64

There are a few fundamental considerations: Uncertainty is a part of the game. The referee and linesmen are the arbiters of the action. Instant replay would limit their authority. Football is global. Many places do not have access to the technology necessary to implement instant replay. Football is a fast-paced game with few opportunities for stoppage. ...


48

Wikipedia article on "offside" is very comprehensive and largely based on the official IFAB Laws of the Game. From the article, what it is: Offside is a law in football which states that if a player is in an offside position when the ball is touched or played by a teammate, he may not become actively involved in the play. A player is in an offside ...


33

This is required so that teams are able to change sides of the field for the same technical reasons why they change sides at half-time, e.g, equal field/weather conditions, wind direction, fan seating, etc. Note that now rules (Law 7 - The Duration of the Match - 2. Half-time interval) explicitly state that: Players are entitled to an interval at half-...


32

This is due to the advantage rule, From Laws of the Game - Law 5: The Referee - 3. Powers and Duties: The referee allows play to continue when an offence occurs and the non-offending team will benefit from the advantage and penalises the offence if the anticipated advantage does not ensue at that time or within a few seconds. The referee allowed to ...


31

Yes, they can. Example: During the 2012 UEFA Champions League final, Manuel Neuer of Bayern Munich took a penalty against Chelsea, when the game went into penalties. Please refer this wikipedia link. Also, when a game is being decided by penalties, then all players must have taken one penalty each, before a player can take a second penalty. So, a goal ...


29

The accepted answer is great but I might add that in kicks from the penalty mark to decide a winner, all eligible players need to have taken a kick before a player may take a second kick. This means that the goalkeeper not only can take a kick, but must take a kick before any of the other players take a second kick.


27

The FIFA Rules of the Game published for the 2011-2012 season make the following rules applicable for the captain; The referee tosses a coin and the team whose captain wins the toss decides whether to take the fi rst or the second kick [In the event of a penalty shootout...] If one team has a greater number of players than its opponents, it must reduce its ...


27

The answer is actually quite simple here. Côte d'Ivoire prefers to be referred to this way. Here's Wikipedia: Therefore, in April 1986, the government declared Côte d'Ivoire (or, more fully, République de Côte d'Ivoire) to be its formal name for the purposes of diplomatic protocol, and officially refuses to recognize or accept any translation from French ...


26

corsiKa touched on time, but I wanted to add what I think is the primary point. Perhaps not for FIFA, but personally. Soccer is a game of motion, timing, and momentum. It is not a game of plays like American football. Scoring and penalties especially are relatively uncommon, while throws and even free kicks and crosses are mostly taken pretty quickly ...


26

There is no limit to the number of red cards that a referee can give, though the game would be stopped as soon as there are less than 7 players of a team remaining legally on the pitch. As of Law 3 in the FIFA Law Book, there cannot be less than 7 players of a team, on the field during play. In effect, a maximum of 4 on-field players of the same team can be ...


26

When Neuer left the German's penalty area, Germany were already losing 1-0 and going out of the World Cup. By effectively becoming an extra outfield player, he increased the chance of Germany scoring the goal they needed to draw the match and stay in the World Cup. It didn't work, but that doesn't mean it wasn't the right thing to try. A famous similar ...


25

The children are mascots. Each club may employ a different policy about how to become a mascot, but generally includes some of the following criteria; Whether you are a season ticket holder/ member Between a certain age Whether it's your birthday, etc. Being a mascot gives you an experience which again depends on what team you're a mascot for but could ...


25

FIFA's Law 5 from the Laws of the Game 2011-12 notes: Decisions of the referee The decisions of the referee regarding facts connected with play, including whether or not a goal is scored and the result of the match, are final. The referee may only change a decision on realising that it is incorrect or, at his discretion, on the advice of an ...


24

Yes, this was the worst defeat of a host nation in the history of the world cup! Other notable defeats are: 2010: South Africa 0 - 3 Uruguay 1958: Sweden 2 - 5 Brazil Link: World Cup 2014: Most Lopsided Football Matches, Worst Host Defeat, Biggest Soccer Blowouts in History


23

Being a football player since very young (I'm from Argentina :) ) I just could explain my point of view. When you have a casual game without offside, ball movement in the field is very weird: there is not much strategy filling spaces in the middle, and it is very common to just put the ball as far as you can in the opponent field. This makes the game more ...


22

I'm not posting this as an answer to rival the others as I feel they are excellent answers. However, this is pertinent to the question, it's interesting and it is going to be longer than a comment. Why it's better to be the home team I've read a number of articles over the years about how playing an away game can be a considerable disadvantage above the ...


22

It would certainly be allowed, but it would likely be a failed strategy in soccer. In professional soccer, you only get 3 substitutes per game. If you burn one on pulling out your keeper, then if you accomplish your goal and tie the score, if you go to overtime, you're stuck with no keeper on the field. So subbing in a field player for a keeper is ...


22

No goal. This is a basic rule of football: it's the position of the ball that matters, not the players. Specifically quoting from the Laws of the Game, Law 10 - The Method of Scoring (page 35): A goal is scored when the whole of the ball passes over the goal line, between the goalposts and under the crossbar (my emphasis). In your example, the whole ...


21

Messi had 50 goals in La Liga and another 14 goals in the Champions League, 3 goals in the Spanish Cup, 3 goals in the Spanish Supercup, 1 in the UEFA Super Cup and 2 in the Club World Cup. Which makes 73 goals in total on 2011/2012. Messi didn't break Dean's record but he has broken a lot of other records: Most goals in one season in La Liga (previous ...


21

Referees and FIFA are now trying to prevent diving with more frequent punishments as part of their ongoing target to stop all kinds of simulation in football. The game's rules now state that: "Any simulating action anywhere on the field, which is intended to deceive the referee, must be sanctioned as unsporting behaviour" which is misconduct ...


21

I agree with the accepted answer but there is something else pertinent to point out. In Rugby, the ref has a very simple and commonly used option when a player backchats or abuses him for giving a penalty, which is to march the position of the penalty 10 metres closer to the defenders tryline. This provides a meaningful bonus in territory, or assistance in ...


21

It's called "Vanishing foam". It is used by the referees to indicate the minimum distance the players must maintain from ball, in the event of a free kick, as well as the spot from where it is taken. Some technical details: The can contains water (~80%), butane gas (~17%), surfactant (~1%), and other ingredients including vegetable oil (~2%). The foam is ...


20

I think it has to do with the traditions. I believe originally rugby was played by the higher class, with a certain upbringing. I have a colleague who works as a part time rugby ref and he's puzzled as to why the ref doesn't send off half of the players in a football game. I, on the other hand, am often puzzled as to how the refs command so much respect in ...


20

Several types of tracking technology exist, and the type used depends upon the the circumstances of the competition. In training, some teams are now tracking with systems like RedFIR, a German technology comprised of tiny (15 gram) radio transmitters that can be placed in uniforms, footwear or balls, and a network of receivers set up around the field. The ...


19

There is another problem with applying instant replays beyond just interrupting the flow of the game. It all stems from the nature of football in sometimes lacking breaks in play for quite some time. So how will this cause a problem? Well, let us say that the referee is allowed to use a radio link to the video referee. A long ball is played up to player X, ...


19

There have been quite a few studies in football/soccer discussing home field advantage. In blog post titled "Home Field Advantage: What You See Depends On Where You Look (And What You Make Of Draws)", Chris Anderson writes about a book discussing home field advantage in football: In these chapters, Moskowitz and Wertheim first document that the home ...


19

Indeed Olympic football rules are different for men and women tournament and preliminary (qualifying) and final (Olympics) competitions: Men’s Tournament All players participating in the preliminary and final competitions of the Tournament shall be born on or after 1 January 1989. However, a maximum of three male players who do not meet this ...


19

On page 55 of the 2014/15 FIFA Laws of the Game, in the Kicks from the Penalty Mark procedure, it says Unless otherwise stated, the relevant Laws of the Game and International F.A. Board Decisions apply when kicks from the penalty mark are being taken. This means that, since no other description is given, Law 14 (governing Penalty Kicks during the game)...


19

They are performance trackers. They track a player's vital statistics (heart rate, etc) as well as their movement. Their average speed, their distance covered, etc. As for the "bra-like" design, it would appear to just be the result of needing a small and unencumbered design that allows for minimal interruption, maximum body contact, and full range of motion....


18

Being extremely interested in this myself, I used data taken from the English 2010-2011 season in the Premier League, Championship and divisions 1 and 2, to compile the following statistics; Division | # of Games | % Home Wins | % Away Wins | % Draws | # Home Wins | # Away Wins | # Draws | Premier League | 380 | 47.1 | 23.7 | 29....


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