Questions tagged [officiating]

Questions about the application and enforcement of rules and regulations by the officials engaged in a sport. Questions must also be tagged for the specific sport and/or competition.

0
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1answer
49 views

Can an umpire overturn a call in little league?

We had a weird call overturned after a play in a little league game 9-10 years old, Cal Ripken rules. We had a runner score a run, everything seemed normal. The pitcher got the ball back, our on ...
1
vote
2answers
7k views

Is pulling shirts allowed in football? If not, why is it unpenalized?

In many matches, defenders can be seen pulling the shirts of opppnents during corner kicks and free kicks. But referees never called a foul or award a free kick or penalty to the opposition. Is ...
4
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2answers
1k views

Are World Cup refs all the same gender as the teams?

I am watching the Women's soccer/football World Cup. So far, all the refs I have seen have been women. Now that I think about it, during the men's World Cup I only saw men as refs. Is this in fact ...
2
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1answer
52 views

In football, a player is to be cautioned if he 'shows a lack of respect for the game': what does this mean?

Although the Laws of the Game say a player must be cautioned if he's guilty of unsporting behaviour, a direct definition of what constitutes "unsporting behaviour" is never provided (apart from a very ...
4
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1answer
52 views

In football, how should the referee deal with possible offside situations involving attacking/defending players off the field of play?

I personally think this is one of the most confusing aspects of the Laws of the Game. In particular, I'm referring to these two paragraphs (Law 11.4): (Defending players off the field of play) ...
10
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1answer
12k views

Stumping from fast bowling?

Is it possible to dismiss a batsman by stumping off a fast bowler with the wicket keeper not standing up to the stumps? To be more specific, for stumping a batsman, is it mandatory to keep the ball ...
1
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0answers
40 views

Are tennis rackets checked by officials before matches?

Following this question I started looking for evidence that rackets in tennis were checked by officials, at least on the ATP tour, but couldn't find some. I was able to find the regulations for racket ...
2
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1answer
7k views

Number of whistles by referees defined in the rules or is it just a guideline?

When starting a game a whistle is blown by the referee only once. At the end of the 1st half the referee blows the whistle 2 times. At the end of the game the referee blows the whistle 3 times. Is ...
0
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1answer
33 views

What is the best view to decide a run out?

In cricket, what's the best angle to view if a batsman is out or not out in a run out scenario? Is it from an angle where the umpire runs to (so on the sides) or is it from the bowlers' end?
25
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5answers
12k views

Does the batsman get runs on No ball when the team requires only 1 run to win?

Suppose, A batsman is on strike with 98 runs. The scores are level so the batting team requires only 1 run to win. Now suppose in the next ball, the bowler bowls a No ball and the batsman hits FOUR or ...
9
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3answers
10k views

Who is out if both batsmen end up at the same end and at the other end fielders hit the stumps?

Consider the following situation, Batsmen A and B are playing, A is facing the ball and hits the ball inside the ground. Both of them running between the wickets and meet at the centre of the pitch, ...
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1answer
9k views

What determines if a hand pass is legal in the NHL?

What are the conditions that make a hand pass legal or illegal? I have seen players swat the puck to a teammate and not get whistled for the a hand pass and I have see players get whistled for what ...
0
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0answers
30 views

Is traveling/carrying no longer called for dribbling players?

As far as I know you are not supposed to let the ball stop in your hands while you are dribbling. However it seems like in modern NBA this is not enforced very often. Most recently I was watching the ...
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vote
2answers
86 views

Inbound basketball passed outside the court, then dribbled in

I was watching a local college basketball game last night (SSAC) and saw something I really don’t understand, so I thought I would do some research. I’ve come up empty so far. The opposing team was ...
10
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1answer
3k views

What should a referee do if he physically obstructs a player?

In the Euro 2012 match between Spain and Ireland, the referee actually ended up tackling down a player who was receiving the ball from his defense and moving off to dribble through the incoming ...
12
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3answers
6k views

Ball touching the ground during a catch in cricket

If a fielder takes a catch and the ball touches the ground (ball is in hand only, but it’s touching the ground at the same time), is it considered as out?
7
votes
1answer
4k views

Passing back, am I offside?

I have the ball. My back is to the opponent's goal. My teammate, further from but facing the goal, is running toward me and toward the goal. Rather than turn and shoot, I pass the ball back to my ...
7
votes
5answers
9k views

What happens if a team walks off the field during a football match?

On the weekend an altercation between a referee and a play led to their team leaving the pitch. 21 minutes into the game our team was up 1-0 when allegedly the referee said to a player that he was a "...
2
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1answer
53 views

How does the VAR decide which camera to use?

On April 17, 2019, in the UEFA Champions League quarterfinal second leg between Manchester City and Tottenham there were some requests to VAR. In particular, one was made regarding Llorente's goal in ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

What is the difference between a Body Check and Woman's Body Check?

This image is from the Sochi Winter Olympics: Why is Women Body Checking different from a regular Body Check? I mean, pretty sure not every penalty was preceded by Women's in the match (like Women ...
2
votes
2answers
191 views

Why do NHL referees relax their penalty calls in the playoffs?

It seems that in NHL playoffs, referees tend to be a lot less likely to call a penalty. What is the reason and is this an official rule in the referee handbook or is it more of an unspoken rule?
16
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6answers
13k views

What is the most red cards issued by the referee in one game of soccer/football?

What is the most red cards a referee has ever issued in one game of European football? Europe Only "Top flight" leagues (e.g. Premier League, Serie A, La Liga BBVA, Eredivisie, German Bundesliga, ...
22
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1answer
939 views

What is the stuff referees spray on the ground in Football matches?

During the World Cup, the referees sprayed something on the ground. It looked like it was white paint, but it was foamy. It was right before a free-kick on goal. What was the stuff they sprayed on ...
29
votes
3answers
12k views

Can referees change their decision?

Let's imagine an ideal situation: A player scores a goal Before scoring, they deliberately handle the ball None of the referees notice the foul The referee validates the goal The scorer admits (...
9
votes
1answer
5k views

How detailed is penalty kick encroachment in football

The laws of the game prohibit encroaching on a penalty kick whether it is an attacking player or defending player. The keeper is supposed to remain on the line until the kick is taken but in practice ...
2
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2answers
117 views

What is the difference between a offside and a neutral zone infraction in the NFL?

Throughout many NFL games, there is almost always one pre-snap call, and many of those are on the offense for a small flinch. During all of the games that I have watched, I see refs calling out mostly ...
-2
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1answer
76 views

Football yellow cards and red cards

Can a player be given a red card for just 45 second, after which he will be allowed to continue playing again?
9
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3answers
585 views

Does stoppage time actually equal all non-playing time during a half?

After every half during a football (soccer) game, the refs add stoppage time to the clock to compensate for lost time due to injuries and penalties. But how closely does stoppage time equal real game ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is there often more additional time in the second half versus the first half?

In football (at least in Europe), the second half of a football match almost always gets a longer additional time (seems to be 3 minutes on average) than the first half (seems to be 1 minute on ...
3
votes
2answers
607 views

Half time duration

I have read through the FIFA laws of the game and can see that the half time interval says: Half-time interval Players are entitled to an interval at half-time. The half-time interval must not exceed ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Is it an offside in this case?

When two players are facing the goalkeeper alone. and the first player passes the ball to the second and he scores. notes: The moment when the ball was passed to the first player none of the two ...
21
votes
1answer
78k views

What is the maximum number of red cards that a referee can give in a football match?

What is the greatest possible number of red cards that a referee can give in a football match? Does such a limit even exist? If so, does it vary from league to league and tournament to tournament?
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vote
2answers
202 views

What is the call when a runner misses 2nd base on a 1st to 3rd and a dead ball call?

runner on 1st. ball is hit to outfield. runner advances to 3rd missing 2nd base. the throw coming in to 3rd base goes into dugout. What is the proper call?
12
votes
3answers
19k views

What or who decides whether extra time is given in football?

How is extra time decided to be given in football, either when the teams have scored the same number of goals, or when one team has scored more goals? Can teams have extra time by requesting it, in ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

When is the ball out in football?

In this video of Ajax versus Real Madrid, accompanying an article, you can see around 2:22 that there was much controversy about a ball being out or not. With the help of the VAR it was decided after ...
5
votes
3answers
18k views

End of the game: does the referee have to wait for the end of an action to blow the final whistle or can they do it whenever they want?

I was watching today's World Cup game between France and Switzerland. At the end of the game the referee blew the final whistle while the French team was attacking and right after a French player ...
0
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1answer
52 views

Which runner is out? [duplicate]

There is 1 out. There is a runner on first, and the ball is hit to the second baseman. The second baseman gets the ball and runs towards first. The runner on first stays on 1st base and the batter ...
3
votes
1answer
78 views

Can a trainer force a player to be substituted?

In the final between Chelsea and Manchester City, Chelsea goalkeeper Kepa refused to be substituted, enraging his coach Sarri. Apparently, a few years ago, Messi acted the same way with his coach ...
4
votes
1answer
44 views

What rules govern touchdowns/touchbacks if there is a fumble involved?

I have a question specifically about a passage of the official NFL 2018 rulebook (https://operations.nfl.com/media/3277/2018-nfl-rulebook_final-version.pdf). Please take a look at Rule 3 - Section 2 -...
7
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1answer
7k views

When will a bowler's delivery be declared as a dead ball?

What is the term dead ball mean in Cricket? and When will be a bowler's delivery considered as a dead ball?
6
votes
2answers
8k views

What are the roles of the various officials in badminton?

At a Badminton tournament, a lot of different officials can be seen: There are obviously line judges and umpires, but from time to time we also see other technical officials coming on court. What do ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

How much protection do NHL referees wear?

I'm wondering how much protection NHL referees wear aside the helmet. I've seen referees that had to either leave game or where on ice for a long time after getting hit or falling awkwardly. Those ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Meaning of penalty cards

At the 2016 All-England finals, Wang Shixian was shown a yellow and a red card. This Guardian article even has a picture of a black card. What do these cards mean, and when are they typically shown?
0
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1answer
104 views

Reviewing a penalty in the NFL

The referees ruled that the Jets had too many defensive players on the field by a review in their game on December 23, 2018. Can you review offside, holding, or any penalty for that matter?
9
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1answer
4k views

How do I become a Badminton umpire?

What are the steps to becoming a recognized Badminton umpire, eventually at the Olympics? What resources are helpful in becoming a (good) umpire?
1
vote
1answer
498 views

What is the frequency of overs to introduce a “new” ball? [duplicate]

In ODI and Test they introduce a new ball in between the course of the match,which favours the seamers. What is frequency of overs in test matches for a new ball to be introduced,because it is a ...
5
votes
1answer
954 views

Is it a fault: penetrate under the net when the feet are completely in opponent's space, but not on the court?

It is easier to watch this video (vk.com, Russian social network) than explain Libero of Sada Cruzeiro flew to the opponent's side but didn't touch the court with his feets. At the same time, his ...
0
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1answer
527 views

offside interpretation in soccer. Deflection of a back pass by a forward that hits defender and deflects instead forward

The ball goes forward to an attacker who is re-entering from an off side position. The attacker gains control, turns and shoots toward goal. Is the play to be diss allowed for an offside pass?
8
votes
2answers
2k views

What happens if a cricket team has more than 11 fielders?

What is the rule concerning the violation of a 11 player rule? What if the team fielding 12 players played half an inning without anybody noticing it? The game was a 20 over/side game and each team ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

What is the distinction between a play that counts after the whistle is blown and doesn't count in the National Football League?

Let's say the following scenario occurs. A quarterback throws a screen pass, and the player drops it. There is a whistle for an incomplete pass, and a player on defense grabs the ball and returns it ...