# Questions tagged [statistics]

The collection of statistics in sports and how they are used. Please also tag questions with the sport or sports being referred to.

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1 vote
50 views

### NFL Combine Worst Performances

I am attempting to clean a data set of NFL Combine performances; because some values of the data set are physically impossible, I would like to know the best and worst performances in the combine (to ...
1 vote
52 views

### How often does a betting-house's odds change for a given event 1) before and 2) during the event?

I understand that this is VERY dependent on the specific sporting event, but I was hoping to find some representative averages and ranges ... beyond somewhere between a few times-per-day before the ...
1 vote
34 views

### What is the longest drive in the NFL with consideration for penalty yardage?

I have attempted to search for this answer before, but often end up getting answers akin to the longest distance a drive has taken between goal lines, hence the answer is something like 99 yards. ...
44 views

### Origin of the formula for weighted stolen base runs (wSB)

I am considering the formula for weighted stolen base runs (wSB), which is given as wSB = a * SB + b * CS - lgwSB * (1B + uBB + HBP) and a = 0.2 and b = (-2 * RunsPerOut + 0.075). I have two questions:...
1 vote
16 views

### All time QB with the worst December+ INT ratio

For a long time I've been a fan of Matthew Stafford. He had suffered in Detroit for years. Detroit, in their best years would appear to have their playoff hopes get dashed in December. It seems that ...
• 1,358
18 views

### American football: lowest net-win differential with positive net points?

Today, the Iowa Hawkeyes defeated the Nebraska Cornhuskers, 28-21. The result is that Nebraska wound up with a 1-8 record in Big Ten conference play, with 239 points scored and 239 conceded. This was ...
• 105
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### Does being the player who kicked the ball, when the opponent scores an own goal, count as an assist?

I'm seeing a lot of comments saying Messi gave an assist because an opposing Nantes player changed the direction of a ball kicked by Messi, and this action lead to a goal against Nantes. I've even ...
• 872
1 vote
177 views

### How many assists did Johan Cruyff give for his national team?

Transfermarkt lists Johan Cruyff's assists when playing in clubs with full detail as being 148. Johan Cruyff career stats. However, it doesn't list Johan Cruyff's assists for his national team, ...
• 872
1 vote
407 views

### What constitutes a "game-winning drive" statistically?

After the Buccaneers @ Patriots game - in which the Buccaneers won - it was revealed by statisticians that it was Tom Brady's 50th career "game-winning drive". What constitutes a "game-...
• 1,853
57 views

### What's the precise definition of the individual "left on base" statistic?

MLB.com's box scores include a "LOB" column in the individual batting records, showing number of runners left on base. I am curious how exactly this statistic is defined. MLB's Glossary ...
• 1,356
57 views

### Does a penalty count against a shutout in football?

In soccer, if a goalkeeper does not save a penalty that happened during the game (as opposed to during a penalty shootout) do they still get a shutout? I was just curious because I know that in a ...
• 1
1 vote
69 views

### Ice-hockey penalty shot saves

In ice-hockey when there is a penalty shot and player missed the net so goalkeeper didn't need to make a save, is it still counted as a save for the goalkeeper for his penalty shot save percentage? ...
• 187
172 views

### Best accuracy of ice-hockey prediction achieved

What is the best accuracy of predicting ice-hockey game winner ever achieved? I have found many sites where some mathematical models can predict winner of NHL game with accuracy from 55% to 60%. Is ...
• 187
1 vote
57 views

### Is an NFL player who forces a fumble that goes out of the end zone not credited with the safety?

I can imagine four situations where the title applies. The ballcarrier is out of the end zone and fumbles when he is tackled. This would not be a safety except for the fumble. The ballcarrier is in ...
• 111
99 views

### NHL forfeit shutouts

In the NHL, if a game is forfeited the loser gets score 0 and the winner gets 1 or higher if the game was forfeited after it started already and the winner scored more than 1 goal. All personal stats ...
• 187
50 views

### How are statistics recorded in IIHF or NHL when two events happen at the same stoppage of play?

How are stats recorded in IIHF or NHL when two events happen at the same stoppage of play? For example, team A receives 2-minute penalty at time 12:05. The game is stopped and after the face-off team ...
• 187
1 vote
30 views

### Which soccer players have been selected best player of the Copa América more than once?

I know that Lionel Messi and Enzo Francescoli have been chosen the best player of the Copa América twice. It happened in 2021, 2015, 1995 and 1983 respectively. Are there other soccer players who have ...
• 872
78 views

### Which NBA player has the most career shots?

Which NBA basketball player has attempted the most shots in their career, and how many of them did they make?
20 views

### When analyzing Betfair odds data, what is the consequence of having virtual odds included?

(I hope I understand virtual odds. I do understand back/lay concept) Context For the sake of simplicity, take a tennis event. We have two runners A, B and for both we have back and lay offers, so we ...
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139 views

### Is there a correlation between goalkeeper height and penalty save rate?

A tall goalkeeper can be quite intimidating for a penalty taker. Is there any research or statistics that actually shows that there is a correlation between goalkeeper height and penalty save rate?
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174 views

### Is calling timeout actually effective in stopping scoring runs by the other team?

In basketball, when one team goes on a scoring run, you will often see the other team call a timeout to try to stop that team's momentum. Has there been any analysis that shows whether calling timeout ...
• 4,751
60 views

### Base Out State Probabilities by Batting Order Position

I am looking for the number of PA's (Plate Appearances) that occurred in each of the 24 possible base-out states split by batting order position. I am interested especially in the years 2010-2015 in ...
45 views

### Do longer playoff series (in first to x formats) lead to worse outcomes in subsequent rounds?

In the NHL, it's generally accepted wisdom that if two teams face each other in a playoff round, and one team has played fewer games in the playoffs due to having fewer losses in previous rounds, they'...
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81 views

### Which soccer/association football statistic gives the most comprehensive assessment of a player in his or her position?

There are defenders, midfielders, forwards and goalkeepers. If I want to compare non-keeper player to player, which statistic is the best? In reply to answers below, if the synergy is important, is ...
• 103
366 views

### How is mlb.com's ">.500" record calculated?

On Major League Baseball's Standings page, one of the fields is headed >.500: "Record against >.500 teams". Is this the record in games against teams whose record was above .500 when ...
• 1,356
1 vote
125 views

### What is the win probabiity of an ice hockey team being down 1-0 at the end of the second period?

I heard following hypothesis about ice-hockey statistics; -20 min left (i.e. whole third period) -situation is 0-1 I was told the team that is trailing, has bigger probability to win the game. Has ...
128 views

### How to determine winning team from the MLB retrosheet "event" file?

As far as I can tell, there isn't a field in the event file (https://www.retrosheet.org/eventfile.htm) that states the winning team. By my understanding it could either be found from the game file (...
1 vote
750 views

### Do NBA players make a higher percentage of 3-pointers from the side?

This shows what an NBA basketball court looks like: As you can see, the 3-point line is an arc until it gets close to the sides of the court, where it becomes a straight line due to not being able to ...
• 4,751
371 views

### True Shooting Percentage (TSP) vs Points Per Shot (PPS)

I have always been puzzled by the True Shooting Percentage (TSP) metric. Its goal is evidently to give a general idea of how efficient a scorer is, but the way it's calculated is extremely puzzling. ...
1 vote
69 views

### Why combine stats, especially the 40-yard dash, relevant and referred to years after the draft?

Many commentators refer to a player's 40-yard dash time to make a point of how fast a player is. This is admittedly relevant by the time of the draft but not so much afterwards, one would think. Many ...
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### Looking for the name of an on-base stat that I am sure exists

I'm looking for a stat for how often a hitter gets on base via walk, hit, hit by ball. Anything excluding homeruns. As in the percentage of time people actually stand on a base.
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1 vote
31 views

### How many times has a team put in to field scored a century on day 1?

In the current game between South-Africa and Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka was bowled out for 157 in 40 odd overs. Dean Elgar ended the day on 90 odd. This made me wonder how many times in test cricket have a ...
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1 vote
218 views

### Ice-hockey 6v5 situation

I am curious how are situations with extra player in ice-hockey handled statistically. For example, team A is loosing 2:3 and there is one last minute of the match. They switch goalie for an extra ...
• 187
140 views

### Ice-hockey forfeit goals

I want to ask, in ice-hockey general or in NHL, if a game is forfeited before it starts or at score 0:0, the winning team automatically wins by 1:0. Is this one goal counted in teams statistics in ...
• 187
119 views

### Who is awarded the sack when a player is not actually tackled?

On December 6, 2020 at 4:30pm, the Green Bay Packers played a most riveting contest with the Philadelphia Eagles. On one play where Green Bay was in possession, Aaron Rodgers (the Green Bay QB) was ...
• 1,358
1 vote
2k views

### Why is it a considered a passing touchdown in cases when the receiver gains most of the yards?

I don't understand why it is considered a passing touchdown that accrues to the QB's stats, in cases when the receiver gains most of the yards. Consider a 5 yard pass where the receiver then runs 90 ...
• 121
171 views

### Why does there seem to be more pitching changes in recent years?

The last time I watched baseball was in 2012, and there has been more frequent pitching changes, especially in the post-season. For instance, this NY Post article states: In 2018, teams set a new ...
588 views

### What makes a Safety shot in snooker "successful"?

When watching a match of snooker, especially one where safety battles take place, the broadcaster will often display a "Safety Success" statistic for both players above the current score, or ...
• 1,853
1 vote
112 views

### What is usually better in basketball, a 2-pointer and-1 opportunity or a made 3-pointer?

2-pointer and-one obviously gets a foul on an opposing player but you are not guaranteed to make the free throw, while a 3-pointer is guaranteed 3 points. Which would be more advantageous to a team, ...
• 171
7k views

### How does the runner placed at second base in extra innings affect Earned Run Average?

Normally the pitcher who allows a runner to reach base is charged with the run if the runner eventually reaches home, even if the pitcher is replaced before the runner scores. If the run is an earned ...
• 411
84 views

### Game losing goal

In the NHL, or generally in ice hockey and similar sports, there is a statistic of GWG - game winning goals. A goal is a GWG if it is enough for a team to score only until this goal with no more goals ...
• 187
297 views

### Non-USA superstars in the NBA seem to be much taller on average than superstars from the USA: What exactly is the reason?

LeBron James suggested that he would like to participate in a USA vs non-USA all-star match, during the 2020 all-star draft. While forming hypothetical teams for such a match I quickly started finding ...
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7k views

### Why do some bookmakers have minimum odds requirements on free bet promotions?

I have noticed that some bookmakers will offer free bets but have a condition that in order for the winnings to be withdrawn they must be placed on bets with at least 1/5 odds for example. If I have a ...
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237 views

### Can you determine the position of a player from his statistics?

I recently got really interested in the NBA (thanks to Mark Cuban). Google led me to detailed statistics of NBA players, for example, as found here. If you just look at the statistics (without ...
54 views

### Basketball: will FG percentage revert to mean and continue trend at half time?

This is a stats questions. Imagine team A has a poor FG percentage at half time and team B has a good one, would you expect those rates to convert (mean reversion) or deviate further? Maybe there is ...
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198 views

### Basketball shooting practice appears to have little effect over time

While this question relates to basketball, it is more so a question of statistics and probability. I wondered if one could determine a basketball players career high shooting percentage from high ...
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107 views

### How do you deal with skewed frequency in Hexagonal Shot Plots for NBA Players

So I've stumbled upon Kirk Goldsberry's shot plots and I find them very intriguing. Here's an example . I find these charts fascinating, so I decided to learn how to make these charts myself, except I ...
1 vote
145 views

### NFL: going for it on fourth and 1

I'm a soccer fan and rarely watch NFL. But one thing that bemuses me is the conservatism in the game. Why do teams not go for it more often on 4th and 1? The stats show it's a good play. The reward ...
1 vote