Questions tagged [officiating]

Questions about the application and enforcement of rules and regulations by the officials engaged in a sport. Questions must also be tagged for the specific sport and/or competition.

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41 views

Is this player offside? [duplicate]

Considering all opposing players are on the left side of the pitch, is player 22 offside ? I drew this on paint so please pardon the laziness. Might seem odd as a question but all opposing players are ...
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1answer
44 views

How long does advantage last in football?

I've seen the referee award advantage (and the announcer will indicate as much). I get the sense that advantage only lasts for the next couple of touches. I've seen possession get turned over and a ...
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1answer
61 views

Can a player in a lawn tennis match request that the umpire be changed?

If, during a lawn tennis match, one or both players request the match commissioner or the tournament organisers to substitute the umpire of the match, can the request be granted for any reasons at all?...
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31 views

Association football: when is a player no longer in offside position? [duplicate]

I have never found an answer to this simple question, in the rules of Association Football, nor from any "experts" (who usually do not even understand what the question is about). Suppose a player ...
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1answer
51 views

Who scores in 0 outs, bases loaded, missed base at 2nd, on a deep foul fly in right field tag

0 outs, B4 hits deep fly to right catches but everyone is wheeling (and they drop relay ball is rolling around), R3 tags on third and scores, 2 misses third and scores, R1 behind him scores, BR ...
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1answer
89 views

Is Drop-kick allowed when free kick is awarded inside the box

On Sunday, in Liverpool vs United, on 93rd minute Mata was given offside, both the refs had given offside (they showed offside signs and ref whistles too). Alisson caught the ball and took a drop-kick ...
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1answer
999 views

Salah's goal assisted by Alisson Becker was not offside why? [duplicate]

Mo Salah's goal against Manchester United was not awarded offside. Plz tell me why as I did not understand it clearly.
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2answers
550 views

Confusion on offside rule

While watching the Liverpool vs Manchester United Premier League game in January 2020, I got confused on the offside rule when Salah scored a goal. Salah was well offside when Allison passed the ball ...
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63 views

How much arm is one allowed to use when boxing out in basketball? Are they different offense/defense?

I'm 6"4' 250 lbs and while that's certainly not "big/tall" for NBA, I'm usually the tallest/heaviest (or at the very least, amongst one of the) when playing with people in my community. Oftentimes, I ...
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0answers
30 views

How does a body check affect the ruling on Delay of Game penalty call?

In the NHL (and other leagues and levels I'm sure), a 2 minute minor penalty is assessed when a defender in his own zone clears the puck over the high boards. This penalty is waived if the clearing ...
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1answer
43 views

No ball for being too high, but the ball is played by the batsman

A ball above head height of an upright standing striker is by definition unfair. But if a batsman hits that ball, is it still a no ball, and is the bowler warned for a dangerous delivery?
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1answer
71 views

Why is there no umpires call with DRS ball pitching?

When a team either reviews to get a wicket or to over turn a wicket, there is umpires call for impact in line with the stumps and impact of the stumps. When the ball is close to pitching in line ...
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1answer
1k views

What is a 0 (zero) step?

I have been watching James Harden and his "creative" ways to take extra steps without being called for a travel. One concept that he uses is a "0 step." I'm having a hard time figuring out what a 0 ...
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2answers
109 views

Second yellow in football

If a player deserves a second yellow should play stop immediately or can advantage be played and then the player sent off later?
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2answers
36 views

Interrupted Advantage Play

I am struggling to understand something about the advantage rule in football. What should happen when there is given advantage by the ref and after that there is a handball (talking about Ajax vs ...
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0answers
201 views

How are judges chosen in MMA/UFC fights?

Judges in MMA sometimes make questionable decisions over bouts. So I was wondering, what exactly makes a person qualify to be a judge on professional MMA fights? What criteria is set for someone to be ...
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1answer
50 views

Referee reaction for blocked service

Blocking a service obviously is not allowed and barely present in competitive volleyball. but it is one of the possible errors. how will the main referee show that (as per, brushing finger tips for ...
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2answers
129 views

Can a batsmen ask umpire to check whether the fielder touches the rope

Can a batsman ask the umpire to check whether the fielder touches the rope?
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2answers
162 views

Why do referees suddenly care so much whether or not the goalkeeper has a foot on the goal line during a penalty kick?

During the Women's World Cup 2019, the Nigerian goalkeeper defended a penalty kick in the 75th minute only for it to be retaken due to the fact that she did not have a foot on the goal line as the ...
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1answer
217 views

In football, a player is to be cautioned if he 'shows a lack of respect for the game': what does this mean?

Although the Laws of the Game say a player must be cautioned if he's guilty of unsporting behaviour, a direct definition of what constitutes "unsporting behaviour" is never provided (apart from a very ...
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1answer
130 views

In football, how should the referee deal with possible offside situations involving attacking/defending players off the field of play?

I personally think this is one of the most confusing aspects of the Laws of the Game. In particular, I'm referring to these two paragraphs (Law 11.4): (Defending players off the field of play) ...
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0answers
66 views

Are tennis rackets checked by officials before matches?

Following this question I started looking for evidence that rackets in tennis were checked by officials, at least on the ATP tour, but couldn't find some. I was able to find the regulations for racket ...
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3answers
155 views

Can an umpire overturn a call in little league?

We had a weird call overturned after a play in a little league game 9-10 years old, Cal Ripken rules. We had a runner score a run, everything seemed normal. The pitcher got the ball back, our on ...
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1answer
36 views

What is the best view to decide a run out?

In cricket, what's the best angle to view if a batsman is out or not out in a run out scenario? Is it from an angle where the umpire runs to (so on the sides) or is it from the bowlers' end?
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1answer
128 views

How does the VAR decide which camera to use?

On April 17, 2019, in the UEFA Champions League quarterfinal second leg between Manchester City and Tottenham there were some requests to VAR. In particular, one was made regarding Llorente's goal in ...
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1answer
70 views

What is the difference between a Body Check and Woman's Body Check?

This image is from the Sochi Winter Olympics: Why is Women Body Checking different from a regular Body Check? I mean, pretty sure not every penalty was preceded by Women's in the match (like Women ...
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2answers
250 views

Why do NHL referees relax their penalty calls in the playoffs?

It seems that in NHL playoffs, referees tend to be a lot less likely to call a penalty. What is the reason and is this an official rule in the referee handbook or is it more of an unspoken rule?
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1answer
91 views

Football yellow cards and red cards

Can a player be given a red card for just 45 second, after which he will be allowed to continue playing again?
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1answer
90 views

When is the ball out in football?

In this video of Ajax versus Real Madrid, accompanying an article, you can see around 2:22 that there was much controversy about a ball being out or not. With the help of the VAR it was decided after ...
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1answer
87 views

Can a trainer force a player to be substituted?

In the final between Chelsea and Manchester City, Chelsea goalkeeper Kepa refused to be substituted, enraging his coach Sarri. Apparently, a few years ago, Messi acted the same way with his coach ...
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1answer
55 views

Which runner is out? [duplicate]

There is 1 out. There is a runner on first, and the ball is hit to the second baseman. The second baseman gets the ball and runs towards first. The runner on first stays on 1st base and the batter ...
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1answer
97 views

What rules govern touchdowns/touchbacks if there is a fumble involved?

I have a question specifically about a passage of the official NFL 2018 rulebook (https://operations.nfl.com/media/3277/2018-nfl-rulebook_final-version.pdf). Please take a look at Rule 3 - Section 2 -...
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2answers
523 views

What is the call when a runner misses 2nd base on a 1st to 3rd and a dead ball call?

runner on 1st. ball is hit to outfield. runner advances to 3rd missing 2nd base. the throw coming in to 3rd base goes into dugout. What is the proper call?
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2answers
1k views

What is the difference between a offside and a neutral zone infraction in the NFL?

Throughout many NFL games, there is almost always one pre-snap call, and many of those are on the offense for a small flinch. During all of the games that I have watched, I see refs calling out mostly ...
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2answers
961 views

In football, is it offside if an attacker passes backwards but it deflects forward of a defender?

An attacker passes the ball backwards but it hits a defender and deflects forward to another attacker coming from an an offside position. The attacker gains control, turns and shoots toward goal. Is ...
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1answer
114 views

Reviewing a penalty in the NFL

The referees ruled that the Jets had too many defensive players on the field by a review in their game on December 23, 2018. Can you review offside, holding, or any penalty for that matter?
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1answer
145 views

What is the distinction between a play that counts after the whistle is blown and doesn't count in the National Football League?

Let's say the following scenario occurs. A quarterback throws a screen pass, and the player drops it. There is a whistle for an incomplete pass, and a player on defense grabs the ball and returns it ...
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1answer
197 views

Would tipped pass be a 2 or 3 pointer?

I was playing in a basketball league that follows NCAA rules. A scenario happened where we players and referees did not know the exact answer and cannot find a specific rule explanation online. My ...
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2answers
355 views

Inbound basketball passed outside the court, then dribbled in

I was watching a local college basketball game last night (SSAC) and saw something I really don’t understand, so I thought I would do some research. I’ve come up empty so far. The opposing team was ...
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1answer
137 views

Is it an offside in this case?

When two players are facing the goalkeeper alone. and the first player passes the ball to the second and he scores. notes: The moment when the ball was passed to the first player none of the two ...
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1answer
579 views

Why does a basketball ref raise the second arm when a 3-pt shot falls?

When a basketball player shoots a 3-point shot, I've noticed that a referee will raise one arm straight over his head while the ball is in the air. This presumably signals to everyone that the shot is,...
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1answer
164 views

Would you have called this a penalty?

I was reffing a boys high school soccer game. Home team player dribbled into the box and before the defender could challenge he got a shot off on net that was saved by the keeper. Half a second after ...
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1answer
401 views

What should a badminton line judge call if the shuttle hits the player?

If the shuttle hits the player then lands, what is the line judge supposed to call? If the player then hits the shuttle out on their own side (does not reach or go past the net), or hits it directly ...
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2answers
115 views

Multiple yellow cards at a single free kick for encroachment

Is it acceptable (or even permissible) to award more than one yellow card to encroaching players on a free kick? My memory from 15 years ago is that we were told only the first encroaching player ...
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2answers
501 views

Is there a fixed duration for celebration in football

In this video, you'll see on multiple occasions that a team celebrated just a tiny a bit too long, the referee let the match continue while the team is celebrating and the second team took the ...
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2answers
6k views

Why is a penalty not given if a goal comes right after the foul?

In the game between Spain and Russia, in the World Cup 2018, one Russian defender (Ignashevich) tackled a Spanish player (Ramos) inside the Russian penalty area (video here or here). This was ...
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2answers
350 views

In football, what happens when a team commits an offence for which play need not be stopped, and then scores a goal immediately after?

In the Laws of the Game, there is a small—yet non empty—set of offences for which the referee must not immediately blow his whistle as he usually does for 'normal' fouls, but must instead allow play ...
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3answers
1k views

What is the upside in allowing players to argue with referees in football?

In football, players often argue with the referees. What is the upside in allowing players to argue with referees in football? What are the incentives, for whoever makes the rules, to continue to ...
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2answers
2k views

What if goal happens whilst a penalty VAR review is in process?

VAR (Video Assistant Referee) is being implemented in the World Cup 2018. Sometimes, an action occurs (e.g. a penalty), but the referee does not think in the first instance that it does so. Then, as ...
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4answers
1k views

Can a player decline advantage after a foul?

In association football, after a foul, the referee lets play continue but the team benefiting from the advantage immediately stop playing anyway, either because they would rather have a free kick or ...

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