane, and is a position ...
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2 votes
0 answers
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When was an open face helmet used for the last time in open-wheel car racing?

As for Formula 1, the last time an open face helmet was used was during the 1974 Swedish GP by Leo Kinnunen, and the last time it's been used during an official F1 weekend was at the 1975 Monaco GP by ...
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8 votes
2 answers
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What is the coldest Formula One race ever held?

With the announcement of three new F1 races in Europe during October and early November, there's been a lot of discussion about the potential for those races to be unusually cold - especially the ...
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5 votes
3 answers
3k views

When 'lapped cars may overtake', can you unlap yourself more than once?

With Latifi being 5 laps down at the end of the 2020 Hungarian Grand Prix, I wonder... if a safety car were to be deployed, and at some point lapped cars were allowed to overtake, could Latifi have ...
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3 votes
1 answer
858 views

Why is the start/finish line halfway down the grid?

In F1, it would be simple enough to have the Start/Finish line (the line where the lap is counted) be the line in front of pole position, but for a weird reason the line is down the grid, somewhere ...
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-2 votes
1 answer
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F1 Styrian GP 2020 first lap incident

In the Formula 1 Styrian Grand Prix 2020, Leclerc collided with Vettel during the first lap. Why was Leclerc blamed for this collision in the press? It did not seem like it was intentional.
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3 votes
0 answers
86 views

What are the exact dimensions of Silverstone?

I'm trying to create a model of Silverstone and need the exact dimensions of the track. I need the lengths of everything and the angles and sizes of every corner. Does anybody know where this can be ...
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6 votes
2 answers
533 views

Are there official Formula One rules regarding apex disputes, faults in passing and the like?

Is there any official rule book for racing in Formula 1 to determine who's at fault in a racing incident, who has the apex/exit etc? I'm aware there's one describing other things like pit stops, ...
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3 votes
2 answers
216 views

What's the best refuelling strategy in Formula 1?

I'm interested in how race strategy changed during the refueling eras. Say we have a 60 lap race, you could pit on lap 20 and 40, or you could pit on lap 21 and 42. I wanted to see which strategy ...
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1 vote
0 answers
126 views

How much does a Formula 1 car really cost?

I have come across several websites claiming that the Formula one car components prices are known and the total price for a car is in the $12-15 million. The websites I'm referring to are like this ...
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9 votes
1 answer
431 views

Can the official fastest lap of a race be set in the first lap in F1?

Actually there are many reasons that make the cars slower in the first lap of a race. Cars accelerate from 0 kph Traffic is at maximum Tyres are not at ideal temperature (still soft tyres can perform ...
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8 votes
1 answer
3k views

Which Formula One races did Scuderia Ferrari not take part in?

Scuderia Ferrari are the only team to have competed in every season of the Formula One World Championship since its inception in 1950. However, during the 2019 Chinese Grand Prix, the 1000th F1 race, ...
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7 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why do F1 drivers move towards the pit wall at the end of the race?

On the last lap, at the start-finish straight, just as they are ending the race, F1 drivers (especially those at the front) move their car off the racing line towards the wall. I'm guessing that they ...
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1 answer
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Best Chassis in F1 cars [closed]

I have read that recently last year that Red Bull racing cars have the best chassis. How do we analyse the chassis of an F1 Car? what is the science behind the best chassis and the worst?
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3 votes
1 answer
2k views

Five red lights in F1 - When were they introduced and do they bring any advantage?

I'm wondering. The 5 red lights, that light up 1 by 1 for the start of the race, and then the race starts when they all shut down. When were they introduced? And are there any advantages to the five ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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What would happen in Formula 1 if a stateless person wins a Grand Prix? [closed]

There are about 12 million stateless people on Earth. What would happen if one of them wins a Formula 1 Grand Prix? What anthem gets played?
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7 votes
2 answers
2k views

In F1 classification, what is ON?

I saw that on reddit. On thye official clasisfication for the Grand Prix, the second to last column is 'ON'. Seems to be something relating to laps, but I can't figure out what. So what is ON in ...
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7 votes
2 answers
3k views

What are scrubbed tyres?

I'm reading Mark Webber's book and in it he says that during the the 2005 Belgian grand prix he was amazed that his team put him on new intermediate tyres instead of scrubbed tyres on a drying track. ...
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