11

In the "old days (up to about 50 years ago), teams had two "ends" at either end of the line (i.e., 'tight' to the line and therefore 'tight end(s)') to receive passes. Other pass receivers included two "halfbacks" and one "fullback" situated behind the quarterback. Then teams decided that they only needed one halfback behind the quarterback, and moved the ...


10

This is a more complex question than I initially thought, and most of that stems from some weird wording in the NFL rules. The provision that allows the QB to throw the ball away once he's outside the tackle position refers specifically to that - "the tackle position." (Rule 8, Section 2, Article 1, Item 1.) However, the tackle position is never fully ...


9

The biggest difference is in the number of Defensive Backs on the field for the play, and you would use the dime defense to prevent the mid to longer range passes. A couple of explanations below will help clarify it for you. While it is great in the pass game, it does leave the defense susceptible to the run. In American football, the dime defense is a ...


9

The rules actually don't say anything about formations. The only thing they say is that there are 11 players per side - one of which is designated a goalkeeper, and that if a team drops below 7 players the match cannot start/continue (source: IFAB Law 3: The Players.) Formations are all about strategy. If the team is playing an attacking strategy, they will ...


8

There is no requirement to have a wicket-keeper at all times. However, according to Law 40.1: If by his actions and positioning it is apparent to the umpires that he will not be able to discharge his duties as a wicket-keeper, he shall forfeit this right and also the right to be recognised as a wicket-keeper He will therefore not be allowed to keep ...


8

If one just takes your question by its title then obviously there are plenty of strikers who also comply significant defensive roles. In fact in the famous game Football Manager there is a specifically designed role called "Defensive Forward" who closes down the opponent a lot and try to tackle. In real life the most famous example of such a forward is Wayne ...


6

The requirement of seven offensive players on the line of scrimmage was an outcome of trying to make football 'a more open game.' (see The Forward Pass in Football) To summarize the issue with football in the early twentieth century, the game was low-scoring, and most plays consisted of handing the ball to one player and having a him surrounded by his ten ...


6

There is no requirement to have 11 fielders on the field at all times. Law 1 (The players) makes provision for the number of players per team to be varied by agreement of the captains: By agreement a match may be played between sides of fewer than, or more than, eleven players, but not more than eleven players may field at any time. A no-ball will not be ...


6

As Tom Au stated, from a backer's perspective, the ”strong side” can simply be considered the side with the most receivers. But in even more overly simplified rule-of-thumb terms, the “strong side” is often the side of the ball with the most distance to the sideline – space – the most open-field to cover ... where you generally want your “strongest” [most ...


6

For the defense, there are three zones: the line (ends and tackles), behind the line (linebackers) and the backfield (cornerbacks and safetys.) The x-y-z defenese refers to the number of men on the line, linebackers and backfield respectively, that is 4-2-5. The confusion arises from the fact that the "3-4" defense is really the 3-4-(4), and likewise the "...


5

Sorry I can't comment on wax eagle's answer, as I don't have 50 rep; I did, however, want to note that in 2013 the NFL added formation requirements to the Defense: ILLEGAL FORMATION: The defense cannot have more than six players on the line of scrimmage on either side of the snapper during kicking plays. This rule is designed to protect players who are in ...


5

Ron Roenicke, manager of the Milwaukee Brewers, has brought in an outfielder to be a fifth infielder on numerous "sudden-death" occasions. For example, the game is tied, the Brewers are the road team, and the home team has a man on 3B with one out. If the runner at third is the only runner, then Ron Roenicke typically walks the next batter (and will walk ...


5

Generally in defensive formations they are listed "downline men - linebackers - defensive backs*" (*defensive backs are not usually listed, 4-2-5 is an exception). So in 4-2-5, you have 4 down linemen, 2 linebackers and 5 defensive backs in this setup. This is a setup where you are expecting the pass, and have confidence in your linemen to get pressure on ...


5

The easiest way is to watch the pregame show. Usually about 5-10 minutes before kickoff they will show the two teams and their formation on the field. This can also be a good way to familiarize yourself with different players. If you miss the pregame show and are just watching the run of play, it can be tougher, but still possible. Formations are always ...


4

Both Ronan's and user2184's answers are about right. The captain exits first because so that they can shake the ref's and other captains hand before the rest of the team. This because they are supposed to lead by example and,although it is not seen in the modern game as much as it still is in rugby, be the most senior player on the pitch. Tradition ...


4

Nothing is ever obsolete in football, it always works in cycles. At the moment the defensive midfielder (a sole one as opposed to a two) has a prominent role in intercepting and conducting attacks however that may change when they begin to get exploited down in the space located to the sides of the position they cover. Another potential reasoning for it's ...


4

As Phab mentioned, teams do not have to give any indication of their formation. They only need to provide a list of 11 players who will take the field at the start. The broadcasting companies take an educated guess, with the help of pundits and experts, as to the formation of the team and positions of the players. They are right most of the time but could be ...


4

The Shotgun is mostly about understanding the play that has been called and throwing the football. You take the snap and can read the field. Under center you need to be progressing through your reads while letting your steps dictate the progression. If you've never done it it's a huge learning curve, which also requires consistent and solid footwork. It's ...


3

The problem in answering this question is that there isn't just one style of "spread" offense. While Tim Tebow and Cam Newton may have both run the spread, they ran it in almost completely different ways. With that said, there is an underlying theme to the spread offense. In a typical spread offense, the QB lines up in a shotgun formation with a 4-WR ...


3

Wishbone requires a tough quarterback. Like stated earlier, they get hit A LOT. The offense can still work with smart disciplined offense players. My high school ran it sometimes and it opens up play-action passes quite well. Play to your strengths. If you have big road-grader lineman, a big tough fullback, a smart QB with speed, along with a fast HB, you ...


3

I haven't seen a pro team use a sweeper in YEARS. It's not about man-to-man marking, it's about pressuring the ball, getting the team compact behind the ball and blocking all the dangerous/penetrating passing lanes. You will always see the 4 at the back in a straight line when defending and staggered on possession. Any smart forward will play in line With a ...


3

In addition to the historical reasons, the reason that not only do you have to have 7 men on the line, but you have to have a particular seven men, is to avoid confusion about who is eligible to catch a pass. From the rulebook, rule 7 section 5: Section 5 Position of Players at the Snap Article 1: Offensive Team. The offensive team must be in compliance ...


3

It really depends on the manager. In Belgium I've seen managers give their full line up including exact positions in pregame interviews, while in other games they would even leave a spot open until right before kick off. So, sometimes they know it exactly. Other times they may have to make an educated guess. When TV broadcasters show the team they ...


3

In the modern game there are two kind of wingers: wing-backs and attacking wingers The difference between a wing-back and a full-back is that the former has more attacking duties, mostly because there are no wide midfielders or wide attackers in the team. Usually a 5-defenders formation contains wing-backs, where you have 3 center backs, so the two side ...


3

According to the regulation for the Women World Cup (page 35): Each team is responsible for arriving at the stadium at the latest 90 minutes before the kick-off of the respective match and for providing the completed start list to the FIFA General Coordinator upon such arrival. Each team is responsible for ensuring that the start list is completed properly ...


3

The simplest answer is exactly as Joe said: because them's the rules. Most rules relating to offensive formations are designed to help out the defense; it's generally understood that because the offense knows what they're going to do to try to move the ball and the defense doesn't, the defense is at a significant disadvantage in their job. To assist the ...


3

From my view as a long-term goalie... They shoot there, because it's one of the very few options they have. If you guard the near post and place the wall for the long post you have to run backwards, if the kicker aims for the long post. A curl shot (a shot with a high arc) would almost be impossible to save from there. Having to run backwards is a huge ...


2

One of the defensive ploys that manager Joe Maddon of the Tampa Bay Rays has employed is to shift the field heavily to right field when left-handed hitters (such as Boston Red Sox's David Ortiz) come to bat. He was one of the first coaches to use to this against Ortiz and now almost every MLB employs a similar defensive shift. (Source) Also last year ...


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