15

NHL players started wearing helmets for the most part after a player, Bill Masterson, died from a check that caused him to hit his head on the ice at speed. That occurred in 1968. The mandate was about a decade later: [I]t took another ten years before the then-President of the NHL, John Ziegler, made protective helmets mandatory for all new incoming ...


11

The referee will not require two players from the same team to leave the field if they collide and they need immediate attention (ie. are seriously injured). p. 73 - 74 of the 2013/14 FIFA Laws of the Game (abridged for clarity): The referee must adhere to the following procedure when dealing with injured players: ... play is allowed to ...


10

To a large extent, "positions" aren't defined in the NFL - there's nothing that says that only "a quarterback" can do stuff which a quarterback normally does. If the Patriots wanted Edelman to throw a pass, they can do that, whether that be for one play or the rest of the game. They could equally do this with a running back, a cornerback or any other player, ...


9

Good try, but that's not what it means. It means that the player is healthy and eligible to play, but the coach has decided not to use him. Players usually become a healthy scratch after poor performances or as a wake-up call.


9

Follow your feelings and do what you love! Why do runners love running? Runner can experience wears such as blisters, feel odd pains or feel pains too late. If you have too much adrenaline in your blood, you may feel abrupt pain at the very end and not during running -- this makes it extremely important to design training schedule or you may break your ...


7

It contains anesthetics. When players get hit or tackled they could be in great amount of pain, but their team still needs them to play. The physicians apply the spray and the injured body part goes numb, so players can continue playing with no pain. Source


6

Quarterbacks are not more prone to injury. According to a Washington Post Article, a QB is injured once every 236 plays, while running backs and wide receivers are injured on average every 50-80 plays. Another way to measure the injury chance is the number of players on injured reserve: which also shows that being QB is one of the safer positions. Reasons ...


6

The spray is actually a burst of very cold water/mist with ingredients to help/make it cool (I don't have one on hand to know what is inside). The term 'magic' can refer to its history and the seemingly miraculous way the player gets back on his feet. It is cold because it can help with reducing inflammation which in turn can reduce pain on knocks / joints. ...


6

It is for player safety. if you jump in the air to go over someone you basically put the defender in a position where they must commit an illegal tackle. Really the only/most effective tackle of a guy in the air is to put your head down and spear him... good luck wrapping him up. the player being tackled has a much better chance of getting a helmet to ...


5

This site gives a description of throwing technique for a cricketer: http://www.coachingcricketexcellence.co.uk/cricket-coaching-advice/catching-and-fielding/how-to-throw.shtml It describes the side-on technique, where you point with your non-throwing arm towards your target and you then can use your weight to provide impetus to the ball. For a different, ...


5

If the referee stops play while the ball is still in play (for an injury or a pitch invasion or any other reason), play is restarted with a dropped ball. FIFA Laws of the Game 2015/16 Law 8: Start and Restart of Play Definition of dropped ball A dropped ball is a method of restarting play when, while the ball is still in play, the referee is required ...


5

Other answers cover a lot of ground, but I wanted to note that the game today is different than the game in the helmetless era. Consider: Bernie Geoffrion is given credit for inventing the slapshot, and his playing career was from 1950-1968. Slapshots are much faster than other shots. Bobby Hull and Stan Mikita are credited with curving the blades on their ...


4

There is always a reserved umpire in any match. So if any umpire get injured the reserved umpire is called for umpiring. Mostly host nation's umpires are used as reserved umpires. See in a Test match between New Zealand and West Indies Gregory Brathwaite is a reserved umpire.


4

The spray is an aerosol containing menthol. Menthol cools, and the act of spraying aerosol is cooling. (Boyle/Charles/Combined Gas Laws -- when the pressure of a gas is reduced, the temperature goes down.) By drastically cooling the area, it applies temporary pain relief. Very temporary, but for minor dings it gets rid of the pain so they can play. Most (...


4

In the NFL, there are injury designations. The injury designations indicate what percentage or chance that they'll play for that given day. The NFL specifically has one that outlines them based on percentages: Inactive (IA) - Players are officially inactive for the current game and will not play Out (O) – Not scheduled to play Doubtful (D) – Players ...


4

Assuming you're talking about the 'armor' some batters wear (not a purely supportive brace made out of terry cloth or similar), the leg brace is usually to shield the batter from a ball striking his leg, often caused by a foul off of a ball in on the hands. Those balls can come with substantial force directly down into a player's ankle or calf (or higher ...


4

According to this article: Waived/Injured: When a team waives an injured player any other team may claim him. If a player clears waivers the player is immediately reverted to IR or the team will negotiate an injury settlement to allow the player to pursue other opportunities with another club. Injury settlement: Instead of putting the waived/injured player ...


4

You should start excising atleast a week before you start playing. Since its been so long since you played, your knees and muscles would be a little rusty. You might want to stretch them out. Don't just start playing one fine day, trust me, you will have to endure a lot of pain and discomfort after the game. Take it slow Start by getting up in the morning ...


4

Yes, and it's not because they were especially stupid. People even a couple generations ago were dramatically less risk-averse than today. They accepted a certain risk of injury as part of playing professional sports, and they didn't consider the risk of a head injury as being particularly high (until, as Joe mentions, one incident caused a shift in ...


3

The injury report dates back to 1947, after a player unexpectedly did not play in a game, which ended up having significant impacts to wagering over the game. As such, the injury report serves the purpose of ensuring no funny business occurs related to injured players (not only that players who are expected to play do, and who are expected not to do not; ...


3

From Wikipedia article "Glossary of ice hockey terms": Healthy scratch An uninjured player on the roster who does not dress for a game. Only 20 players (22 in international competition) are allowed to dress for a game, players who are not going to play are considered scratches. From Arizona Coyotes article "Advanced Hockey Lingo": ...


3

No, the NBA team can not pay a player less than his contract due to injury. They can, however, get a salary cap extension under the Disabled Player Extension, as detailed: (4) Disabled Player Exception. A team may replace a player who suffers a season-ending injury with one player making up to 50% of the injured player’s current salary, up to a maximum of ...


3

Certainly at the local level here in the uk for non serious injury we would use a player or spectator as the square leg or non strikers end umpire whilst standing at the bowlers end for both bowlers. At representative and first class level you will have a reserve / 3rd umpire appointed who would take over the duties of the umpire who had become ...


3

If an onfield umpire is ill or injured in an international match, then he is replaced by the third umpire. The duties of the third umpire are then performed by the fourth umpire. An example of this was 1st ODI: India v Australia at Vadodara where the planned umpire Mark Benson fell ill shortly before the match, and was replaced by the planned 3rd Umpire, ...


3

Compared to many other sports fencing is much safer. There is an article on this by Peter Harmer. For prevalence: Studies in Table 10.1 indicate consistent findings of a time-loss rate of 0.0 to 0.3 per 1,000 athlete exposures (AE) across a wide variety of competition and training settings. By comparison, soccer and basketball ...


3

Bill Barnwell, then of Football Outsiders, developed a metric called Adjusted Games Lost in 2008. It attempts to assign an "injury cost" to each game missed by a player. He explains it further in a New York Times article: That metric builds upon eight seasons of data, from 2001 to 2008, to assign each game missed by a player a numerical value of “injury ...


3

@ThomasDB is quite right in his comment. It would be difficult to hide, with the modern technology and the press being on top of literally everything. That doesn't mean the coaches have to be 100% honest or don't have the wiggle-room in press conferences. For example, Mourinho is quite famous for "overestimating" injuries to his key players, only to ...


3

You are thinking of the NCAA rule, in the NBA the injured player cannot reenter the game. Here's the rule from Nba.com: Section II-Shooting of Free Throw a. The free throw(s) awarded because of a personal foul shall be attempted by the offended player. EXCEPTIONS: (1) If the offended player is injured or is ejected from the game and cannot ...


3

There are some improvements in technique that you can use, although they'll take practice. This page describes good lunging technique to move efficiently and prevent injury. With regards to keeping your ankles safe, pay particular attention to the following: The foot must point in the direction of the lunge The heel must strike first If you have an ...


3

Coach-D gave a fair explanation. Consider also that a hurdle that doesn't clear the opponent looks like a ninja kick, cleats out, to a defense player. I assume the NFHS (National Federation of State High School Associations) doesn't want officials having to make a judgement call between a poorly executed hurdle and the personal foul of a ninja kick. 2016 ...


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