Questions tagged [officiating]

Questions about the application and enforcement of rules and regulations by the officials engaged in a sport. Questions must also be tagged for the specific sport and/or competition.

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12
votes
3answers
40k views

How does the referee communicate with players in football(soccer) matches, when they are from different countries?

I always see in TV referees communicating with the players in international football matches(both club and national competitions). It seems to be universal: not only in European matches, but also in ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

How long does advantage last in football?

I've seen the referee award advantage (and the announcer will indicate as much). I get the sense that advantage only lasts for the next couple of touches. I've seen possession get turned over and a ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Can a player in a lawn tennis match request that the umpire be changed?

If, during a lawn tennis match, one or both players request the match commissioner or the tournament organisers to substitute the umpire of the match, can the request be granted for any reasons at all?...
1
vote
1answer
533 views

What's challenging?

How does "challenging" work? On close line calls, sometimes there is a graphic showing whether the shuttle was in or out, but other times players just discuss with the umpire, and the match goes on. ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

No ball for being too high, but the ball is played by the batsman

A ball above head height of an upright standing striker is by definition unfair. But if a batsman hits that ball, is it still a no ball, and is the bowler warned for a dangerous delivery?
2
votes
2answers
126 views
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Association football: when is a player no longer in offside position? [duplicate]

I have never found an answer to this simple question, in the rules of Association Football, nor from any "experts" (who usually do not even understand what the question is about). Suppose a player ...
1
vote
1answer
962 views

What is a 0 (zero) step?

I have been watching James Harden and his "creative" ways to take extra steps without being called for a travel. One concept that he uses is a "0 step." I'm having a hard time figuring out what a 0 ...
4
votes
1answer
125 views

In football, how should the referee deal with possible offside situations involving attacking/defending players off the field of play?

I personally think this is one of the most confusing aspects of the Laws of the Game. In particular, I'm referring to these two paragraphs (Law 11.4): (Defending players off the field of play) ...
21
votes
1answer
3k views

Can the second-to-last defender cause an offside by leaving the field of play?

I had a little conversation one of my football friends and we had this interesting situation come up during the conversation. As I understand the offside rule, the offending player should not be ...
3
votes
3answers
687 views

When has a fan stepped in as the 4th official after a linesman got injured?

A local referee David Thornhill (Norwich City fan and qualified referee, who also featured in Saturday’s match day programme) stepped in as fourth official when assistant referee Mark Jones was forced ...
7
votes
1answer
8k views

When will a bowler's delivery be declared as a dead ball?

What is the term dead ball mean in Cricket? and When will be a bowler's delivery considered as a dead ball?
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Who scores in 0 outs, bases loaded, missed base at 2nd, on a deep foul fly in right field tag

0 outs, B4 hits deep fly to right catches but everyone is wheeling (and they drop relay ball is rolling around), R3 tags on third and scores, 2 misses third and scores, R1 behind him scores, BR ...
1
vote
2answers
904 views

In football, is it offside if an attacker passes backwards but it deflects forward of a defender?

An attacker passes the ball backwards but it hits a defender and deflects forward to another attacker coming from an an offside position. The attacker gains control, turns and shoots toward goal. Is ...
16
votes
6answers
14k views

What is the most red cards issued by the referee in one game of soccer/football?

What is the most red cards a referee has ever issued in one game of European football? Europe Only "Top flight" leagues (e.g. Premier League, Serie A, La Liga BBVA, Eredivisie, German Bundesliga, ...
1
vote
3answers
437 views

In little league, can an umpire change their ruling based on advice from coaching staff?

In a little league championship game, there have been two outs, with a man on second. The batter hits a home run. The batter runs bases and gets home, but the outfield team notice that he didn't step ...
2
votes
0answers
194 views

How are judges chosen in MMA/UFC fights?

Judges in MMA sometimes make questionable decisions over bouts. So I was wondering, what exactly makes a person qualify to be a judge on professional MMA fights? What criteria is set for someone to be ...
6
votes
3answers
17k views

What is meant by “ineligible receiver downfield?”

In (American) football, only the running backs and ends (but not offensive linemen) are supposed to (try to) catch passes. Because of that fact, an offensive team can be penalized if its linemen are ...
1
vote
3answers
148 views

Can an umpire overturn a call in little league?

We had a weird call overturned after a play in a little league game 9-10 years old, Cal Ripken rules. We had a runner score a run, everything seemed normal. The pitcher got the ball back, our on ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

How does a body check affect the ruling on Delay of Game penalty call?

In the NHL (and other leagues and levels I'm sure), a 2 minute minor penalty is assessed when a defender in his own zone clears the puck over the high boards. This penalty is waived if the clearing ...
7
votes
1answer
8k views

When should the playing 11 be decided in a cricket match?

I often see a thing in the cricket match broadcast, that the captains are on the pitch with a match official(commentator) and the toss would be done. Then the two captains will talk about the pitch ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Is Drop-kick allowed when free kick is awarded inside the box

On Sunday, in Liverpool vs United, on 93rd minute Mata was given offside, both the refs had given offside (they showed offside signs and ref whistles too). Alisson caught the ball and took a drop-kick ...
-1
votes
1answer
938 views

Salah's goal assisted by Alisson Becker was not offside why? [duplicate]

Mo Salah's goal against Manchester United was not awarded offside. Plz tell me why as I did not understand it clearly.
53
votes
7answers
9k views

How is offside determined in football?

The offside rule on the pitch is often unclear and called suddenly. How do I know if a player is offside?
2
votes
2answers
471 views

Confusion on offside rule

While watching the Liverpool vs Manchester United Premier League game in January 2020, I got confused on the offside rule when Salah scored a goal. Salah was well offside when Allison passed the ball ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

How much arm is one allowed to use when boxing out in basketball? Are they different offense/defense?

I'm 6"4' 250 lbs and while that's certainly not "big/tall" for NBA, I'm usually the tallest/heaviest (or at the very least, amongst one of the) when playing with people in my community. Oftentimes, I ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Consequences if player(s) argue(s) with referee

In my recent question, I received the answer to whether a 1-point penalty was actually applied in official rules. Philip Kendall provided that it was considered impolite conduct and the offending team ...
9
votes
1answer
8k views

How detailed is penalty kick encroachment in football

The laws of the game prohibit encroaching on a penalty kick whether it is an attacking player or defending player. The keeper is supposed to remain on the line until the kick is taken but in practice ...
3
votes
0answers
62 views

Are tennis rackets checked by officials before matches?

Following this question I started looking for evidence that rackets in tennis were checked by officials, at least on the ATP tour, but couldn't find some. I was able to find the regulations for racket ...
6
votes
3answers
22k views

End of the game: does the referee have to wait for the end of an action to blow the final whistle or can they do it whenever they want?

I was watching today's World Cup game between France and Switzerland. At the end of the game the referee blew the final whistle while the French team was attacking and right after a French player ...
4
votes
2answers
162 views

Why do referees suddenly care so much whether or not the goalkeeper has a foot on the goal line during a penalty kick?

During the Women's World Cup 2019, the Nigerian goalkeeper defended a penalty kick in the 75th minute only for it to be retaken due to the fact that she did not have a foot on the goal line as the ...
3
votes
1answer
9k views

What counts as a foot fault when serving and when attacking from the back court?

In volleyball, what exactly is considered a foot fault when a) serving? b) attacking from the back court part (i.e. by a player from the back row)? Three possible options come to mind: * players ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Why is there no umpires call with DRS ball pitching?

When a team either reviews to get a wicket or to over turn a wicket, there is umpires call for impact in line with the stumps and impact of the stumps. When the ball is close to pitching in line ...
2
votes
2answers
104 views

Second yellow in football

If a player deserves a second yellow should play stop immediately or can advantage be played and then the player sent off later?
0
votes
2answers
35 views

Interrupted Advantage Play

I am struggling to understand something about the advantage rule in football. What should happen when there is given advantage by the ref and after that there is a handball (talking about Ajax vs ...
4
votes
1answer
837 views

Player looses boot after tackle

We had an incident during a recent game where a player was tackled causing him to loose his boot. The referee deemed the tackle fair and failed to award a free kick. Our player indicated to the ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Is it a fault: penetrate under the net when the feet are completely in opponent's space, but not on the court?

It is easier to watch this video (vk.com, Russian social network) than explain Libero of Sada Cruzeiro flew to the opponent's side but didn't touch the court with his feet. At the same time, his feet ...
-1
votes
1answer
50 views

Referee reaction for blocked service

Blocking a service obviously is not allowed and barely present in competitive volleyball. but it is one of the possible errors. how will the main referee show that (as per, brushing finger tips for ...
3
votes
2answers
342 views

Inbound basketball passed outside the court, then dribbled in

I was watching a local college basketball game last night (SSAC) and saw something I really don’t understand, so I thought I would do some research. I’ve come up empty so far. The opposing team was ...
4
votes
3answers
6k views

Is it allowed to hit the ball twice to save the wicket?

If the batsman hit the ball and hits the ball while going to the wicket if he stops the ball by the bat he is out or not out?
1
vote
2answers
10k views

Is pulling shirts allowed in football? If not, why is it unpenalized?

In many matches, defenders can be seen pulling the shirts of opppnents during corner kicks and free kicks. But referees never called a foul or award a free kick or penalty to the opposition. Is ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Are World Cup refs all the same gender as the teams?

I am watching the Women's soccer/football World Cup. So far, all the refs I have seen have been women. Now that I think about it, during the men's World Cup I only saw men as refs. Is this in fact ...
3
votes
1answer
198 views

In football, a player is to be cautioned if he 'shows a lack of respect for the game': what does this mean?

Although the Laws of the Game say a player must be cautioned if he's guilty of unsporting behaviour, a direct definition of what constitutes "unsporting behaviour" is never provided (apart from a very ...
10
votes
1answer
13k views

Stumping from fast bowling?

Is it possible to dismiss a batsman by stumping off a fast bowler with the wicket keeper not standing up to the stumps? To be more specific, for stumping a batsman, is it mandatory to keep the ball ...
2
votes
1answer
13k views

Number of whistles by referees defined in the rules or is it just a guideline?

When starting a game a whistle is blown by the referee only once. At the end of the 1st half the referee blows the whistle 2 times. At the end of the game the referee blows the whistle 3 times. Is ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

What is the best view to decide a run out?

In cricket, what's the best angle to view if a batsman is out or not out in a run out scenario? Is it from an angle where the umpire runs to (so on the sides) or is it from the bowlers' end?
25
votes
5answers
15k views

Does the batsman get runs on No ball when the team requires only 1 run to win?

Suppose, A batsman is on strike with 98 runs. The scores are level so the batting team requires only 1 run to win. Now suppose in the next ball, the bowler bowls a No ball and the batsman hits FOUR or ...
9
votes
3answers
13k views

Who is out if both batsmen end up at the same end and at the other end fielders hit the stumps?

Consider the following situation, Batsmen A and B are playing, A is facing the ball and hits the ball inside the ground. Both of them running between the wickets and meet at the centre of the pitch, ...
6
votes
1answer
10k views

What determines if a hand pass is legal in the NHL?

What are the conditions that make a hand pass legal or illegal? I have seen players swat the puck to a teammate and not get whistled for the a hand pass and I have see players get whistled for what ...
11
votes
1answer
4k views

What should a referee do if he physically obstructs a player?

In the Euro 2012 match between Spain and Ireland, the referee actually ended up tackling down a player who was receiving the ball from his defense and moving off to dribble through the incoming ...

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