Wikipedia article on "offside" is very comprehensive and largely based on the official FIFA's Laws of the Game.
From the article: what it is:
Offside is a law in football which states that if a player is in an offside position when the ball is touched or played by a teammate, he may not become actively involved in the play. A player is in an offside ...
This is due to the advantage rule, From Laws of the Game - Law 5: The Referee - 3. Powers and Duties:
The referee allows play to continue when an offence occurs and the
non-offending team will benefit from the advantage and penalises the
offence if the anticipated advantage does not ensue at that time or
within a few seconds.
The referee allowed to ...
I found it! When the batting team requires only 1 run to win and batsman scores run(s) on No ball it does not count towards batsman's runs. So in the given case the batsman will remain on 98 and batting side will win the match.
In the 3rd match between Sri Lanka and India in Sri Lanka Triangular Series, 2010 (between Sri Lanka, India and New ...
There is no limit to the number of red cards that a referee can give, though the game would be stopped as soon as there are less than 7 players of a team remaining legally on the pitch.
As of Law 3 in the FIFA Law Book, there cannot be less than 7 players of a team, on the field during play. In effect, a maximum of 4 on-field players of the same team can be ...
FIFA's Law 5 from the Laws of the Game 2011-12 notes:
Decisions of the referee
The decisions of the referee regarding facts connected with play,
including whether or not a goal is scored and the result of the
match, are ﬁnal. The referee may only change a decision on realising
that it is incorrect or, at his discretion, on the advice of an
Being a football player since very young (I'm from Argentina :) ) I just could explain my point of view.
When you have a casual game without offside, ball movement in the field is very weird: there is not much strategy filling spaces in the middle, and it is very common to just put the ball as far as you can in the opponent field. This makes the game more ...
I agree with the accepted answer but there is something else pertinent to point out. In Rugby, the ref has a very simple and commonly used option when a player backchats or abuses him for giving a penalty, which is to march the position of the penalty 10 metres closer to the defenders tryline. This provides a meaningful bonus in territory, or assistance in ...
I think it has to do with the traditions. I believe originally rugby was played by the higher class, with a certain upbringing. I have a colleague who works as a part time rugby ref and he's puzzled as to why the ref doesn't send off half of the players in a football game. I, on the other hand, am often puzzled as to how the refs command so much respect in ...
It's called "Vanishing foam".
It is used by the referees to indicate the minimum distance the players must maintain from ball, in the event of a free kick, as well as the spot from where it is taken.
Some technical details:
The can contains water (~80%), butane gas (~17%), surfactant (~1%), and other ingredients including vegetable oil (~2%).
The foam is ...
You count all the players on the field. It doesn't matter if they are lying on the field, looking anywhere else or what are they doing.
If the defender goes outside of the field because of a situation of the game (eg: can't stop his run), he is still counted.
If the defender is outside of the field with medical attention, he is not counted (he was out of ...
When the ball is in play, the assistant referee will do their best to remain in line with whichever one of
the second closest defending player to the goal line;
the ball; or
the halfway line
is closest to the goal line (p.86 - FIFA 2014/15 Laws of The Game).
They will generally side-step, only running facing the goal line when required to do so to keep up ...
The wands that we are seeing more commonly in football are known informally as "Buzzer Flags" or, more correctly, "Referee Paging Systems".
These are designed to alert the referee to his other officials, one of which may need to bring something to his attention.
For example, a referee may have his back to one of the assistant referees and an off-the-ball ...
Lets say there are no outs and a runner on 3rd, and a ball is hit to the right fielder who dives for it near the foul line. The ball is still in fair territory when the player dives for the ball, but as he lands, the ball falls out of his glove in foul territory. The umpire should have made his decision first as to whether the ball was fair/foul (so lets say ...
Section 7.1 Actions to Conserve Time - Illegal Acts (from the bold section below marked Penalty):
If the action is by the defense, the play clock will be reset to 40 seconds, and the game clock will
start on the ready signal, unless the offense chooses to have the clock start on the snap. If the
defense has timeouts remaining, it ...
I came across many articles with summaries of studies that indicate that referee bias does in fact exist across many sports.
In "Basketball: Bias Refs (full article)," the blurb states:
The study found that the probability of a foul call being against a
visiting team was seven percent higher than calls against the home
team. They also noted when the ...
I think that rule 7.08e is the key here:
(e) He fails to reach the next base before a fielder tags him or the
base, after he has been forced to advance by reason of the batter
becoming a runner. However, if a following runner is put out on a
force play, the force is removed and the runner must be tagged to be
put out. The force is removed as soon ...
Different competitions have different suspension rules.
However, in most major competitions, it is not the job of the referee to check for eligibility of the players in a team's lineup. That job is given to an official provided by the competition organizers. This official shall check that every player mentioned in the team list (including substitutes) is ...
From the rulebook:
Section 5 Position of Players at the Snap
Article 1: Offensive Team. The offensive team must be in compliance with the following at the snap:
(a) It must have seven or more players on its line (3-18); and
(b) All players who are not on the line, other than the receiver of the snap under center, must be at least
one yard ...
FIFA referees are expected to be able to speak English. So if the referee who doesn't speak the language of a team -many international referees speak multiple languages- he will be talking English to them. Also notice that players know key words in English (if already not the same in their own language) such as 'sorry', foul, offside, goal ...
In answer to your first question, let's consider how it should be called.
From Law 14 - The Penalty Kick, Section 1 - Procedure:
The defending goalkeeper must remain on the goal line, facing the kicker, between the goalposts until the ball has been kicked.
The players other than the kicker and goalkeeper must be:
at least 9.15 m (10 yds) ...
A good example would be the penalty case with Costin Lazar (FC Rapid Bucharest), if I remember right, in 2009. he went down, a penalty was given but Lazar told the referee it wasn't a foul. The ball was given to Otelul and the game resumed.
However, Robbie Fowler did the same thing in an Arsenal - Liverpool match but the referee wouldn't care.
Offside contributes significantly to the dynamism of the game.
The rule of offside was part of soccer rules even before they were written.
Even at the begginning of the game it turned out that strikers that infest near the goal and forcing the defenders to stay near them are sterilizers the game out of movement and diversity.
Moreover, in my opinion, the ...
This rule was first issued to the Football League referees prior to the 1982-83 season.
FIFA instructed its referees to send off for this kind of foul prior to the 1990 World Cup.
IFAB(International Football Association Board) incroporated this law in 1997.
The concept gained notoriety in association football after an infamous incident in the 1980 FA Cup ...
The UEFA Champion's League uses goal-line technology.
This is an automated system which detects the moment the ball has crossed the goal-line under the crossbar. It sends a signal to the referee via a wrist-mounted alarm unit to show a goal has been scored. This reduces the reliance on precise visual judgements from bad angles.
The referee indicated that ...
Let's take a look at the laws of cricket.
Law 32 - 1 : Out Caught
The striker is out Caught if a ball delivered by the bowler [...] touches his bat without having previously been in contact with any fielder, and is subsequently held by a fielder as a fair catch before it touches the ground.
The above law (my emphasis) states that the ball must be held ...
Yes, it happen numerous of times.
It's like every other yellow card,
look at this from FIFA laws of the games:
Celebration of a Goal
While it is permissible for a player to demonstrate his joy when a goal has been
scored, the celebration must not be excessive.
Reasonable celebrations are allowed, but the practice of choreographed
From page 72 of FIFA's 2013-2014 Laws of The Game:
The referee may play advantage whenever an infringement or offence occurs.
This would include offside, which in Law 11, is considered as an "offence".
Traditionally (up until a few years ago), referees could only play advantage from fouls and misconduct (Law 12 offences) and infringements that occurred ...
The crucial question here is whether Jelavić received the ball after it rebounded to him off an opponent, or if the opponent played the ball.
Because the Laws of the Game define offside as (Law 11, p. 33):
A player in an offside position is only penalised if, at the moment the ball touches or is played by one of his team, he is, in the opinion of the ...
There is no maximum number of overs allowed to be bowled in a Test match. The extent of play is determined by time.
On the last day, the provisions for the "last hour" apply. At least 15 overs need to be bowled after the last hour has started. If a team is short of victory when the time is up and the 15 overs have been bowled, the match is a draw.