I took an umpiring class this past Spring (2012), so I can offer what we were taught.
Regardless of whether a pitch is a strike or a ball, we were taught to wait a "tick" to be sure of what we've seen. If nothing else, this mindset helps one watch the pitch all the way into the glove.
If the call is a strike, one should rise from the slightly crouched ...
Most Major League starting pitchers have between three and four different kinds of pitches that they can throw throughout the game. Examples are
The break and speed of these pitches vary quite dramatically so it's important for the catcher to know what's coming.
The reason that a pitcher has so ...
I think that rule 7.08e is the key here:
(e) He fails to reach the next base before a fielder tags him or the
base, after he has been forced to advance by reason of the batter
becoming a runner. However, if a following runner is put out on a
force play, the force is removed and the runner must be tagged to be
put out. The force is removed as soon ...
The run does not count. According to MLB rules:
4.09 HOW A TEAM SCORES.
(a) One run shall be scored each time a runner legally advances to and touches first,
second, third and home base before three men are put out to end the inning.
EXCEPTION: A run is not scored if the runner advances to home base during a
play in which the third out is made (1) by the ...
There are two ways to deliver a pitch from the mound:
Most pitchers will pitch out of the windup when there are no runners on base. It usually helps with the pitchers rhythm. They are able to use a high leg kick and deliver a pitch.
Some relievers will pitch out of the stretch whether or not there is a runner on base. This is ...
According to UmpiresMedia.com, getting a “head start” is considered illegal in professional baseball. Actually, it is listed in the rules you linked
Rule 5.09(c)(1) Comment (Rule 7.10(a) Comment): “Retouch,” in this
rule, means to tag up and start from a contact with the base after the
ball is caught. A runner is not permitted to take a flying start ...
This has happened before, most notably the Grand Slam Single of the 1999 NLCS.
The Braves and Mets were tied 3-3 in the bottom of the ninth. The Mets loaded the bases, and Robin Ventura crushed a grand slam. He was mobbed at first base, and never touched second. Only Cedeno, the runner on third, actually touched home. Ventura was awarded a single, and the ...
The left logo is the official team logo since 1968.
The right one with the letters NY is the more famous one, because it's way older and they still use it on the caps and jerseys. This iconic logo has been introduced in 1915 and was the official brand logo until 1946 and has been used on the team wear ever since.
In 1947 the Yankees introduced ...
A few that come to mind:
The "neighborhood play" at second base, where the fielder doesn't actually touch second base during a double play attempt.
Batters going to first base if a pitch that they made no effort to get out of the way of hits them. According to the rules, a batter must attempt to get out of the way of a pitch.
An outfielder using the wall ...
This is banned explicitly in the 2008 rules (only ones I could find, and may have been replaced since the new CBA was issued, but I'm going to go out on a limb that this particular section's language has not changed).
(i) PLAYER LOANS.
(1) Prohibited at Major League Level. All right or claim of a Major League
Club to a player, unless it is under ...
Five pitchers have done it. This ESPN article from April 14, 2012 lists the following three occurrences:
10 -- Tom Seaver, N.Y. Mets vs. San Diego, April 22, 1970
9 -- Ricky Nolasco, Florida at Atlanta, Sept. 30, 2009
9 -- Aaron Harang, L.A. Dodgers vs. San Diego, April 13, 2012
Then on September 27, 2012, Doug Fister of the Detroit Tigers struck out 9 ...
The man on 2nd is only out if:
The 3rd baseman tags third, which would make him out by force-out
The 3rd baseman tags the player.
If the man on 2nd decides to not run to third, then he would only be out by one of those two options. It's only a force if you tag the base the runner is required to go to by rule.
3B's claim is incorrect; the runner on ...
The Baseball-Reference.com Batting Game Finder has data going back to 1903. To get the list of pitchers who have hit home runs in the postseason, make the following setting changes on that page:
select "Find Players with Most Matching Games in Multiple Years"
for "Batter's Defensive Position", make sure ...
I think you're confusing "run" and "home run". In high-level terms:
A run is scored when a player starts off as a batter then makes it all the way back round to home plate without being put out, no matter if he stops at any bases along the way.
A home run happens when a batter hits the ball over the fences (or equivalent). When this happens, any players ...
This isn't perfectly answerable, because it's easy to come up with specific things that only occur once if you get complicated enough.
However, if you limit it to things that would merit a sports news organization writing an article about it, then probably the most rare occurrence is a team scoring in every inning for a full nine inning game (meaning, ...
Pitcher mound is a result of trial and error in order to find the perfect distance and height that will be some kind of point of equality so the pitcher and the batter won't be advantage on each other and ensuring the attraction of the game.
It is because we don't want a game when a pitcher is always striking out players and on the other hand we don't want ...
According to baseballrules.com:
A batter may switch to the other box after every pitch if he so
desires. He may do it on any ball strike count. One of the oldest
myths in baseball is the one that says you can't switch boxes when you
have two strikes on you.
The only restriction on the batter is that he may not step into the other box after the ...
The pitcher has the final decision, since he is the one throwing the pitch. Before every game, the pitcher, catcher and pitching coach meet to discuss pitching strategies. They already have an approach before the batter steps into the batter's box.
The catcher then signals the pitcher (sometimes, the coach will signal the catcher first). This is primarily ...
This is governed by Rule 7.10
[The runner is out on appeal when] With the ball in play, while advancing or returning to a base, he fails to touch each base in order before he, or a missed base, is tagged.
So if you miss a bag on your home run trot, you not only have to hit that bag, but you need to go back to each one and re round the bases. IIRC it is ...
This was actually a fairly tough on to dig up. As you mention in your question, the East and West swapped back and forth, and until 1985 the AL and NL were in sync. However something happened in 1985. Change came to the playoffs. The LCS were changed from 5 games to 7 and in addition the commissioner decided that the AL and NL would go to opposite divisions ...
If a runner scores before the third out is made on a play such as you describe, the run counts. The runner on first stealing second is not considered a force play, therefore, the run counts.
Rule 5.08(a) states:
One run shall be scored each time a runner legally advances to
and touches first, second, third and home base before three men
are put out ...
According to Wikipedia, the 7th Inning Stretch is something that is widely disputed, and no real record exists of exactly when it started. There are several accounts of what could have started it, but no real proof that any of them are the real reason it was started. Can't really comment on why it's in the 7th inning and not earlier in the game.
Thrown baseballs move a lot faster than people. The ball will get to second and then back to home again before the runner from third can make it home, particularly as the runner on third has to delay starting until the catcher has thrown the ball to second at all.
There are a couple reasons, but the primary one is thinking about the location of the runners by the time the ball is picked up.
There are a few things you're correct about:
There is a force out at third.
Throwing to a closer base is generally safer.
Getting an out at third would probably have prevented at least one run from scoring.
But, it's important ...