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Questions tagged [officiating]

Questions about the application and enforcement of rules and regulations by the officials engaged in a sport. Questions must also be tagged for the specific sport and/or competition.

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3
votes
1answer
8k views

What counts as a foot fault when serving and when attacking from the back court?

In volleyball, what exactly is considered a foot fault when a) serving? b) attacking from the back court part (i.e. by a player from the back row)? Three possible options come to mind: * players ...
0
votes
1answer
12 views

Why is there no umpires call with DRS ball pitching?

When a team either reviews to get a wicket or to over turn a wicket, there is umpires call for impact in line with the stumps and impact of the stumps. When the ball is close to pitching in line ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

What is a 0 (zero) step?

I have been watching James Harden and his "creative" ways to take extra steps without being called for a travel. One concept that he uses is a "0 step." I'm having a hard time figuring out what a 0 ...
2
votes
2answers
61 views

Second yellow in football

If a player deserves a second yellow should play stop immediately or can advantage be played and then the player sent off later?
0
votes
2answers
24 views

Interrupted Advantage Play

I am struggling to understand something about the advantage rule in football. What should happen when there is given advantage by the ref and after that there is a handball (talking about Ajax vs ...
1
vote
0answers
12 views

How are judges chosen in MMA/UFC fights?

Judges in MMA sometimes make questionable decisions over bouts. So I was wondering, what exactly makes a person qualify to be a judge on professional MMA fights? What criteria is set for someone to be ...
4
votes
1answer
685 views

Player looses boot after tackle

We had an incident during a recent game where a player was tackled causing him to loose his boot. The referee deemed the tackle fair and failed to award a free kick. Our player indicated to the ...
1
vote
1answer
650 views

Offside interpretation in soccer. A backward pass hits a defender and deflects forward

An attacker passes the ball backwards but it hits a defender and deflects forward to another attacker coming from an an offside position. The attacker gains control, turns and shoots toward goal. Is ...
2
votes
3answers
123 views

Can an umpire overturn a call in little league?

We had a weird call overturned after a play in a little league game 9-10 years old, Cal Ripken rules. We had a runner score a run, everything seemed normal. The pitcher got the ball back, our on ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Is it a fault: penetrate under the net when the feet are completely in opponent's space, but not on the court?

It is easier to watch this video (vk.com, Russian social network) than explain Libero of Sada Cruzeiro flew to the opponent's side but didn't touch the court with his feet. At the same time, his feet ...
-1
votes
1answer
46 views

Referee reaction for blocked service

Blocking a service obviously is not allowed and barely present in competitive volleyball. but it is one of the possible errors. how will the main referee show that (as per, brushing finger tips for ...
1
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2answers
73 views
3
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2answers
139 views

Inbound basketball passed outside the court, then dribbled in

I was watching a local college basketball game last night (SSAC) and saw something I really don’t understand, so I thought I would do some research. I’ve come up empty so far. The opposing team was ...
4
votes
3answers
6k views

Is it allowed to hit the ball twice to save the wicket?

If the batsman hit the ball and hits the ball while going to the wicket if he stops the ball by the bat he is out or not out?
1
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2answers
8k views

Is pulling shirts allowed in football? If not, why is it unpenalized?

In many matches, defenders can be seen pulling the shirts of opppnents during corner kicks and free kicks. But referees never called a foul or award a free kick or penalty to the opposition. Is ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Are World Cup refs all the same gender as the teams?

I am watching the Women's soccer/football World Cup. So far, all the refs I have seen have been women. Now that I think about it, during the men's World Cup I only saw men as refs. Is this in fact ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

In football, a player is to be cautioned if he 'shows a lack of respect for the game': what does this mean?

Although the Laws of the Game say a player must be cautioned if he's guilty of unsporting behaviour, a direct definition of what constitutes "unsporting behaviour" is never provided (apart from a very ...
4
votes
1answer
77 views

In football, how should the referee deal with possible offside situations involving attacking/defending players off the field of play?

I personally think this is one of the most confusing aspects of the Laws of the Game. In particular, I'm referring to these two paragraphs (Law 11.4): (Defending players off the field of play) ...
10
votes
1answer
12k views

Stumping from fast bowling?

Is it possible to dismiss a batsman by stumping off a fast bowler with the wicket keeper not standing up to the stumps? To be more specific, for stumping a batsman, is it mandatory to keep the ball ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

Are tennis rackets checked by officials before matches?

Following this question I started looking for evidence that rackets in tennis were checked by officials, at least on the ATP tour, but couldn't find some. I was able to find the regulations for racket ...
2
votes
1answer
10k views

Number of whistles by referees defined in the rules or is it just a guideline?

When starting a game a whistle is blown by the referee only once. At the end of the 1st half the referee blows the whistle 2 times. At the end of the game the referee blows the whistle 3 times. Is ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

What is the best view to decide a run out?

In cricket, what's the best angle to view if a batsman is out or not out in a run out scenario? Is it from an angle where the umpire runs to (so on the sides) or is it from the bowlers' end?
25
votes
5answers
13k views

Does the batsman get runs on No ball when the team requires only 1 run to win?

Suppose, A batsman is on strike with 98 runs. The scores are level so the batting team requires only 1 run to win. Now suppose in the next ball, the bowler bowls a No ball and the batsman hits FOUR or ...
9
votes
3answers
11k views

Who is out if both batsmen end up at the same end and at the other end fielders hit the stumps?

Consider the following situation, Batsmen A and B are playing, A is facing the ball and hits the ball inside the ground. Both of them running between the wickets and meet at the centre of the pitch, ...
6
votes
1answer
9k views

What determines if a hand pass is legal in the NHL?

What are the conditions that make a hand pass legal or illegal? I have seen players swat the puck to a teammate and not get whistled for the a hand pass and I have see players get whistled for what ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Is traveling/carrying no longer called for dribbling players?

As far as I know you are not supposed to let the ball stop in your hands while you are dribbling. However it seems like in modern NBA this is not enforced very often. Most recently I was watching the ...
10
votes
1answer
4k views

What should a referee do if he physically obstructs a player?

In the Euro 2012 match between Spain and Ireland, the referee actually ended up tackling down a player who was receiving the ball from his defense and moving off to dribble through the incoming ...
12
votes
3answers
7k views

Ball touching the ground during a catch in cricket

If a fielder takes a catch and the ball touches the ground (ball is in hand only, but it’s touching the ground at the same time), is it considered as out?
7
votes
1answer
4k views

Passing back, am I offside?

I have the ball. My back is to the opponent's goal. My teammate, further from but facing the goal, is running toward me and toward the goal. Rather than turn and shoot, I pass the ball back to my ...
7
votes
4answers
10k views

What happens if a team walks off the field during a football match?

On the weekend an altercation between a referee and a play led to their team leaving the pitch. 21 minutes into the game our team was up 1-0 when allegedly the referee said to a player that he was a "...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

How does the VAR decide which camera to use?

On April 17, 2019, in the UEFA Champions League quarterfinal second leg between Manchester City and Tottenham there were some requests to VAR. In particular, one was made regarding Llorente's goal in ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

What is the difference between a Body Check and Woman's Body Check?

This image is from the Sochi Winter Olympics: Why is Women Body Checking different from a regular Body Check? I mean, pretty sure not every penalty was preceded by Women's in the match (like Women ...
2
votes
2answers
216 views

Why do NHL referees relax their penalty calls in the playoffs?

It seems that in NHL playoffs, referees tend to be a lot less likely to call a penalty. What is the reason and is this an official rule in the referee handbook or is it more of an unspoken rule?
16
votes
6answers
13k views

What is the most red cards issued by the referee in one game of soccer/football?

What is the most red cards a referee has ever issued in one game of European football? Europe Only "Top flight" leagues (e.g. Premier League, Serie A, La Liga BBVA, Eredivisie, German Bundesliga, ...
22
votes
1answer
978 views

What is the stuff referees spray on the ground in Football matches?

During the World Cup, the referees sprayed something on the ground. It looked like it was white paint, but it was foamy. It was right before a free-kick on goal. What was the stuff they sprayed on ...
29
votes
3answers
13k views

Can referees change their decision?

Let's imagine an ideal situation: A player scores a goal Before scoring, they deliberately handle the ball None of the referees notice the foul The referee validates the goal The scorer admits (...
9
votes
1answer
5k views

How detailed is penalty kick encroachment in football

The laws of the game prohibit encroaching on a penalty kick whether it is an attacking player or defending player. The keeper is supposed to remain on the line until the kick is taken but in practice ...
3
votes
2answers
372 views

What is the difference between a offside and a neutral zone infraction in the NFL?

Throughout many NFL games, there is almost always one pre-snap call, and many of those are on the offense for a small flinch. During all of the games that I have watched, I see refs calling out mostly ...
-2
votes
1answer
83 views

Football yellow cards and red cards

Can a player be given a red card for just 45 second, after which he will be allowed to continue playing again?
9
votes
3answers
678 views

Does stoppage time actually equal all non-playing time during a half?

After every half during a football (soccer) game, the refs add stoppage time to the clock to compensate for lost time due to injuries and penalties. But how closely does stoppage time equal real game ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Why is there often more additional time in the second half versus the first half?

In football (at least in Europe), the second half of a football match almost always gets a longer additional time (seems to be 3 minutes on average) than the first half (seems to be 1 minute on ...
3
votes
2answers
719 views

Half time duration

I have read through the FIFA laws of the game and can see that the half time interval says: Half-time interval Players are entitled to an interval at half-time. The half-time interval must not exceed ...
1
vote
1answer
118 views

Is it an offside in this case?

When two players are facing the goalkeeper alone. and the first player passes the ball to the second and he scores. notes: The moment when the ball was passed to the first player none of the two ...
22
votes
1answer
82k views

What is the maximum number of red cards that a referee can give in a football match?

What is the greatest possible number of red cards that a referee can give in a football match? Does such a limit even exist? If so, does it vary from league to league and tournament to tournament?
1
vote
2answers
282 views

What is the call when a runner misses 2nd base on a 1st to 3rd and a dead ball call?

runner on 1st. ball is hit to outfield. runner advances to 3rd missing 2nd base. the throw coming in to 3rd base goes into dugout. What is the proper call?
12
votes
3answers
20k views

What or who decides whether extra time is given in football?

How is extra time decided to be given in football, either when the teams have scored the same number of goals, or when one team has scored more goals? Can teams have extra time by requesting it, in ...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

When is the ball out in football?

In this video of Ajax versus Real Madrid, accompanying an article, you can see around 2:22 that there was much controversy about a ball being out or not. With the help of the VAR it was decided after ...
5
votes
3answers
20k views

End of the game: does the referee have to wait for the end of an action to blow the final whistle or can they do it whenever they want?

I was watching today's World Cup game between France and Switzerland. At the end of the game the referee blew the final whistle while the French team was attacking and right after a French player ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Which runner is out? [duplicate]

There is 1 out. There is a runner on first, and the ball is hit to the second baseman. The second baseman gets the ball and runs towards first. The runner on first stays on 1st base and the batter ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

Can a trainer force a player to be substituted?

In the final between Chelsea and Manchester City, Chelsea goalkeeper Kepa refused to be substituted, enraging his coach Sarri. Apparently, a few years ago, Messi acted the same way with his coach ...