11

When I started swimming seriously, about 4 years ago, I struggled with exactly the same problem. It took me a long time to break the 100m barrier for front crawl, doing bi-lateral breathing. Uni-lateral breathing was a little better but I still struggled with a sensation of panic and being out of breath. Once I had broken the 100m limit, suddenly it became ...


10

Ultimately this goes back to David Berkoff, a US Olympic backstroker in the '88 and '92 games. He realized that by dolphin kicking underwater he could go faster than swimming on top of the water (no surface tension to slow you down). Using this technique, he was able to set several world records and an NCAA championship. The problem was, this underwater ...


10

This is clear in the rules of swimming. For example, take the USA Swimming (official web site) rules, which follow from FINA. In section 102.24, Timing Rules one finds: 102.24 TIMING RULES Requirements for Official Time A. Performance Requirements (1) An official time can be achieved only in USA Swimming sanctioned or USA Swimming ...


9

To be fair, David Berkoff didn’t quite invent the underwater swimming dilemma, but he had a large part in making it an enough of an issue that FINA had to institute the 15m rule. Pre-dating Berkoff was a swimmer named Jesse Vassallo, who in 1976 was lined up against future Olympian John Naber. At a considerable height advantage, Vassallo figured he could do ...


8

It is definitely a good idea to take a day in the week to rest. Just like someone who lifts during the week or has a serious workout regiment, a rest day is necessary for the muscles to recover and gain strength.It is a good idea for you to take that day to let your body re cooperate. THis should definitely help you gain strength in your arms and legs for ...


7

You should be swimming facing directly down or slightly forwards. If you can imagine an axis going from the top of your spine straight up through the top of your head then when breathing you should rotate your head about this axis. In other words you don't move your head left or right, simply rotate your head to breath. No matter how far you have to reach ...


7

I'm pretty sure it shows the world record pace, rather than the position of the holder at that point in the race - i.e. it advances at a constant speed. Unless the TV company had exact positional data on every world record swim, it would be impossible to plot the position of the swimmer. The only reference I can find is at http://forums.usms.org/archive/...


7

The circles are actually the result of a purported recovery practice called cupping. Practitioners claim that it aids in blood flow and recovery to various body parts. Considered a form of alternative medicine, there’s no study evidence for its efficacy. It seems to be the latest fad for high level athletes.


6

Within swimming circles, underwater dolphin kicks are sometimes called the 'fifth stroke' - they can be very useful for competitive swimmers, and all the top swimmers use them and use them well. Factors that can vary between swimmers include: Some people are better on underwater dolphins than others, just like some people are better at breaststroke or ...


6

Without elaborating on the technical differences, because I'm probably not qualified to give a full answer in that respect, I'll answer the first part. The reason butterfly has a higher peak speed is that you are pulling with both arms at once. When pulling with both arms, you're going faster than the one arm pull of freestyle. When recovering both arms, ...


6

When you allow someone to complete their entire swim as a glide you do a few things that are not considered good for the sport You emphasize swimsuit technology over strength and speed Emphasizes lung capacity over strength and speed Don't use half the body Swimming is a total body sport about strength and speed. If you allow someone to go the whole way ...


6

That sounds like too much swim training to me for a 7-year-old. My kids do competitive swim training and I can't imagine getting them up for a 5AM start ! For one thing, what time will she to bed at night ? Getting enough sleep is just as important, if not more so, than the 3 elements you mentioned. It seems that young swimmers are pushed very hard at an ...


5

I use a tiny device similar to this: You push the button at every turnaround. The device counts the lengths and records the time for each. You can view the times, as well as the average etc, at the of the session. Some of the functions (e.g. pausing the clock) are a little awkward to use on my lap counter. However, I don't find this to be a major ...


5

It comes down to a couple things. Ankle flexibility is huge. Your ankles are what creates propulsion in your kick. Not your thighs, not your calves. Your ankles. The more flexible they are the more water they push back (and not down, as is typically practiced). Kicking and swimming with a narrow profile. Most swimmers feel like they have to kick big and ...


5

When I started swimming I had the same problem. I come from an ultra running background so I had very little flexibility in my ankles and poor technique. The following worked for me: do lots of stretching to get some flexibility back in my ankles. You must try to point your toes to the back and not down; Take a look at this page http://www.feelforthewater....


5

I've not used it, but the FINIS Swimsense watch claims to count strokes (and laps and distance and...) which then can be uploaded to a computer. There are also on-finger counters, although those might be more applicable to lab counting and not your application unless you really like twitching your fingers... Timed swimming on the cord, compared with ...


5

Correct, most UK pools have lane markers for public sessions which indicate which lanes are clockwise and which are anti-clockwise. These typically alternate but I believe it's less due to the splash (as suggested by Philip Kendall) and more so that swimmers don't clash arms across the lane ropes. If there are no direction markers then I would just follow ...


5

There are not many scientific studies regarding shaving legs and swimming performance but the claim "Shaving reduces drag and thus makes you faster" is supported by study of Sharp & Costill (1989) published in Medicine and Science in Sport and Exercise, however criticism of that study is small sample size, equating passive and active drag, etc.....


4

One important factor not mentioned above is core strength. Most of your buoyancy comes from air in your lungs which are obviously in the top half of your body. By using core strength in your abs it's possible to maintain a flat body position even with low natural buoyancy. I am quite a muscular guy and have been swimming from a very young age, and I can ...


4

There are a few factors to take into account here. First of all, you'll note that this technique was never really used for freestyle events. That means that the ability to swim via underwater streamlining and kicking is not faster than swimming crawl stroke at the surface. For other events, it appears that the underwater streamline kick is faster. The ...


4

I highly recommend Total Immersion Swimming or similar programs. stop kicking hard, it's a waste of energy and oxygen. find your natural buoyancy point and swim there. Any effort in swimming UP is not moving you forward. Let you head be all or mostly underwater. Relax. in freestyle (crawl) your body should be rolling side-to-side with each arm pull, so to ...


4

I used Triathlete Magazine's Essential Week-by-Week Training Guide: Plans, Scheduling Tips, and Workout Goals for Triathletes of All Levels. The author maintained that developing speed in the swim portion for triathletes comes from improving technique. Most triathletes begin triathlons after becoming competent runners or cyclists first. Very few begin ...


4

I'll go with the USA Swimming 2015 Rulebook (available on line at usaswimming.org under the Officials resources). These rules are in line with FINA international rules, so if not in the USA, your national Rulebook should still contain similar language. USA Swimming rule 102.22.4 states: A swimmer must start and finish the race in the same lane. So, ...


4

In most age-group competitions (e.g. masters, high school, etc) any short-course race longer than about 400m will have lap counters for each lane. (I say "short course" because of the number of lengths involved - for short course meters, SCM, the 400m is 16 lengths of a 25m pool, and for short course yards or SCY, which is widely contested in the USA, the ...


4

For the same reason that a number of athletes in almost every sport, and a number of officials too: they are listening to music/speech/ambient noise. For many it is a good way of mentally preparing themselves for an event, whether to calm their mind or focus their attention or build an aggravation, depending on what they listen to and what they may have ...


3

From the picture, I immediately wonder: what is your hand doing behind your hips? Take note to touch your hips when you come up, not let it drop behind it. This video explains the important principles very well: Forget about kicking. Propulsion, kicking harder, only transfers 3% of the energy expenditure (in the average swimmer) into forward motion ...


3

I will take the other approach. I support the new training. 1.5 hours is less than the 2 to 3 hours she'll be swimming in high school. If she is elite enough, then it will be even more time. Burnout is always a concern. Something comforting is that Missy Franklin apparently had a very similar workout regimen to the one you're considering for your daughter....


3

@ Millie Smith.. while doing front crawl aka Free style. Don't look forward it will drop your hips down and during breathe recovery you'll find yourself struggling to come up to water surface to breathe. Instead keep your Head + Back + Hip linear.And movement of these must be same and synchronized. Make sure these 3 make a linear line rather than an arc or ...


3

There must be an imbalance in your stroke. The most likely being a difference in your arm strokes, or in the degree that you are rolling side-to-side for each arm in freestyle (crawl). Have a look at the way your arms are pulling. Is your right elbow bent more that the left? Is your right arm pulling back as far as the left? Breaststroke kick is also hard to ...


3

You can buy nose clips on Amazon, a lot of swimmers use them. I don't know what they are like but from what I read some people use them if they have allergies to chemicals in a pool. That could be the problem you are having? Here is an excerpt from a good article on the pros and cons of using a nose clip. Advantages: If your nose is allergic to pool ...


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