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Questions tagged [officiating]

Questions about the application and enforcement of rules and regulations by the officials engaged in a sport. Questions must also be tagged for the specific sport and/or competition.

12
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4answers
6k views

Ball touching the ground during a catch in cricket

If a fielder takes a catch and the ball touches the ground (ball is in hand only, but it’s touching the ground at the same time), is it considered as out?
5
votes
1answer
4k views

Passing back, am I offside?

I have the ball. My back is to the opponent's goal. My teammate, further from but facing the goal, is running toward me and toward the goal. Rather than turn and shoot, I pass the ball back to my ...
7
votes
5answers
8k views

What happens if a team walks off the field during a football match?

On the weekend an altercation between a referee and a play led to their team leaving the pitch. 21 minutes into the game our team was up 1-0 when allegedly the referee said to a player that he was a "...
3
votes
1answer
38 views

How does the VAR decide which camera to use?

On April 17, 2019, in the UEFA Champions League quarterfinal second leg between Manchester City and Tottenham there were some requests to VAR. In particular, one was made regarding Llorente's goal in ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

What is the difference between a Body Check and Woman's Body Check?

This image is from the Sochi Winter Olympics: Why is Women Body Checking different from a regular Body Check? I mean, pretty sure not every penalty was preceded by Women's in the match (like Women ...
3
votes
2answers
64 views

Why do NHL referees relax their penalty calls in the playoffs?

It seems that in NHL playoffs, referees tend to be a lot less likely to call a penalty. What is the reason and is this an official rule in the referee handbook or is it more of an unspoken rule?
16
votes
6answers
13k views

What is the most red cards issued by the referee in one game of soccer/football?

What is the most red cards a referee has ever issued in one game of European football? Europe Only "Top flight" leagues (e.g. Premier League, Serie A, La Liga BBVA, Eredivisie, German Bundesliga, ...
-1
votes
0answers
8 views

Can a referee change their decision on a goal [duplicate]

A goal was scored and the referee blew his whistle and directed players back to the centre for kick off. The opposition complained and so the ref went to speak with the linesman and the referee then ...
22
votes
1answer
931 views

What is the stuff referees spray on the ground in Football matches?

During the World Cup, the referees sprayed something on the ground. It looked like it was white paint, but it was foamy. It was right before a free-kick on goal. What was the stuff they sprayed on ...
29
votes
3answers
12k views

Can referees change their decision?

Let's imagine an ideal situation: A player scores a goal Before scoring, they deliberately handle the ball None of the referees notice the foul The referee validates the goal The scorer admits (...
9
votes
1answer
4k views

How detailed is penalty kick encroachment in football

The laws of the game prohibit encroaching on a penalty kick whether it is an attacking player or defending player. The keeper is supposed to remain on the line until the kick is taken but in practice ...
3
votes
2answers
95 views

What is the difference between a offside and a neutral zone infraction in the NFL?

Throughout many NFL games, there is almost always one pre-snap call, and many of those are on the offense for a small flinch. During all of the games that I have watched, I see refs calling out mostly ...
-2
votes
1answer
68 views

Football yellow cards and red cards

Can a player be given a red card for just 45 second, after which he will be allowed to continue playing again?
9
votes
3answers
548 views

Does stoppage time actually equal all non-playing time during a half?

After every half during a football (soccer) game, the refs add stoppage time to the clock to compensate for lost time due to injuries and penalties. But how closely does stoppage time equal real game ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is there often more additional time in the second half versus the first half?

In football (at least in Europe), the second half of a football match almost always gets a longer additional time (seems to be 3 minutes on average) than the first half (seems to be 1 minute on ...
3
votes
2answers
563 views

Half time duration

I have read through the FIFA laws of the game and can see that the half time interval says: Half-time interval Players are entitled to an interval at half-time. The half-time interval must not exceed ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Is it an offside in this case?

When two players are facing the goalkeeper alone. and the first player passes the ball to the second and he scores. notes: The moment when the ball was passed to the first player none of the two ...
21
votes
1answer
75k views

What is the maximum number of red cards that a referee can give in a football match?

What is the greatest possible number of red cards that a referee can give in a football match? Does such a limit even exist? If so, does it vary from league to league and tournament to tournament?
1
vote
2answers
70 views

What is the call when a runner misses 2nd base on a 1st to 3rd and a dead ball call?

runner on 1st. ball is hit to outfield. runner advances to 3rd missing 2nd base. the throw coming in to 3rd base goes into dugout. What is the proper call?
12
votes
3answers
18k views

What or who decides whether extra time is given in football?

How is extra time decided to be given in football, either when the teams have scored the same number of goals, or when one team has scored more goals? Can teams have extra time by requesting it, in ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

When is the ball out in football?

In this video of Ajax versus Real Madrid, accompanying an article, you can see around 2:22 that there was much controversy about a ball being out or not. With the help of the VAR it was decided after ...
5
votes
3answers
17k views

End of the game: does the referee have to wait for the end of an action to blow the final whistle or can they do it whenever they want?

I was watching today's World Cup game between France and Switzerland. At the end of the game the referee blew the final whistle while the French team was attacking and right after a French player ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Which runner is out? [duplicate]

There is 1 out. There is a runner on first, and the ball is hit to the second baseman. The second baseman gets the ball and runs towards first. The runner on first stays on 1st base and the batter ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

Can a trainer force a player to be substituted?

In the final between Chelsea and Manchester City, Chelsea goalkeeper Kepa refused to be substituted, enraging his coach Sarri. Apparently, a few years ago, Messi acted the same way with his coach ...
24
votes
5answers
11k views

Does the batsman get runs on No ball when the team requires only 1 run to win?

Suppose, A batsman is on strike with 98 runs. The scores are level so the batting team requires only 1 run to win. Now suppose in the next ball, the bowler bowls a No ball and the batsman hits FOUR or ...
4
votes
1answer
41 views

What rules govern touchdowns/touchbacks if there is a fumble involved?

I have a question specifically about a passage of the official NFL 2018 rulebook (https://operations.nfl.com/media/3277/2018-nfl-rulebook_final-version.pdf). Please take a look at Rule 3 - Section 2 -...
7
votes
1answer
7k views

When will a bowler's delivery be declared as a dead ball?

What is the term dead ball mean in Cricket? and When will be a bowler's delivery considered as a dead ball?
6
votes
2answers
8k views

What are the roles of the various officials in badminton?

At a Badminton tournament, a lot of different officials can be seen: There are obviously line judges and umpires, but from time to time we also see other technical officials coming on court. What do ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

How much protection do NHL referees wear?

I'm wondering how much protection NHL referees wear aside the helmet. I've seen referees that had to either leave game or where on ice for a long time after getting hit or falling awkwardly. Those ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Meaning of penalty cards

At the 2016 All-England finals, Wang Shixian was shown a yellow and a red card. This Guardian article even has a picture of a black card. What do these cards mean, and when are they typically shown?
-1
votes
2answers
77 views

Inbound basketball passed outside the court, then dribbled in

I was watching a local college basketball game last night (SSAC) and saw something I really don’t understand, so I thought I would do some research. I’ve come up empty so far. The opposing team was ...
0
votes
1answer
104 views

Reviewing a penalty in the NFL

The referees ruled that the Jets had too many defensive players on the field by a review in their game on December 23, 2018. Can you review offside, holding, or any penalty for that matter?
9
votes
1answer
4k views

How do I become a Badminton umpire?

What are the steps to becoming a recognized Badminton umpire, eventually at the Olympics? What resources are helpful in becoming a (good) umpire?
1
vote
1answer
464 views

What is the frequency of overs to introduce a “new” ball? [duplicate]

In ODI and Test they introduce a new ball in between the course of the match,which favours the seamers. What is frequency of overs in test matches for a new ball to be introduced,because it is a ...
5
votes
1answer
865 views

Is it a fault: penetrate under the net when the feet are completely in opponent's space, but not on the court?

It is easier to watch this video (vk.com, Russian social network) than explain Libero of Sada Cruzeiro flew to the opponent's side but didn't touch the court with his feets. At the same time, his ...
0
votes
1answer
364 views

offside interpretation in soccer. Deflection of a back pass by a forward that hits defender and deflects instead forward

The ball goes forward to an attacker who is re-entering from an off side position. The attacker gains control, turns and shoots toward goal. Is the play to be diss allowed for an offside pass?
9
votes
2answers
2k views

What happens if a cricket team has more than 11 fielders?

What is the rule concerning the violation of a 11 player rule? What if the team fielding 12 players played half an inning without anybody noticing it? The game was a 20 over/side game and each team ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

What is the distinction between a play that counts after the whistle is blown and doesn't count in the National Football League?

Let's say the following scenario occurs. A quarterback throws a screen pass, and the player drops it. There is a whistle for an incomplete pass, and a player on defense grabs the ball and returns it ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

What do football (soccer) referees do during halftime?

What do football referees do and where do they go during halftime? Is there a protocol or are there particular rules they have to obey during that time, like restrictions who to communicate with? Is ...
10
votes
2answers
3k views

What do referees do during halftime?

This question largely pertains to basketball and American football. I've seen footage from the team locker rooms during halftime where the coaches and players go over issues from the first half that ...
5
votes
1answer
292 views

Does NFL have substitute referees?

The line judge Sarah Thomas got hit during Green Bay Packers vs Minnesota Vikings game in week 16 of 2016 season. She was taken off the field for further evaluation. So given that she was not on the ...
8
votes
1answer
148 views

Is there any guideline the NFL uses to refrain from calling a penalty due to unusual celebrations or mass reactions?

In the NFL's NFC Divisional playoff game on 2018-01-14 between Minnesota and New Orleans, Minnesota's Stephon Diggs scored a touchdown as time expired in the fourth quarter to take the lead and thus ...
3
votes
1answer
355 views

Can the third umpire overturn a decision without being referred from the field?

In cricket, one of the officials is the third umpire. Usually, they deliver a decision only when there is a referral from the on-field umpires or from a team in UDRS. Can the third umpire give or ...
4
votes
1answer
103 views

Would tipped pass be a 2 or 3 pointer?

I was playing in a basketball league that follows NCAA rules. A scenario happened where we players and referees did not know the exact answer and cannot find a specific rule explanation online. My ...
17
votes
5answers
4k views

What happens if a suspended player is used in match and the referee didn't notice

If a player gets a 2 match suspension and the referee fails to observe that this is the case until half time and his team uses him during the suspension period what penalty do the rules allow for in ...
52
votes
7answers
7k views

How is offside determined in football?

The offside rule on the pitch is often unclear and called suddenly. How do I know if a player is offside?
4
votes
2answers
160 views

Is a running back allowed to toss the football out of bounds to stop the clock?

This question applies to all levels of American football from pee wee football all the way up to the NFL. If a running back is past the line of scrimmage and is running towards the sideline with the ...
2
votes
1answer
206 views

Why does a basketball ref raise the second arm when a 3-pt shot falls?

When a basketball player shoots a 3-point shot, I've noticed that a referee will raise one arm straight over his head while the ball is in the air. This presumably signals to everyone that the shot is,...
10
votes
5answers
722 views

What if a shot going for 4 interfered by the spectators in cricket game?

This actually happened to the recent club cricket game that I played last week. We needed 6 runs off 11 balls and had 3 wickets in hand. One of the batsman played a shot and ball was rolling slowly ...
6
votes
1answer
5k views

What determines if a hand pass is legal in the NHL?

What are the conditions that make a hand pass legal or illegal? I have seen players swat the puck to a teammate and not get whistled for the a hand pass and I have see players get whistled for what ...