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20
votes
1answer
4k views

Are referees biased toward the home team?

Inspired by this question but hopefully different enough to warrant a different question. I often hear fans complaining that the "home team always gets the calls", which means that more fouls are ...
10
votes
4answers
814 views

What advantages does a softer putter provide?

I've seen soft putters advertised on disc-golf websites and in stores. What advantages does a soft flexible putter provide? I've heard that they "grab the chains" better but what does that actually ...
18
votes
2answers
4k views

How to decide the “Par” for each hole

How is the "average number of strokes" decided for each hole? While watching golf competitions, the majority of players are far below the par. Shouldn't it then be adapted? If 90% of players are ...
38
votes
6answers
6k views

What factors give a “Home Advantage” and how big is it?

Often you hear about the team whose ground the match is being played at having a "home advantage". During a discussion with a friend they said teams go as far as to style the opposing teams changing ...
28
votes
3answers
9k views

What is the on-field role of the captain?

After watching the John Terry "stripped of captaincy" episode in the England national football team, my question is what exactly does the captain do on the field? The team tactics are decided by the ...
20
votes
5answers
9k views

Is running uphill harder or easier than running downhill?

Which is harder, running uphill or running downhill? I have done the Salt Lake City, Utah marathon and it has a huge chunk of descending. I think circa 5000 feet vertical the route of the year I ran ...
10
votes
1answer
4k views

What are the disadvantages of the wide nine defensive scheme?

Correct me if i'm wrong I've read a little about a wide-nine defensive scheme. Trying to get an understanding of this. From my understanding, a wide nine defensive philosophy depends on defensive ...
13
votes
2answers
4k views

Number of gap techniques in American Football

While reading this thread and this one I had trouble following the football terminology of the different "techniques" for defensive line men. What does it mean to have a 1 / 2 / 3 / 5 gap technique ...
3
votes
1answer
165 views

How can I better understand and appreciate curling? [closed]

I have watched many curling matches (games? I'm honestly not sure of the terminology) during coverage of the olympics. I have read the basic rules, which seem simple enough, so I understand the ...
-2
votes
1answer
184 views

Is there evidence for or against fish feeling pain from a hook? [closed]

I fished often when I was young, but then gradually stopped. I was thinking of fishing again, but now I am a little put off thinking that the fish are feeling pain from a hook. Is there scientific ...
21
votes
1answer
58k views

Why is a foul bunt on strike three an out?

Following up on "Why does a foul ball not count as a third strike?", I can understand caught fouls and foul tips being counted as strike 3. But what is the logic behind a 3rd strike foul bunt being an ...
7
votes
2answers
819 views

Cross-training versus specificity

When undertaking physical training, as opposed to practice and skills drills, for your chosen sport, how much benefit is there in cross-training? For example, I'm a cyclist, I'm preparing for ...
13
votes
5answers
10k views

Why do the balls used in rugby and American football have a similar shape?

Is there any reason for the fact that rugby and American football share this (quite unusual) ball shape?   Do they have common roots? Does the American football ball come from the rugby one (...
-3
votes
1answer
132 views

Cross-training to increasing pace for a beginner [closed]

I'm fairly new at running. I really enjoy it but definitely wouldn't consider myself very serious about it. I ran a couple 5k races and a 10k race last year. I'd like to increase both my 5k and my ...
6
votes
1answer
463 views

10% Rule for Increasing Pace [closed]

I've heard of the "10 Percent" rule for increasing distance when running - something like "don't increase your distance for a single run or for the entire week by more than 10 percent per week". Is ...
22
votes
6answers
39k views

Why isn't spiking the football intentional grounding?

I understand that spiking the football is a time management technique in American football, but I don't understand why there is no penalty (e.g. intentional grounding) associated with it?
11
votes
1answer
435 views

Enforcement of traveling in basketball

In most levels of basketball, from youth leagues to the college level, traveling seems to be enforced fairly regularly. However, at the NBA level, traveling seems to be rarely enforced, with the rules ...
9
votes
1answer
12k views

Difference between three technique and five technique defensive linemen

During the predraft period, many scouting reports will mention that a defensive end can play a "three technique" or is better suited for a "five technique" role. Being unsure of what that meant, I did ...
25
votes
5answers
30k views

Why does a foul ball not count as a third strike?

From the Wikipedia entry for foul ball A strike is issued for the batter if he had fewer than two strikes ... A strike is, however, recorded for the pitcher for every foul ball the batter hits, ...
15
votes
3answers
43k views

Are you allowed to play zone defense in the NBA?

I remember in the "old days" that if a referee caught a team playing zone defense that they would blow the whistle to stop the play and call "Illegal Defense". I haven't seen this foul called in a ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Is it true that a line backer is the quarterback for the defense?

I've often heard that the linebacker is the quarterback for the defense. Thus, is it really true that a linebacker's role is sometimes to produce calls to change the defensive's game plan or an ...
11
votes
3answers
3k views

Stomping after a table tennis serve or follow through?

I often see a lot of veterans stomp their feet after hitting the ball. Why would one want to stomp after hitting the ball? Is this purely a stylistic issue? Or does it improve ones follow-through? ...
19
votes
1answer
492 views

Does icing a fieldgoal kicker actually work?

It's a common strategy in most levels of football to call a time out shortly before the ball is snapped prior to a field goal. This is called icing the kicker (as it makes the kicker wait through the ...
31
votes
10answers
17k views

Why are substitutions commonly made right at the end of the game?

I often see the manager of a winning team making substitutions as the end of the game nears (sometimes as late as during injury time). The player being replaced is not injured, and doesn't time get ...
15
votes
2answers
2k views

How can I improve my endurance while skiing? [closed]

When I go on a ski trip I usually like to go at least two days in a row. The issue I run into by about midday on the second day is that my legs are pretty much shot. I would like to be able to do at ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

How can I improve my endurance while skiing? [duplicate]

When I go on a ski trip I usually like to go at least two days in a row. The issue I run into by about midday on the second day is that my legs are usually shot. I would like to be able to do at ...
19
votes
2answers
40k views

If a play ends with two runners at the same base who is safe?

In baseball if a play ends and two base runners are at the same base who is safe and who is out? Does the situation change if one of the runners can be forced?
9
votes
1answer
148 views

Is a disc that lands on top of a basket considered holed?

This is rare case, but in the event that a disc lands on top of a basket (above the chains and basket in the round area that is often on top of the goal) is it considered holed or does it require an ...
8
votes
3answers
684 views

How to start running [closed]

I didn't run many years. I swim in a pool. Now I am feeling I need to start running. Have someone suggest me how to start running from scratch? I am 35 years old. PS. The strength and spirit, I have :...
24
votes
9answers
28k views

Screening in volleyball

The volleyball rules prohibit screening during a service (preventing the receiving team from seeing the ball or the serving player; rule 12.5), however, during any professional game you can see ...
21
votes
4answers
2k views

What is best for hydration during a run?

I'm a less experienced runner, training for a half marathon. Up until now I only ran a maximum of 10 miles and I never felt the need to hydrate, but I read it's better to hydrate during the run. ...
15
votes
5answers
8k views

How do defenders score goals when part of a formation

When playing in a 4-5-1 or 4-4-3 formation you are meant to stay in your zone on the pitch. The defenders need to be part of the back 4 and not move into the forward postions. How then do defenders ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

How to boost vertical speed / jump height

As a basketball player it is important to have a good jump height (for scoring, rebounding, blocking). I've tried some plyometric exercises and are jump skipping often. But I do not have a good idea ...
10
votes
3answers
635 views

Is Fartlek more effective than regular training [closed]

Fartlek is intended to be a type of interval training without fixed distances, times or paces. Is this more effective than regular distance and interval training in separate workouts?
30
votes
3answers
78k views

Why are there different stars on table tennis balls?

What determines the rating of a table tennis ball? I know there are several different star ratings. The ratings go from 1 star to 4 star. I think there maybe a 5 star ball. What factors determine the ...
20
votes
1answer
14k views

Why would you use oil on your table tennis raquets?

I often see vendors selling oil for table tennis racquets. Why would one want to use oil on their table tennis racquets?
20
votes
4answers
24k views

Do high tops prevent sprained ankles?

For years, basketball players were encouraged to wear high tops because it was believed they prevent a player from rolling his ankle. But recently, players such as Kobe Bryant have worn mid and low ...
6
votes
1answer
5k views

When is a sacrifice bunt a statistically “good” option?

In the past several years the sacrifice bunt has come under fire as a "waste of an at bat" and "lowering your chance to score." No one denies that outs are very valuable in baseball, but is it ever a ...
7
votes
1answer
265 views

How is the BCS rank determined?

How are BCS ranks in NCAA football determined? Is it determined by popular vote and record? What factors affect a ranking?
11
votes
2answers
13k views

Difference between one gap and two gap techniques for defensive linemen

While watching American football, I frequently hear about "one gap" or "two gap" techniques when referring to defensive linemen. I found this terminology to be a bit unclear, so I looked for an ...
20
votes
2answers
6k views

What is the practical difference between traditional and “toe” snowboard bindings?

Here's an equipment question. What is the real practical/effective difference between these two types of snowboard bindings: "Traditional" (over the foot): "Toe": What sort of effect do these ...
10
votes
2answers
10k views

Recommended drills to help keep your eye on the ball?

One of the things that I find myself not doing as well as I need to is keeping my eye on the ball. I am a tennis player but I am sure this could apply to other sports as well (baseball, football, ...
13
votes
2answers
5k views

Which workouts will most help my ball handling skills?

I'm looking for some type of training exercise or workout that will help my ball handling ability. I know that it is not a good idea to try to increase muscle mass, but instead try to work on your "...
13
votes
1answer
2k views

Swimming and respiratory infections [closed]

This is a serious athletic training issue that affects me and certain of my athletes: some swimmers are prone to ENT and respiratory infections such as in the ear, sinuses, throat and lungs. Last ...
10
votes
2answers
599 views

How to attack zone defense?

What gameplays do you use to attack a zone defense, and specially 2-1-2 type? And how do you work it in practice? I usually practice it with game situation, but are there some exercises to develop ...
37
votes
4answers
3k views

Why would you ever allow an opponent to score?

Watching Super Bowl XLVI, I noticed near the end of the game the New England Patriots allowed the New York Giants to score a touchdown uncontested. At this point in the game, the Patriots were ...
3
votes
1answer
206 views

What is the most popular running (and fitness) application for mobile devices? [closed]

I have used runtastic and Daily Mile and of course there is Garmin, but what mobile applications besides these are most popular for running and/or fitness and why? I'm looking to see what other ...
-8
votes
1answer
2k views

Why don't treadmills offer a manual setting of longer than 60 minutes? [closed]

I know I can set a treadmill at the quick start setting and just run. But, why can't I set a program or the manual setting (which calculates calories burned) to longer than 60 minutes?
15
votes
2answers
15k views

How can I calculate the best sail size for the current wind?

Being a beginner in windsurf, I have several sails from 4.7 to 7.5 meters sq. I find myself wondering how I can set the correct sail for the current wind. How do we know what sail to use, and when ...
13
votes
5answers
610 views

How to make running intervals more challenging as I improve?

I have access to a treadmill, and living in the Northeast during the winter time I generally prefer to run indoors from December through about March. I do occasional long runs, but the goal of my ...

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