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Questions tagged [officiating]

Questions about the application and enforcement of rules and regulations by the officials engaged in a sport. Questions must also be tagged for the specific sport and/or competition.

52
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7answers
7k views

How is offside determined in football?

The offside rule on the pitch is often unclear and called suddenly. How do I know if a player is offside?
29
votes
3answers
12k views

Can referees change their decision?

Let's imagine an ideal situation: A player scores a goal Before scoring, they deliberately handle the ball None of the referees notice the foul The referee validates the goal The scorer admits (...
24
votes
5answers
11k views

Does the batsman get runs on No ball when the team requires only 1 run to win?

Suppose, A batsman is on strike with 98 runs. The scores are level so the batting team requires only 1 run to win. Now suppose in the next ball, the bowler bowls a No ball and the batsman hits FOUR or ...
23
votes
4answers
4k views

Why is the referee treated so different in soccer and rugby

Recently, in Dutch amateur football, a linesmen died after being attacked by players. This terrible news was directly the reason for the Dutch football association, KNVB, to apply some rules with ...
22
votes
1answer
931 views

What is the stuff referees spray on the ground in Football matches?

During the World Cup, the referees sprayed something on the ground. It looked like it was white paint, but it was foamy. It was right before a free-kick on goal. What was the stuff they sprayed on ...
21
votes
1answer
74k views

What is the maximum number of red cards that a referee can give in a football match?

What is the greatest possible number of red cards that a referee can give in a football match? Does such a limit even exist? If so, does it vary from league to league and tournament to tournament?
20
votes
1answer
2k views

Can the second-to-last defender cause an offside by leaving the field of play?

I had a little conversation one of my football friends and we had this interesting situation come up during the conversation. As I understand the offside rule, the offending player should not be ...
20
votes
1answer
3k views

Are referees biased toward the home team?

Inspired by this question but hopefully different enough to warrant a different question. I often hear fans complaining that the "home team always gets the calls", which means that more fouls are ...
20
votes
2answers
2k views

Why do umpires indicate whether a caught fly ball is fair or foul?

If a batter pops up or flies out down a base line, and the fielder catching the ball is within a couple feet of the foul line, the umpire will always signal the out, and then "fair" or "foul" ...
19
votes
4answers
32k views

Why was offside introduced, and are there reasons for keeping it?

The offside rule in football ( How is offside determined in soccer?) is the source of a large amount of goal-related controvesy, and is argued by some to diminish the entertainment value of the game. ...
17
votes
5answers
4k views

What happens if a suspended player is used in match and the referee didn't notice

If a player gets a 2 match suspension and the referee fails to observe that this is the case until half time and his team uses him during the suspension period what penalty do the rules allow for in ...
16
votes
6answers
13k views

What is the most red cards issued by the referee in one game of soccer/football?

What is the most red cards a referee has ever issued in one game of European football? Europe Only "Top flight" leagues (e.g. Premier League, Serie A, La Liga BBVA, Eredivisie, German Bundesliga, ...
15
votes
2answers
3k views

As a defensive lineman, can I intentionally encroach to stop the clock?

If a defense is facing a tough situation with no timeouts left, it is difficult to stop the clock. Your options are very limited - you hope the offense passes and you can bat it down, or you hope you ...
15
votes
2answers
4k views

Do players get yellow cards when they remove their jersey during celebrations?

If a player receives a first caution (yellow card) during the game and the same player scores a goal and removes his jersey will he be dismissed from the field of play and shown a red card?
15
votes
1answer
6k views

How are individual turnovers determined on errant passes?

When determining turnovers for a given player, how exactly are they determined? Wikipedia defines turnovers as In basketball, a turnover occurs when a player from one team gives possession to a ...
14
votes
6answers
19k views

Is the runner on first forced to run?

Looking for some clarification on this situation that came up today: There is one out and a runner on first base (R1). The batter hits a fly ball in the infield. The first baseman (1st) makes an ...
13
votes
1answer
4k views

What happen when two players touch the finish rope at same time in running?

I don't know whether it would happen or not. My question is, What happen if two athletes touched the finish rope at the same time in running(irrespective of distance either it may be 100m or long ...
12
votes
2answers
15k views

What makes a formation illegal?

Sometimes the referee will flag a team for having an "illegal formation". What are the restrictions on how a team is allowed to line up?
12
votes
3answers
34k views

How does the referee communicate with players in football(soccer) matches, when they are from different countries?

I always see in TV referees communicating with the players in international football matches(both club and national competitions). It seems to be universal: not only in European matches, but also in ...
12
votes
2answers
12k views

Why do the 5th and 6th officials need magic wands, and what do they do?

The 5th and 6th officials (if that's what they're called) that run the goal line in Euro 2012 can be seen holding "wands" in their hands; Does anyone know what they are?
12
votes
4answers
651 views

Was Jelavić's goal offside?

Nikica Jelavić was clearly in an offside position when he received the ball and scored, in Croatia's 3-1 win over Ireland, for Euro 2012. Having received the ball through one of Ireland's defenders ...
12
votes
3answers
18k views

What or who decides whether extra time is given in football?

How is extra time decided to be given in football, either when the teams have scored the same number of goals, or when one team has scored more goals? Can teams have extra time by requesting it, in ...
12
votes
1answer
38k views

When is the new ball due for all forms of cricket?

Is there a standard time fixed in Test, ODI and T20 formats of Cricket, when a fielding side captain can ask for a new ball? If the captain of the fielding side doesn't ask for a new ball, will he be ...
11
votes
2answers
236 views

In the Benfica vs Man Utd match, why did the referee point to his watch after the goal?

In the Champions League match between Benfica and Manchester United that happened on Oct 18, 2017, Rashford took a freekick, the Benfica goalkeeper misjudged the angle and trajectory of the freekick ...
11
votes
3answers
3k views

Advantage played on offside

Team A is with the ball and attacking. Team B is the defending team. Can team B play an advantage on an offside by team A?
11
votes
3answers
6k views

Ball touching the ground during a catch in cricket

If a fielder takes a catch and the ball touches the ground (ball is in hand only, but it’s touching the ground at the same time), is it considered as out?
10
votes
3answers
5k views

Where does the assistant referee watch to realize when a soccer player is offside?

How is it possible for the assistant referee to realize when a player is offside? If the assistant referee is in line with the last forward, how can he see when the ball leaves the other player if he ...
10
votes
2answers
44k views

How much does a referee/umpire earn in a year?

Is it possible to create an approximate draw with the earning of the referee in the most important sports(Soccer/Basketball/Volleyball/Tennis/Cricket etc.)?
10
votes
2answers
461 views

Why wasn't Schwartz's challenge during the Thanksgiving Lions/Texans reviewed?

During the Nov 22, 2012 Detroit Lions/Houston Texans game, Lions head coach Jim Schwartz challenged a scoring play where the runner appeared to be down by contact. Since scoring plays are ...
10
votes
3answers
3k views

Where should the play restart from an offside?

I got my referee license recently, and am wondering where the restart should be for an offside offense. One instructor told me the second to last defender, while another told me where the attacker ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

The “four hits” fault

Let me describe a specific situation: Team A serves the ball. Team B executes three hits to return it - they pass the ball, set it and then attack. After the attack, the ball touches both the top ...
10
votes
2answers
48k views

What is the procedure to become a Cricket Umpire?

In cricket how does someone become an umpire at international level? Is there some procedure for this? How are they selected and what is the criteria for this?
10
votes
1answer
1k views

What do football (soccer) referees do during halftime?

What do football referees do and where do they go during halftime? Is there a protocol or are there particular rules they have to obey during that time, like restrictions who to communicate with? Is ...
10
votes
2answers
5k views

Change of strike in case of batsman is bowled?

Our bowler banged it in short of length, in line with the off stump, and the batsman swings across the line sending the ball straight up over the pitch. Both batsmen immediately set off for the run ...
10
votes
1answer
787 views

Match lost because of Umpire's obstruction

Imagine a situation where the batting team needs a boundary to win last ball. If the batsman hits it straight where no fielder is present and it got obstructed by the umpire, what will be in favor of ...
10
votes
1answer
11k views

Stumping from fast bowling?

Is it possible to dismiss a batsman by stumping off a fast bowler with the wicket keeper not standing up to the stumps? To be more specific, for stumping a batsman, is it mandatory to keep the ball ...
10
votes
2answers
3k views

What do referees do during halftime?

This question largely pertains to basketball and American football. I've seen footage from the team locker rooms during halftime where the coaches and players go over issues from the first half that ...
10
votes
5answers
718 views

What if a shot going for 4 interfered by the spectators in cricket game?

This actually happened to the recent club cricket game that I played last week. We needed 6 runs off 11 balls and had 3 wickets in hand. One of the batsman played a shot and ball was rolling slowly ...
9
votes
2answers
5k views

Why is a penalty not given if a goal comes right after the foul?

In the game between Spain and Russia, in the World Cup 2018, one Russian defender (Ignashevich) tackled a Spanish player (Ramos) inside the Russian penalty area (video here or here). This was ...
9
votes
4answers
4k views

What other sports have an offside rule other than football?

The offside rules has a major impact on the way football is played by making it more difficult to play a simple offside trap or in the past by stopping "goal hanging". I was wondering what other ...
9
votes
5answers
10k views

Yellow card and red card in cricket

Yellow and red cards are given in some team sports like rugby,football etc. Is there a practice of issuing these cards in cricket? I heard that Billy Bowden gave yellow card for shane warne, and ...
9
votes
1answer
4k views

How detailed is penalty kick encroachment in football

The laws of the game prohibit encroaching on a penalty kick whether it is an attacking player or defending player. The keeper is supposed to remain on the line until the kick is taken but in practice ...
9
votes
1answer
354 views

Why did Verratti get a card for this back pass?

During the match between PSG and Nantes, Marco Verratti was cautioned (received a yellow card) for this pass to the goalkeeper, which was headed back rather than kicked. I believe the referee has ...
9
votes
1answer
33k views

What is the maximum number of overs allowed to bowl in a single day of a test match?

Minimum number of overs allowed per day in a test cricket match is 90. What is the maximum number of overs allowed to bowl? If 2 or 3 more overs required to win the match means, who will decide ...
9
votes
1answer
4k views

Do offences that lead a to a penalty inside the penalty box always result in a red card?

I read somewhere that a red card should automatically be awarded if a defender hand balls the soccer ball in the penalty area. I do not know whether this is substantiated, it seems rather harsh if the ...
9
votes
2answers
18k views

What is the rule for wide ball during reverse hit or switch hit?

It is permitted for a batsman to reverse or switch his bat from right to left or vice versa for getting runs. If they missed the ball means, what is the rule there regarding wide? To be more clear, ...
9
votes
3answers
547 views

Does stoppage time actually equal all non-playing time during a half?

After every half during a football (soccer) game, the refs add stoppage time to the clock to compensate for lost time due to injuries and penalties. But how closely does stoppage time equal real game ...
9
votes
1answer
3k views

What should a referee do if he physically obstructs a player?

In the Euro 2012 match between Spain and Ireland, the referee actually ended up tackling down a player who was receiving the ball from his defense and moving off to dribble through the incoming ...
9
votes
1answer
4k views

How do I become a Badminton umpire?

What are the steps to becoming a recognized Badminton umpire, eventually at the Olympics? What resources are helpful in becoming a (good) umpire?
9
votes
1answer
183 views

Why have the number of power play opportunities steadily decreased since the 2005-2006 NHL season?

According to NHL stats found here, the number of total power play opportunities went from: 14,390 during the 2005-2006 season to 10,227 during the 2008-2009 season to 8,055 during the 2013-2014 ...