Endurance and power in curling are important during the sweeping action, and I can guarantee that after a match the players are tired (especially the two players who sweep more).
Here some evidence that talk about player training methods where you can find how physical training and endurance are important: 1 - 2 - 3
Furthermore, being able to maintain ...
Per this BBC article, the athletes will receive medals that were stripped from the banned competitors:
Britain's 4x400m relay squad from the 2008 Beijing Games got their
podium moment in front of a home crowd at the London Anniversary Games
last month, finally becoming Olympic medallists after a nine-year
They are among dozens of ...
The answer is simple, although you won't hear it in the media: it's financial.
Imagine a league like the MLB suddenly decides to test every one of its players on a given day. Immediately they end up having to suspend 5-15% of the league including many of their star players. This hurts the credibility of the league, and the credibility of every team in the ...
I boxed in the late 90s while in college. My dining hall was not feeding me enough so I was heavily smuggling food out for late night snacks. I found out that the easiest food to smuggle out and that would actually take decent were the bagels. And the only ones they had left at the end of the meals were the poppy seed ones. So I was eating 4-...
It is not enough to test on the day of the competition, even if a 100% foolproof test for all illegal substances were possible.
A doping athlete can use a drug during the training period leading up to competition, then stop use in time for any traces to disappear from the body before the test is taken. But the effects on the body (e.g. increased muscle mass)...
The U.S. Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) administers the UFC's drug testing policy. They have a website at ufc.usada.org, and on this website you can read the 21-page policy (pdf), which took effect on July 1, 2015.
Every UFC fighter is subject to unannounced, year-round drug testing by the USADA. The sanctions for testing positive is dependent on the ...
There are two good answers here that raise good points:
There is no uniformity across sports because the incentives are different in different sports. Canadian Coder's answer about MLB is a good explanation of why MLB's testing structure is much different from that of, say, swimming or cycling.
In the sports which do test extensively, as Fillet explains, in-...
I think it's best to start by explaining, for any users who may not know, what diabetes is and what insulin does.
Insulin is a hormone, produced in the pancreas, that allows the body to regulate its blood sugar levels. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas stops producing insulin; type 1 diabetics thus have to inject themselves with insulin at regular intervals, ...
Here is a list of the starters (On the right side of this page). The following have proven history of doping:
The Dutch public broadcasting station NOS stated on their website (in Dutch) a list of nine ...
The wordrecord news meantions that IPF to be the only Powerlifting federation that complies with WADA's anti-doping policies:
"When a National Federation has received an Adverse Analytical Finding on one of its Athletes it shall report the following information to the IPF and WADA within fourteen (14) days of the process described in Article 7.1: the ...
There is the national level and the international level. IAAF has forms by which athletes can send exemption forms.
IAAF Therapeutic Use Exemptions (TUE) Application Form here
Cardiovascular evaluation of athletes - IAAF
The curling case is very puzzling, as the drug in question is meldonium, which basically allows slightly greater endurance by opening up blood flow and regulating energy in the cells. Even curlers are puzzled about it, as evidenced by this article.
One of the possible side effects is tachycardia, which would be detrimental to the fine control needed for ...
It is on the WADA prohibited list as being prohibited "in competition", that doesn't mean you couldn't get a Theraputic Use Exemption (TUE) for it. TUE's for corticosteriods used to treat IBD are definitely a thing.
In general terms there's 4 criteria which must all be met for a TUE:
The athlete would experience significant health problems without ...
Talk to your governing body, not the Internet. They will be able to give you accurate advice as to exactly what is and isn't a prohibited substance and the possibility of you obtaining a therapeutic use exemption (TUE).
From a basic perspective of function, the majority of (if not all) performance-enhancing drugs do not target innate deficiencies that are due to genetics, they merely affect some bodily system in a way that improves athletic performance (hence the obvious name) regardless of whether the need for such improvement is of genetic, environmental, developmental or ...
As with the athletes at the focus of this earlier question on Sports Stack Exchange,
the national association is banned from involvement. This means no organisational presence, no Russian flag, no Russian anthem;
some individuals have specific bans, including a variety of athletes, coaches and training staff, and senior administrators (some for covering up ...
According to the article "Non-Intentional Doping in Sports" (by Mauricio Yonamine, Paula Rodrigues Garcia, Regina Lúcia Moreau) which refers to several real cases of positive doping tests and several researces, it is really possible to recieve banned substances into your body unintentionally (e.g. non-smokers could passively inhale enough marijuana, or eat ...
As Martin indicated in comments:
Meldonium, which is not approved by the FDA in the United States, is registered and prescribed in Latvia, Russia, Ukraine, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Uzbekistan, Moldova, Lithuania and Kyrgyzstan.
This paragraph cites two resources:
Mildronate (Meldonium) in professional sports – monitoring ...