21

It's called "Vanishing foam". It is used by the referees to indicate the minimum distance the players must maintain from ball, in the event of a free kick, as well as the spot from where it is taken. Some technical details: The can contains water (~80%), butane gas (~17%), surfactant (~1%), and other ingredients including vegetable oil (~2%). The foam is ...


20

They are performance trackers. They track a player's vital statistics (heart rate, etc) as well as their movement. Their average speed, their distance covered, etc. As for the "bra-like" design, it would appear to just be the result of needing a small and unencumbered design that allows for minimal interruption, maximum body contact, and full range of motion....


14

It's just a matter of convenience. If a batsman has to tie his own shoelaces, he has to remove his gloves, and also look around his pads. Try wearing pads, kneeling down, and tying your shoelaces. You'll see the pads do seem to get in the way. Also, it's not like the batsman walks very far to ask a fielder/umpire to do this. He only asks the nearest person ...


14

The precise rules for clothing are published by the international sport federations (FIVB for Beach Volleyball, FIG for gymnastics, FINA for Swimming etc.). Typically, they consist of basic rules which concern safety and fairness instead of appearance. clothing regulations to all (top-level) competitions (e.g. limits on advertising) separate rules typically ...


14

GB11's answer summarized it well what are the tracking devices. From the YouTube page of GPSSports Systems you can see that what Zlatan wears is called GPSports SPI HPU tracking device, which according to its brochure has many features, some of them being GPS, accelerometer, wireless communication, water resistance, 5.5 hours battery life, etc. The data ...


13

In general, the "anti-vandal" or "anti-theft" refers to the goal frames themselves, rather than the nets; there's very little you can do if someone is actually out to vandalise the net with a big pair of scissors or equivalent. The simplest solution by far is just to put the nets up when you need them - this then just becomes a question of whether it is more ...


12

Soccer balls are a bit different from the balls in other sports. They are often very colorful and are a significant part of the brands of the companies that make them. Unlike in sports like Baseball and American Football where a couple of suppliers make all of the baseballs for pretty much all levels of the game, and they are all identicle except the ...


12

The FIFA equipment regulations mandate: 7.6 The letters used for the Player’s name must be (...) Latin characters. Phonological diaeresis, such as accents or umlauts, are permitted. So the answer to both of your questions is: Because the FIFA laws say so. I can only speculate as to why these laws are there. Most likely, referees and spectators will ...


10

New balls are requested by the chair umpire after the first 7 games of the match, and then every 9 games thereafter. It is done this way since the players warming up with the first set of new balls is considered to amount to the normal wear and tear of 2 games. When the chair umpire calls for new balls, the ball kids (if present) will collect the balls and ...


10

Cricket has its origins as a gentleman's summer sport as opposed to football which has traditionally been a working man's sport. Cricket has hence had high clothing and cricketers have been very well-dressed since its nascent beginnings. Moreover, cricket during its early stages was not a very athletic game like what football is. Hence there was no acute ...


10

I can suggest you one of those three solutions: use it without net except during official games, on these occasions you should assemble and dismantle the net with a consequent loss of time add wheels to completely remove the goal frames at the end of matches/trainings use rigid net (it is easy to see it on 3 vs 3 ground, but I do not know if exists for ...


9

"TON" is a brand name of cricket bat manufactured by Sareen Sports Industries (also known as SS Cricket), an Indian cricket supply company.


9

According to this article: The kit man takes three shirts per player to each game – one per half, plus a spare for emergencies. Afterwards, he collects and launders them, ready for next week. For big games, the club permits the players to swap or keep their shirts, but that is agreed beforehand and the players are fined if they do it when they’re ...


9

As with much of this stuff, this is explicitly covered in the Laws of the Game. In this case, Law 1 The Field of Play, Goalposts (page 9): The goalposts and crossbar [...] must be square, rectangular, round or elliptical in shape and must not be dangerous to players. Given that the Laws explicitly allow square or rectangular posts, I don't think you're ...


8

The FIFA regulations on the ball are found in FIFA 2014/2015 Laws of the Game (PDF), Law 2: LAW 2 - THE BALL Qualities and measurements The ball is: spherical made of leather or other suitable material of a circumference of not more than 70 cm (28 ins) and not less than 68 cm (27 ins) not more than 450 g (16 oz) and not less ...


8

According to FIFA's Laws of the game PDF The size of the goalpost is 7.32 m (8 yds) x 2.44 m (8 ft). The distance between the posts is 7.32 m (8 yds) and the distance from the lower edge of the crossbar to the ground is 2.44 m (8 ft). Source: fifa.com Other characteristics (taken from the same law): A goal consists of two upright posts ...


8

Major league players, managers and coaches are required to abide by strict uniform guidelines. They are required to be in uniform, but can also wear other team apparel on top to stay warm. However, some managers have elected not to comply and wear just a team pullover for various reasons. MLB can and does check and fine repeat offenders. Terry Francona's ...


8

There doesn't seem to be an explicit line in the rules for when to use them. The only mention in the rulebook is in Rule 2: SECTION 2 - SUPPLY Each team will make 12 primary balls available for testing by the Referee two hours and 15 minutes prior to the starting time of the game to meet League requirements. The home team will also make 12 backup balls ...


8

The check at the start of the game is a simple safety check. There are no specific rules governing types of footwear except that they "should not be dangerous". In practice this means that the ref is looking for: Worn plastic studs that have developed a sharp plastic lip at the top (usually from walking on concrete) that could cut someone. Sharp studs - ...


7

As stated on the Mongoose website: We believe that when a ball gets hit, it should stay hit. That’s why we design our bats with two principal advantages over anything else in cricket: faster bat speed and bigger sweet spots. Also: The bat’s extra power comes from increased rigidity in the blade and increased flexibility in the handle – so you ...


7

It contains anesthetics. When players get hit or tackled they could be in great amount of pain, but their team still needs them to play. The physicians apply the spray and the injured body part goes numb, so players can continue playing with no pain. Source


7

Tennis balls are mostly airtight. They're made of rubber covered with felt; the rubber is quite good at keeping air in, but not perfect. Some of the answer as to why they are not more airtight is due to cost (it would cost more), some is tradition (tennis balls are largely built the same way they always have been, at least in a long time), and some is ...


7

Generally, footwear is a part of the basic compulsory equipment, i.e. no player can play barefoot: The basic compulsory equipment of a player comprises the following separate items: […] footwear (FIFA Laws of the Game 2015/2016, Law 4 – The Players’ Equipment) However, that does not mean the player would have to stop playing immediately ...


7

The FIFA Equipment Regulations state (Article 65): In the event that, in the opinion of the referee or Match Commissioner, the Playing Equipment of the two opposing teams is not clearly distinguishable for all Players, the Match Officials, spectators and media under the prevailing conditions, such as weather and light, the referee or Match ...


6

From Appendix-d For a batsman, items permitted are a protective helmet, external leg guards (batting pads), batting gloves and, if visible, forearm guards. So batting gloves are permitted (as everyone know). Now inner gloves are not necessary to wear. But some batsmen and wicket keepers wear it for absorb the sweat and more grip. From this post: ...


6

As per FIFA's "Equipment Regulations", Section 22, only the goalkeeper is permitted to wear a cap. 22.1 All goalkeepers may, irrespective of the prevailing conditions, wear a goalkeeper cap of any Colour. The goalkeeper cap must be produced by the Manufacturer of a Playing Equipment item. The goalkeepers of the same team may wear different ...


6

The curve of a cricket bat has several functions. First, it balances the bat, especially larger bats, by bringing the mass that's behind the "sweet spot" forward relative to the hands; a straight bat of a professional size and weight would have more mass behind the line indicated by the handle through the bat, and would be harder to maneuver. Second, the ...


6

That ski helmet appears to be an uvex wing rc (or similar). The first cycling helmet appears to be a Kask Mojito variant. Note that both companies make both kinds of helmets. Similarities: Mostly constructed of crushable foam An outer shell that will slip across surfaces in a collision Fit adjustment systems Moderately aerodynamic design Differences: Ski ...


6

I realize this is an older question, but I think my answer might be useful to other people with the same or similar questions. Anti-spin rubber can take the spinniest of serves and return it virtually deadened. Several rubber manufacturers create anti-spin rubber. It is designed for exactly what you're looking for, however there are some disadvantages as ...


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