I took an umpiring class this past Spring (2012), so I can offer what we were taught.
Regardless of whether a pitch is a strike or a ball, we were taught to wait a "tick" to be sure of what we've seen. If nothing else, this mindset helps one watch the pitch all the way into the glove.
If the call is a strike, one should rise from the slightly crouched ...
The exception about first base being unoccupied is to prevent a catcher from intentionally dropping a third strike and then getting a double-play. If there are two outs, that prevention isn't necessary.
As for the reasoning behind the rule itself, I can't find a definitive resource, but speculation is that an out needs a successful defensive player and an ...
Absolutely. From the 2018 MLB 0fficial Rules:
A player, or players, may be substituted during a game at any time the ball is dead.
When a batter leaves the game with two strikes against him, and the substitute batter
completes a strikeout, the official scorer shall charge the strikeout and the time at
bat to the ...
There is an interesting unwritten rule that actually gets contradicted in the official MLB rules. The "tie goes to the runner" claim is one that most baseball fans have heard.
Rule 6.05j states that "a batter is out when after a third strike or
after he hits a fair ball, he or first base is tagged before he
touches first base."
So in this case the ...
There are several things, including a major one that you mentioned before which is the break of the curveball/slider.
Generally speaking, hitters can handle pitches on the inside portion of the plate better than the outside. Also, hitters can track and see a ball that is moving towards them better than away. So for a lefty on lefty (or righty on righty) ...
Most Major League starting pitchers have between three and four different kinds of pitches that they can throw throughout the game. Examples are
The break and speed of these pitches vary quite dramatically so it's important for the catcher to know what's coming.
The reason that a pitcher has so ...
I think that rule 7.08e is the key here:
(e) He fails to reach the next base before a fielder tags him or the
base, after he has been forced to advance by reason of the batter
becoming a runner. However, if a following runner is put out on a
force play, the force is removed and the runner must be tagged to be
put out. The force is removed as soon ...
The verbiage is a little thick on these rules, so maybe some examples will help:
The winning pitcher is defined as the pitcher who last pitched prior to the half-inning when the winning team took the lead for the last time.
a. Exception 1, the starting pitcher must pitch at least 5 innings to be eligible for a win.
b. Exception 2, if a relief pitcher, who ...
You're not alone; sometimes even the commentators, who have the same "over-the-shoulder" long-lens view that the folks at home do, will simply refer to a pitch as a "breaking ball" if it drops sharply or curves outside, even though a number of specific pitches can do that.
The fundamental theory of pitching is that the batter gains an advantage over the ...
The run does not count. According to MLB rules:
4.09 HOW A TEAM SCORES.
(a) One run shall be scored each time a runner legally advances to and touches first,
second, third and home base before three men are put out to end the inning.
EXCEPTION: A run is not scored if the runner advances to home base during a
play in which the third out is made (1) by the ...
Running through the list of complete game no-hitters on Wikipedia, there's only one loss by a pitcher that completed a no-hitter. As this page notes:
The only starting pitcher to lose a complete-game no-hitter was Ken
Johnson of the Houston Colt 45s (pre-Astros), who lost to Cincinnati
1-0 on April 23, 1964. Johnson's throwing error allowed Pete Rose ...
There are two ways to deliver a pitch from the mound:
Most pitchers will pitch out of the windup when there are no runners on base. It usually helps with the pitchers rhythm. They are able to use a high leg kick and deliver a pitch.
Some relievers will pitch out of the stretch whether or not there is a runner on base. This is ...
According to UmpiresMedia.com, getting a “head start” is considered illegal in professional baseball. Actually, it is listed in the rules you linked
Rule 5.09(c)(1) Comment (Rule 7.10(a) Comment): “Retouch,” in this
rule, means to tag up and start from a contact with the base after the
ball is caught. A runner is not permitted to take a flying start ...
This has happened before, most notably the Grand Slam Single of the 1999 NLCS.
The Braves and Mets were tied 3-3 in the bottom of the ninth. The Mets loaded the bases, and Robin Ventura crushed a grand slam. He was mobbed at first base, and never touched second. Only Cedeno, the runner on third, actually touched home. Ventura was awarded a single, and the ...
The left logo is the official team logo since 1968.
The right one with the letters NY is the more famous one, because it's way older and they still use it on the caps and jerseys. This iconic logo has been introduced in 1915 and was the official brand logo until 1946 and has been used on the team wear ever since.
In 1947 the Yankees introduced ...
La Russa's penchant for batting the pitcher 8th got a fair amount of press a few years ago.
This link from Retrosheet does some significantly more detailed statistical analysis about general lineup composition.
Here's a PDF from 1999 that does a comparison between Larussa and Gant.
These basically conclude that there is essentially no ...
A few that come to mind:
The "neighborhood play" at second base, where the fielder doesn't actually touch second base during a double play attempt.
Batters going to first base if a pitch that they made no effort to get out of the way of hits them. According to the rules, a batter must attempt to get out of the way of a pitch.
An outfielder using the wall ...
This happens so much that Grey at razzball even has a term for it. The "Disgraceful List."
The problem with regulating this is that the MLB is very concerned about protecting their players. If the office of the commissioner incorrectly rejected a DL stint for someone that was actually hurt and the Player's Union could prove that there was indeed an injury, ...
This is banned explicitly in the 2008 rules (only ones I could find, and may have been replaced since the new CBA was issued, but I'm going to go out on a limb that this particular section's language has not changed).
(i) PLAYER LOANS.
(1) Prohibited at Major League Level. All right or claim of a Major League
Club to a player, unless it is under ...
Five pitchers have done it. This ESPN article from April 14, 2012 lists the following three occurrences:
10 -- Tom Seaver, N.Y. Mets vs. San Diego, April 22, 1970
9 -- Ricky Nolasco, Florida at Atlanta, Sept. 30, 2009
9 -- Aaron Harang, L.A. Dodgers vs. San Diego, April 13, 2012
Then on September 27, 2012, Doug Fister of the Detroit Tigers struck out 9 ...
The man on 2nd is only out if:
The 3rd baseman tags third, which would make him out by force-out
The 3rd baseman tags the player.
If the man on 2nd decides to not run to third, then he would only be out by one of those two options. It's only a force if you tag the base the runner is required to go to by rule.
3B's claim is incorrect; the runner on ...
The Baseball-Reference.com Batting Game Finder has data going back to 1903. To get the list of pitchers who have hit home runs in the postseason, make the following setting changes on that page:
select "Find Players with Most Matching Games in Multiple Years"
for "Batter's Defensive Position", make sure only "P" is checked (this will ...
I think you're confusing "run" and "home run". In high-level terms:
A run is scored when a player starts off as a batter then makes it all the way back round to home plate without being put out, no matter if he stops at any bases along the way.
A home run happens when a batter hits the ball over the fences (or equivalent). When this happens, any players ...
This isn't perfectly answerable, because it's easy to come up with specific things that only occur once if you get complicated enough.
However, if you limit it to things that would merit a sports news organization writing an article about it, then probably the most rare occurrence is a team scoring in every inning for a full nine inning game (meaning, ...