These are both covered by MLB Rule 9.08:
The Official Scorer shall:
(a) Score a sacrifice bunt when, before two are out, the batter advances one or more runners with a bunt and is put out at first base
(d) Score a sacrifice fly when, before two are out, the batter hits a ball in flight handled by an outfielder or an infielder running in the outfield ...
Until either the runner crosses first base, or a force out or tag has been applied, the umpire will not make a safe or out call.
Given this scenario, the umpire will not make a call either when the runner oversteps the base, or when the ball is dropped by the first baseman. As you state, the next action is the tagging of the base by the first baseman with ...
Rule 9.17(a) states:
The Official Scorer shall credit as the winning pitcher that pitcher whose team assumes a lead while such pitcher is in the game, or during the inning on offense in which such pitcher is removed from the game, and does not relinquish such lead
[ some exceptions which don't apply here ]
The relief pitcher in your example meets that ...
The 1 means they have completed 1 hole. The 17 meant they had completed 17 holes. Once you finish, they show the total score for that round.
This image illustrates it. The first number is the players total score through that point in the tournament. One player, Sean O’Hair, had completed his round, so it shows his round score. The rest haven’t, so it shows ...
The important detail here is likely that this is a detail only of scoring - it does not have any meaning on the field itself.
When the bunt or fly occurs, it is just like any other fly ball or bunt; the batter-runner is called out, and the runner presumably advances or scores.
The difference is that the scorer then rules it a sacrifice, and does not count it ...
This is best covered by MLB rule 5.09(c)(2)
5.09(c) Appeal plays
Any runner shall be called out, on appeal, when:
(2) With the ball in play, while advancing or returning to a base, he
fails to touch each base in order before he, or a missed base, is
The ball is still in play, the runner has failed to touch first and has not yet returned to the base,...
Basically, the answer is "maybe", but by-the-books and if you assume the referee agrees with you exactly, then the goal is allowed.
Strictly speaking, the presence of an attacking player in the crease (whether across the line or not) does not directly determine if a goal is allowed. See Rule 69.1:
69.1 Interference on the Goalkeeper - This rule ...
The rules of tennis are that:
The first point of a game is served from the right-hand side of the court.
After that, sides alternate.
Anything with an even number of points played (0-0, 15 all, 30 all, deuce, 30-0, 0-30, 40-15 and 15-40) is served from the right-hand side of the court - this is why it is sometimes known as the "deuce court&...
You are correct; no first down would be awarded, and the down would be 4th and 2.
You can see this from the NFL Rulebook, Rule 7, Section 3:
ARTICLE 1. NEW SERIES FOR TEAM A
A new series of four scrimmage downs is awarded to Team A when the following conditions exist:
During a given series, the ball is declared dead in possession of Team A while at or ...