Questions tagged [officiating]

Questions about the application and enforcement of rules and regulations by the officials engaged in a sport. Questions must also be tagged for the specific sport and/or competition.

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10
votes
2answers
4k views

What do referees do during halftime?

This question largely pertains to basketball and American football. I've seen footage from the team locker rooms during halftime where the coaches and players go over issues from the first half that ...
13
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1answer
6k views

What happen when two players touch the finish rope at same time in running?

I don't know whether it would happen or not. My question is, What happen if two athletes touched the finish rope at the same time in running(irrespective of distance either it may be 100m or long ...
10
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1answer
22k views

What is the minimum over-rate?

We can see many times, the captains and the players of the bowling team were suspended for slow over-rates. How the over-rate for a fielding team is calculated? Is it vary between different forms of ...
4
votes
3answers
12k views

Penalty runs for hitting on to the helmet of the wicket keeper which he is wearing

As the answers here acknowledge that if the ball hits the helmet behind the wicket keeper then 5 runs are given to the batting side as obstructing the field. My question is will the same apply if the ...
8
votes
2answers
393 views

How is a surfing contest judged?

I've never really quite understood surfing. How is a surfing contest judged? As in, who is declared the winner of a contest? Is it the one riding the waves the longest or the one riding it with ...
12
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2answers
51k views

What is the procedure to become a Cricket Umpire?

In cricket how does someone become an umpire at international level? Is there some procedure for this? How are they selected and what is the criteria for this?
4
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2answers
4k views

Is this a dismissal by hit wicket?

Consider the following situation, A batsman's bat breaks while hitting the ball after which a piece of the bat flies in the air, hits the stumps and the bails fall down. Is this a dismissal by ...
8
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5answers
17k views

Wide ball stumping off last ball

Last ball, last wicket, 1 run required for the batting side to win the match. Bowler bowls a wide ball and the batsman gets stumped as well. Which team will win considering the given situation?
7
votes
1answer
2k views

How do doubles squash rules vary from singles rules?

When playing doubles squash, what are the rules that vary from the singles rules? For Example: Do players in the team have to hit the ball alternately, or can either player hit the ball? Does a team ...
6
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1answer
2k views

Are these overthrows 4 or 6?

Consider the third scenario asked in this question, where it has been established that the throw by the first fielder is overthrows. Two fielders are running behind the ball. The first slides, ...
7
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1answer
1k views

Is it a boundary or overthrows?

Consider a scenario where a fielder is chasing a ball that is running away to the boundary. He puts in a dive, gets a hand to the ball but it runs over the boundary ropes. The umpire signals a ...
14
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6answers
27k views

Is the runner on first forced to run?

Looking for some clarification on this situation that came up today: There is one out and a runner on first base (R1). The batter hits a fly ball in the infield. The first baseman (1st) makes an ...
4
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1answer
289 views

How does one become an adequate fencing official?

I have officiated dry and electric foil fencing matches. Electric matches are less difficult to officiate due to the assistance of a scoring machine...but scoring machines are not foolproof. Issues ...
9
votes
1answer
37k views

What is the maximum number of overs allowed to bowl in a single day of a test match?

Minimum number of overs allowed per day in a test cricket match is 90. What is the maximum number of overs allowed to bowl? If 2 or 3 more overs required to win the match means, who will decide ...
10
votes
1answer
14k views

Stumping from fast bowling?

Is it possible to dismiss a batsman by stumping off a fast bowler with the wicket keeper not standing up to the stumps? To be more specific, for stumping a batsman, is it mandatory to keep the ball ...
9
votes
2answers
27k views

What is the rule for wide ball during reverse hit or switch hit?

It is permitted for a batsman to reverse or switch his bat from right to left or vice versa for getting runs. If they missed the ball means, what is the rule there regarding wide? To be more clear, ...
25
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5answers
17k views

Does the batsman get runs on No ball when the team requires only 1 run to win?

Suppose, A batsman is on strike with 98 runs. The scores are level so the batting team requires only 1 run to win. Now suppose in the next ball, the bowler bowls a No ball and the batsman hits FOUR or ...
12
votes
1answer
52k views

When is the new ball due for all forms of cricket?

Is there a standard time fixed in Test, ODI and T20 formats of Cricket, when a fielding side captain can ask for a new ball? If the captain of the fielding side doesn't ask for a new ball, will he be ...
6
votes
3answers
4k views

Is it necessary to appeal for lbw in cricket?

Why is it necessary to appeal for an LBW dismissal when sometimes it is clear that the ball would have gone on to hit the stumps? It is the duty of an umpire to give the decision as OUT when the ball ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Who is the Third Umpire?

For an international cricket match, there should be a TV umpire, a Match referee, and a Reserve umpire along with two umpires on the field, Who is the third umpire of the above? What are the ...
28
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5answers
5k views

Why is the referee treated so different in soccer and rugby

Recently, in Dutch amateur football, a linesmen died after being attacked by players. This terrible news was directly the reason for the Dutch football association, KNVB, to apply some rules with ...
4
votes
1answer
119 views

Why was Hasheem Thabeet reinstated after being ejected?

In the November 28 2012 game between the OKC Thunder and the Houston Rockets, Thunder forward Hasheem Thabeet was ejected from the game. Shortly thereafter he was reinstated and returned to the court ...
2
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2answers
673 views

Umpire Decision Review System in cricket

A team has only one review remaining in the Decision Review System (DRS), and a batsman was given out Leg Before Wicket (LBW) and both batsmen were certain that the decision was in error and called ...
9
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5answers
11k views

Yellow card and red card in cricket

Yellow and red cards are given in some team sports like rugby,football etc. Is there a practice of issuing these cards in cricket? I heard that Billy Bowden gave yellow card for shane warne, and ...
6
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1answer
30k views

Was Zinedine Zidane ever caught offside?

Many sources claim that Zinedine Zidane was never caught offside in his professional career. Is this true? Because, I found two links that says: "Zidane was offside." http://youtu.be/...
10
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2answers
483 views

Why wasn't Schwartz's challenge during the Thanksgiving Lions/Texans reviewed?

During the Nov 22, 2012 Detroit Lions/Houston Texans game, Lions head coach Jim Schwartz challenged a scoring play where the runner appeared to be down by contact. Since scoring plays are ...
23
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1answer
97k views

What is the maximum number of red cards that a referee can give in a football match?

What is the greatest possible number of red cards that a referee can give in a football match? Does such a limit even exist? If so, does it vary from league to league and tournament to tournament?
7
votes
1answer
26k views

Possible dismissals off a noball, wide ball and free hit

I came to know that a batsman can be stumped out off a wide ball but not off a no-ball (Is it correct?) What are the possibilities to dismiss batsmen, off a noball, a wide ball, a freehit ball and ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Timed out in cricket

I've learned that timed out means the batsman takes over 3 minutes to enter the field of play after a wicket falls. Which batsman will be given out for this? (ie, whether the batting team had any ...
6
votes
2answers
190 views

Which criteria does the ref look for when judging whether or not the pitch is suitable for a game?

I have recently seen a number of matches where prior to the start of the game heavy rain made the pitch pretty hard to play on. Interestingly some of these matches were postponed (e.g. recent ...
4
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3answers
1k views

Has a protest during a game ever worked?

I've constantly heard a protest being called by the manager of team (baseball, football, etc) who felt that there was an unfair ruling. Yet, after each of these games, the protest never goes through. ...
8
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3answers
1k views

Referee Changes Decision

In the instance where a player may have handled the ball and the REFEREE waves play on after protest from the opposing team, the linesman DID NOT raise his flag, so the play continued where the team ...
6
votes
2answers
818 views

Football player backing into another to receive a high kick

Is it a foul in football if the ball is kicked up in the air towards two opposing players, and the one in front is backing into the one behind in readiness for the ball arriving? If the player behind ...
6
votes
1answer
6k views

Cross-checking vs. Pushing in Ice Hockey

Last night, I was in an discussion with the referee in my adult league game. He called me once for a "cross-check" during a situation where I pushed a player out of position using my stick. I never ...
5
votes
2answers
155 views

Has there been any notable impact to the NFL using replacement officials?

This summer the NFL has opened the preseason in a labor dispute with officials, and are instead using college officials from no BCS conferences are replacements until the dispute is involved. What ...
20
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4answers
38k views

Why was offside introduced, and are there reasons for keeping it?

The offside rule in football ( How is offside determined in soccer?) is the source of a large amount of goal-related controvesy, and is argued by some to diminish the entertainment value of the game. ...
12
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2answers
12k views

Why do the 5th and 6th officials need magic wands, and what do they do?

The 5th and 6th officials (if that's what they're called) that run the goal line in Euro 2012 can be seen holding "wands" in their hands; Does anyone know what they are?
16
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2answers
4k views

Do players get yellow cards when they remove their jersey during celebrations?

If a player receives a first caution (yellow card) during the game and the same player scores a goal and removes his jersey will he be dismissed from the field of play and shown a red card?
11
votes
1answer
5k views

What should a referee do if he physically obstructs a player?

In the Euro 2012 match between Spain and Ireland, the referee actually ended up tackling down a player who was receiving the ball from his defense and moving off to dribble through the incoming ...
12
votes
4answers
700 views

Was Jelavić's goal offside?

Nikica Jelavić was clearly in an offside position when he received the ball and scored, in Croatia's 3-1 win over Ireland, for Euro 2012. Having received the ball through one of Ireland's defenders ...
12
votes
3answers
8k views

Ball touching the ground during a catch in cricket

If a fielder takes a catch and the ball touches the ground (ball is in hand only, but it’s touching the ground at the same time), is it considered as out?
22
votes
1answer
3k views

Can the second-to-last defender cause an offside by leaving the field of play?

I had a little conversation one of my football friends and we had this interesting situation come up during the conversation. As I understand the offside rule, the offending player should not be ...
4
votes
1answer
179 views

Technology in Baseball

Since the early 2000's digital cameras have been installed by MLB in stadiums to enhance broadcasting/media as well as to review the performance of home plate umpires during baseball games. According ...
31
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3answers
15k views

Can referees change their decision?

Let's imagine an ideal situation: A player scores a goal Before scoring, they deliberately handle the ball None of the referees notice the foul The referee validates the goal The scorer admits (...
20
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2answers
3k views

Why do umpires indicate whether a caught fly ball is fair or foul?

If a batter pops up or flies out down a base line, and the fielder catching the ball is within a couple feet of the foul line, the umpire will always signal the out, and then "fair" or "foul" ...
13
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2answers
16k views

What makes a formation illegal?

Sometimes the referee will flag a team for having an "illegal formation". What are the restrictions on how a team is allowed to line up?
16
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1answer
8k views

How are individual turnovers determined on errant passes?

When determining turnovers for a given player, how exactly are they determined? Wikipedia defines turnovers as In basketball, a turnover occurs when a player from one team gives possession to a ...
20
votes
1answer
4k views

Are referees biased toward the home team?

Inspired by this question but hopefully different enough to warrant a different question. I often hear fans complaining that the "home team always gets the calls", which means that more fouls are ...
15
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2answers
4k views

As a defensive lineman, can I intentionally encroach to stop the clock?

If a defense is facing a tough situation with no timeouts left, it is difficult to stop the clock. Your options are very limited - you hope the offense passes and you can bat it down, or you hope you ...
55
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7answers
9k views

How is offside determined in football?

The offside rule on the pitch is often unclear and called suddenly. How do I know if a player is offside?

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