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Questions tagged [terminology]

For questions generally relating to commonly used terms, jargons, notations, idioms etc. associated with a particular sport. Questions using this tag should also be tagged with the specific sport in question.

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What is the difference between a Body Check and Woman's Body Check?

This image is from the Sochi Winter Olympics: Why is Women Body Checking different from a regular Body Check? I mean, pretty sure not every penalty was preceded by Women's in the match (like Women ...
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0answers
19 views

Is there a name for the combined stats of Balls, Strikes, and Outs, as seen on many displays in baseball?

Baseball fields often have a display of the number of balls, strikes, and outs. Does this group have a name? As far as I can cell, "Count" refers to just balls and strikes and are for individual ...
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0answers
28 views

What does “weight” mean in the context of putting?

In Hot Shots Golf: Out of Bounds, the phrase "give it weight" is occasionally muttered by a caddie before a player attempts a putt. I always thought since the game is a caricature of golf, the phrase ...
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0answers
35 views

Is there an official list of abbreviations for ballroom dances?

When looking around for notes on ballroom dancing you will stumble across many abbreviations, many of them are very clear. But the dances itself (referring to the usual ten ballroom dances in a ...
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2answers
79 views

What are scrubbed tyres?

I'm reading Mark Webber's book and in it he says that during the the 2005 Belgian grand prix he was amazed that his team put him on new intermediate tyres instead of scrubbed tyres on a drying track. ...
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0answers
42 views

Why is Arabic an official langauage of the “Asian Football Confederation”

AFC has two official languages - English and Arabic. The official languages of the AFC shall be English and Arabic. In the event of any differences in any interpretation, the English text shall ...
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1answer
52 views

What is the name of this table tennis equipment?

What is the name of the board/wall/plank that keeps table tennis balls from running too far away from the table? In this image, it is the purple and red board/wall/plank around the playing area that ...
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1answer
42 views

Please explain “they'll initiate out of a down screen”

It is about basketball play and I don't understand what 'out of a down screen' is. Could anybody explain it for me please? > they gonna start off with a pick-and-roll, and then they gonna start ...
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1answer
96 views

In basketball, what does 'two for fifteen' mean?

He was raggedy as... Went two for 15. Seven points. He finished with 16 points on six of 14. I guess it is about points, but I really don't understand what they mean. Could someone explain what ...
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2answers
89 views

What is a “scoring position” in baseball?

I heard the other day the commentator said a player is in "scoring position" after running to the second base. What is a "scoring position" in baseball/MLB?
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1answer
109 views

Is the convention for reporting football results universal?

In Britain (and throughout Europe and the football-playing world), it is the normal convention to state the name of the home team first and the away team second. So when the results are read out on ...
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3answers
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What does “Final MON” mean in MLB Sunday games results?

I've seen F/10 MON and F/11 MON and Final MON written after game results in the banner across the bottom of the TV, in WMBA, MLB and MLS, What does MON mean? Google is giving me nothing. UPDATE: ...
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2answers
247 views

What is the definition for second chance points in the NBA?

I have been reading this, but the details still feel unclear. https://www.sportingcharts.com/dictionary/nba/second-chance-points.aspx Short question: Will any shooting miss activate the possibility ...
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1answer
135 views

Why are the practice sessions called “free” in Formula 1?

Free practice is a widely used term in motorsports, but I specifically wonder what "free" means in Formula 1. I've some choices without any reference. Is it related to drivers, car parts, number of ...
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2answers
161 views

How are stoppage time goals deduplicated from regulation time goals?

In football, goals can be scored in stoppage time, say the 46th minute of the first half, and also in the 46th minute of the game in the second half. Is there any way of differentiating / ...
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1answer
665 views

What does this three-number notation mean in football?

What does 0-0-1 and 1-0-0 mean in this notation for two teams at a tournament? Germany (0-0-1, 0 points) vs. Sweden (1-0-0, 3 points)
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2answers
4k views

What is the difference between an arena and a stadium?

Russia is using several arenas and stadiums to host matches at the 2018 World Cup. What is the difference between an arena and a stadium?
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1answer
770 views

Are there any languages where people use a different word for goal?

With the start of the World Cup today, I wanted to compile a list of how to say "goal" (event of scoring, not the target) in every language of the 2018 World Cup participating countries. As in many ...
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0answers
66 views

What's the difference between the two skateboarding categories in the Summer Olympics?

Skateboarding was approved in the 2020 Summer Olympics. The official program lists two categories: park and street. I was expecting vert and street. To me, park was the same as street, but in skate ...
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1answer
43 views

What constitutes a player as a rookie?

When is a player said to be a rookie in North American major league sports? My understanding is that a rookie is a player that is playing his first professional season. But for how long is that player ...
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2answers
707 views

When a football match goes to extra time, when is full time?

The events in a hypothetical football match are: 45 mins - half-time (score 1-1) 90 mins - end of normal time (score 2-2) 120 mins - after extra time (score 3-2) Would it be correct to say that ...
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1answer
3k views

What is an RKO in wrestling?

I'm not much of a wrestling fan, but I often hear about a RKO. I know KO (Knock Out) and TKO (Technical Knock Out, where it's not a KO in itself, but the fight is considered one). What is an RKO?
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1answer
328 views

What is a proper definition of “doubles rotation” in badminton?

I had a look at this site. It only explains how to do doubles rotation, not what they exactly are. I am unsure how I would describe "doubles rotation" to a badminton newbie in four-five sentences. So, ...
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2answers
3k views

Who are the “Olympic Athletes from Russia”?

Who are the "Olympic Athletes from Russia"? I was watching the 2018 Winter Olympics and saw "Olympic Athletes from Russia." Why isn't this done for other countries such as "Olympic Athletes from the ...
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1answer
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How can one team “own” another team's first-round pick?

For instance, the byline to this Bleacher Report article reads "The Cleveland Cavaliers own the Brooklyn Nets' first-round pick in the 2018 NBA draft." How can one team own another team's first-round ...
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148 views

Would the Copa del Rey change its name for a queen?

If a princess such as Leonor, Princess of Asturias succeeds to the Spanish throne, would the name of the Copa del Rey change to become the Copa de la Reina?
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1answer
100 views

Word for: player who's just helping field a team

Say you have a soccer team from a small high school, and only 14 students sign up to play. Now suppose several students twist their ankle or for some other reason aren't able to play. Now you have ...
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1answer
379 views

What do these numbers mean in the tennis WTA calendar?

Take a look at the rectangle in this picture. I understand that M stands for the whole amount of participants (it is like "S" for Singles). Q stands for qualifiers. D for doubles tournaments. X ...
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1answer
26 views

What are “holding numbers” in cycle races?

I just read a tweet where K3 says it is "Holding numbers for pro teams in races around the world." what does that mean can someone help please?
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2answers
4k views

What does the superscript used in tennis scores mean?

In the score below, what do the 7 and 4 superscripts mean in the first set?
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1answer
87 views

What is an “overflow winger”?

Can somebody explain to me what an "overflow winger" is? I read today NKoudou is going on loan to Burnley. Mauricio Pochettino is said to prefer "winger-leaders" like Lamela and Eriksen to "overflow ...
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1answer
135 views

What is the origin of the term 'on the hill' in pool?

In pool it is often said by the commentators that a player/team is "on the hill", or if the match goes to the last rack: a "hill-hill game". Where were these terms first coined, and by whom? The ...
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3answers
19k views

What is the difference between a manager and a coach in case of a soccer team?

What is the difference between a manager and a coach in case of a soccer team? These two terms are used frequently and interchangeably.
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0answers
56 views

What is the name of round-robins when teams play others an unequal number of times?

According to Wikipedia: In a single round-robin schedule, each participant plays every other participant once. If each participant plays all others twice, this is frequently called a double ...
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2answers
183 views

Overthrow and throw-by

The two terms are very popular in my locality. According to my teacher, overthrow: is when fielder near the pitch misses throw from fielder at far off in field. He defined "throw-by" as the ...
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1answer
112 views

What is “baseball’s magic twelve-letter word”?

What is "baseball’s magic twelve-letter word"? Columnist Thomas Boswell used this term in his comment "At World Series, a racist taunt fuels a stunning episode of civility" in the following sentence: ...
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2answers
495 views

What is this skill move performed by Neymar called?

In the following video, Neymar does a double step-over from a dead stop by adding a touch, finishing with a body feint. What is this skill move called?
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41 views

Oddsmakers, Betmakers and Sportsbooks: Who does what?

Brand new to sports betting here, and am wondering if there is a technical difference between: The oddsmaker; and The betmaker; and The sportsbook These terms seem interchangeable on some sites/...
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1answer
101 views

What does it mean to follow the person into the referee's notebook?

What does it mean to be in the referee's notebook first, and why would someone else follow them into the referee's notebook after that?
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1answer
110 views

What is a loose ball get crumb in AFL?

I'm facing a file with the records from a game (all that happened in the game: kicks, center bounces, handballs, etc.) and I don't understand the difference between "loose ball get" and "loose ball ...
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2answers
96 views

What does “out round” mean in NFL?

In training session, someone told the other NFL players, "Out round" and then the player passed a ball. Does it mean knockout round? it's from TV show psych season 3, episode 13.
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1answer
97 views

Baseball - WHIP

If WHIP is a measure of a pitchers Hits and Walks per 9 innings, shouldn't a 'hit batter' be part of the equation? Isn't a 'hit batter' the same as a walk?
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1answer
192 views

What's the English term for this double-elimination tournament variant?

I was looking at rules for a double-elimination tournament but it seems that I growned up where double-elimination tournaments are totally different from the rest of the planet. The double-...
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2answers
466 views

What is a “win in last at-bat”?

On a baseball broadcast tonight, the team statistic "wins in last at-bat" came up. What's the definition of this term? The announcer was careful to point out that such a win "doesn't have to be a ...
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1answer
370 views

What is the history of the term “Alley-Oop”?

I realized I've been using the term for years but never realized that taken literally, it makes no sense. "Alley" - other than the word alley, I have no idea what this could refer to. "oop" - most ...
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1answer
233 views

What is this type of dribbling called in basketball?

How do people call it, when you dribble the ball over the defender on one side while yourself passing through the other side?
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1answer
68 views

How did the term 'English' originate? (spin on a ball)

Where does the term 'English' come from, with regards to an athlete applying a spin to a ball? I've heard it mainly in billiards and basketball, but elsewhere too. I have tried looking this up on ...
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2answers
2k views

What is a 5-point play in basketball?

I heard of how a 5-point play could be possible, but when I mentioned it people told me it's not possible -- and I can't remember how this would work.
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1answer
8k views

What do the numbers on Mavis (Yonex) Badminton cocks mean?

I have seen sports shops selling Yonex Badminton cocks in boxes titled "Mavis 350", "Mavis 500" or "Mavis 10". Do these numbers mean anything in particular, or is it just that the Brands can't get ...
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1answer
146k views

What is a protected pick?

In a trade, one NBA team can give to the other a protected pick (I heard of this concept reading about the alleged details of the DeMarcus Cousins trade from Sacramento Kings to New Orleans Pelicans). ...