Questions tagged [officiating]

Questions about the application and enforcement of rules and regulations by the officials engaged in a sport. Questions must also be tagged for the specific sport and/or competition.

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1answer
10 views

Why is there no umpires call with DRS ball pitching?

When a team either reviews to get a wicket or to over turn a wicket, there is umpires call for impact in line with the stumps and impact of the stumps. When the ball is close to pitching in line ...
1
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1answer
34 views

What is a 0 (zero) step?

I have been watching James Harden and his "creative" ways to take extra steps without being called for a travel. One concept that he uses is a "0 step." I'm having a hard time figuring out what a 0 ...
2
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2answers
60 views

Second yellow in football

If a player deserves a second yellow should play stop immediately or can advantage be played and then the player sent off later?
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2answers
24 views

Interrupted Advantage Play

I am struggling to understand something about the advantage rule in football. What should happen when there is given advantage by the ref and after that there is a handball (talking about Ajax vs ...
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0answers
12 views

How are judges chosen in MMA/UFC fights?

Judges in MMA sometimes make questionable decisions over bouts. So I was wondering, what exactly makes a person qualify to be a judge on professional MMA fights? What criteria is set for someone to be ...
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1answer
46 views

Referee reaction for blocked service

Blocking a service obviously is not allowed and barely present in competitive volleyball. but it is one of the possible errors. how will the main referee show that (as per, brushing finger tips for ...
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2answers
72 views

Can a batsmen ask umpire to check whether the fielder touches the rope

Can a batsman ask the umpire to check whether the fielder touches the rope?
2
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1answer
102 views

In football, a player is to be cautioned if he 'shows a lack of respect for the game': what does this mean?

Although the Laws of the Game say a player must be cautioned if he's guilty of unsporting behaviour, a direct definition of what constitutes "unsporting behaviour" is never provided (apart from a very ...
4
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1answer
77 views

In football, how should the referee deal with possible offside situations involving attacking/defending players off the field of play?

I personally think this is one of the most confusing aspects of the Laws of the Game. In particular, I'm referring to these two paragraphs (Law 11.4): (Defending players off the field of play) ...
2
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0answers
51 views

Are tennis rackets checked by officials before matches?

Following this question I started looking for evidence that rackets in tennis were checked by officials, at least on the ATP tour, but couldn't find some. I was able to find the regulations for racket ...
2
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3answers
123 views

Can an umpire overturn a call in little league?

We had a weird call overturned after a play in a little league game 9-10 years old, Cal Ripken rules. We had a runner score a run, everything seemed normal. The pitcher got the ball back, our on ...
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1answer
35 views

What is the best view to decide a run out?

In cricket, what's the best angle to view if a batsman is out or not out in a run out scenario? Is it from an angle where the umpire runs to (so on the sides) or is it from the bowlers' end?
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0answers
38 views

Is traveling/carrying no longer called for dribbling players?

As far as I know you are not supposed to let the ball stop in your hands while you are dribbling. However it seems like in modern NBA this is not enforced very often. Most recently I was watching the ...
2
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1answer
72 views

How does the VAR decide which camera to use?

On April 17, 2019, in the UEFA Champions League quarterfinal second leg between Manchester City and Tottenham there were some requests to VAR. In particular, one was made regarding Llorente's goal in ...
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1answer
48 views

What is the difference between a Body Check and Woman's Body Check?

This image is from the Sochi Winter Olympics: Why is Women Body Checking different from a regular Body Check? I mean, pretty sure not every penalty was preceded by Women's in the match (like Women ...
2
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2answers
215 views

Why do NHL referees relax their penalty calls in the playoffs?

It seems that in NHL playoffs, referees tend to be a lot less likely to call a penalty. What is the reason and is this an official rule in the referee handbook or is it more of an unspoken rule?
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1answer
83 views

Football yellow cards and red cards

Can a player be given a red card for just 45 second, after which he will be allowed to continue playing again?
3
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1answer
80 views

When is the ball out in football?

In this video of Ajax versus Real Madrid, accompanying an article, you can see around 2:22 that there was much controversy about a ball being out or not. With the help of the VAR it was decided after ...
3
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1answer
85 views

Can a trainer force a player to be substituted?

In the final between Chelsea and Manchester City, Chelsea goalkeeper Kepa refused to be substituted, enraging his coach Sarri. Apparently, a few years ago, Messi acted the same way with his coach ...
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1answer
54 views

Which runner is out? [duplicate]

There is 1 out. There is a runner on first, and the ball is hit to the second baseman. The second baseman gets the ball and runs towards first. The runner on first stays on 1st base and the batter ...
3
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1answer
60 views

What rules govern touchdowns/touchbacks if there is a fumble involved?

I have a question specifically about a passage of the official NFL 2018 rulebook (https://operations.nfl.com/media/3277/2018-nfl-rulebook_final-version.pdf). Please take a look at Rule 3 - Section 2 -...
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2answers
282 views

What is the call when a runner misses 2nd base on a 1st to 3rd and a dead ball call?

runner on 1st. ball is hit to outfield. runner advances to 3rd missing 2nd base. the throw coming in to 3rd base goes into dugout. What is the proper call?
3
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2answers
370 views

What is the difference between a offside and a neutral zone infraction in the NFL?

Throughout many NFL games, there is almost always one pre-snap call, and many of those are on the offense for a small flinch. During all of the games that I have watched, I see refs calling out mostly ...
1
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1answer
650 views

Offside interpretation in soccer. A backward pass hits a defender and deflects forward

An attacker passes the ball backwards but it hits a defender and deflects forward to another attacker coming from an an offside position. The attacker gains control, turns and shoots toward goal. Is ...
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1answer
110 views

Reviewing a penalty in the NFL

The referees ruled that the Jets had too many defensive players on the field by a review in their game on December 23, 2018. Can you review offside, holding, or any penalty for that matter?
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1answer
92 views

What is the distinction between a play that counts after the whistle is blown and doesn't count in the National Football League?

Let's say the following scenario occurs. A quarterback throws a screen pass, and the player drops it. There is a whistle for an incomplete pass, and a player on defense grabs the ball and returns it ...
3
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1answer
144 views

Would tipped pass be a 2 or 3 pointer?

I was playing in a basketball league that follows NCAA rules. A scenario happened where we players and referees did not know the exact answer and cannot find a specific rule explanation online. My ...
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2answers
137 views

Inbound basketball passed outside the court, then dribbled in

I was watching a local college basketball game last night (SSAC) and saw something I really don’t understand, so I thought I would do some research. I’ve come up empty so far. The opposing team was ...
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1answer
118 views

Is it an offside in this case?

When two players are facing the goalkeeper alone. and the first player passes the ball to the second and he scores. notes: The moment when the ball was passed to the first player none of the two ...
2
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1answer
347 views

Why does a basketball ref raise the second arm when a 3-pt shot falls?

When a basketball player shoots a 3-point shot, I've noticed that a referee will raise one arm straight over his head while the ball is in the air. This presumably signals to everyone that the shot is,...
4
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2answers
206 views

Is a running back allowed to toss the football out of bounds to stop the clock?

This question applies to all levels of American football from pee wee football all the way up to the NFL. If a running back is past the line of scrimmage and is running towards the sideline with the ...
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1answer
163 views

Would you have called this a penalty?

I was reffing a boys high school soccer game. Home team player dribbled into the box and before the defender could challenge he got a shot off on net that was saved by the keeper. Half a second after ...
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1answer
265 views

What should a badminton line judge call if the shuttle hits the player?

If the shuttle hits the player then lands, what is the line judge supposed to call? If the player then hits the shuttle out on their own side (does not reach or go past the net), or hits it directly ...
4
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2answers
89 views

Multiple yellow cards at a single free kick for encroachment

Is it acceptable (or even permissible) to award more than one yellow card to encroaching players on a free kick? My memory from 15 years ago is that we were told only the first encroaching player ...
4
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2answers
397 views

Is there a fixed duration for celebration in football

In this video, you'll see on multiple occasions that a team celebrated just a tiny a bit too long, the referee let the match continue while the team is celebrating and the second team took the ...
9
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2answers
6k views

Why is a penalty not given if a goal comes right after the foul?

In the game between Spain and Russia, in the World Cup 2018, one Russian defender (Ignashevich) tackled a Spanish player (Ramos) inside the Russian penalty area (video here or here). This was ...
3
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2answers
307 views

In football, what happens when a team commits an offence for which play need not be stopped, and then scores a goal immediately after?

In the Laws of the Game, there is a small—yet non empty—set of offences for which the referee must not immediately blow his whistle as he usually does for 'normal' fouls, but must instead allow play ...
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3answers
1k views

What is the upside in allowing players to argue with referees in football?

In football, players often argue with the referees. What is the upside in allowing players to argue with referees in football? What are the incentives, for whoever makes the rules, to continue to ...
4
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2answers
1k views

What if goal happens whilst a penalty VAR review is in process?

VAR (Video Assistant Referee) is being implemented in the World Cup 2018. Sometimes, an action occurs (e.g. a penalty), but the referee does not think in the first instance that it does so. Then, as ...
2
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4answers
683 views

Can a player decline advantage after a foul?

In association football, after a foul, the referee lets play continue but the team benefiting from the advantage immediately stop playing anyway, either because they would rather have a free kick or ...
7
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1answer
2k views

Is it offside if a striker receives the ball behind all defenders and goalkeeper of the opponent?

The offside rule is between the last two players, which is usually the goalkeeper and a defender, so people just think that being in front of the last field player is not offside. But in this case, ...
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1answer
1k views

Is a fielder allowed to change position during the bowler's run up?

If a fielder standing in the gully position moves to cover point (as bowler starts his run up) before the batsman plays the ball what action will the umpire want to take? Often a fielder will move ...
5
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2answers
139 views

Leroy Sané goal vs Liverpool rebounded off Milner so was offside the correct decision?

Was the offside decision in Manchester City vs. Liverpool in the 2nd leg of the Champions League 2017/18 quarterfinals correct? Here's the video footage of the episode.
3
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1answer
616 views

Can the third umpire overturn a decision without being referred from the field?

In cricket, one of the officials is the third umpire. Usually, they deliver a decision only when there is a referral from the on-field umpires or from a team in UDRS. Can the third umpire give or ...
2
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1answer
93 views

White Sox vs Blue Jays call overturned, why was a run awarded?

This play led to an overturned call in a game between the Blue Jays and White Sox in April 2018. The bases were loaded, the ball was caught deep, and the umpire mistakenly calls a flyout. Runners ...
6
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3answers
167 views

An attempt to shield the ball ends in one player kicking another's leg. Is it is a foul and what is the result?

As a referee, I have trouble making good judgement of the following situation. While followed closely by a defender, an attacker initiates a shot before which the defender manages to get his foot ...
2
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1answer
541 views

Signal for off-side and indirect free kick in association football

In association football, I'm confused as to how the referee is expected to indicate an indirect free kick at the time of the offence. He spots the offence, blows his whistle, and then he needs to ...
5
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1answer
146 views

Is offside called when a defender plays the puck into an attacker from a delayed offside?

Suppose a delayed offside is in effect, and a member of the defending team who gains control of the puck attempts to clear it. The puck inadvertently strikes an attacker when the attacker is still ...
3
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1answer
40 views

Why might a defenceman not be penalised for interference, if they knock down or push opponents who are in or near the crease?

Interference is generally any kind of action that prevents an opponent from being able to play hockey "properly". However, sometimes a defenceman seems to interfere with an opponent near the goal ...
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3answers
469 views

When has a fan stepped in as the 4th official after a linesman got injured?

A local referee David Thornhill (Norwich City fan and qualified referee, who also featured in Saturday’s match day programme) stepped in as fourth official when assistant referee Mark Jones was forced ...