VO2 = VO2 Max, Maximum volume of oxygen (O2) that can be absorbed by the body
LSD = Long Slow Distance run
HR = Heart Rate
HRMAX = Maximum Heart Rate, useful to get 60% and 85% values for training effect
RHR = Resting Heart Rate
OR = Olympic Record
WR = World Record
NR = National Record
CR = Competition Record/Commonwealth record
There seems to be some debate on where the term started.
One common explanation is that it was adapted from the French word l'oeuf (pronounced "luff"), which means egg or zero. In American sports, we often use a similar term of goose egg to refer to a score of zero.
The Oxford Dictionary also believes that the term "Love" could have been adapted from the ...
That's a bonus marker.
A team who commits 7 fouls gives the other team a bonus - which gives a free throw with every foul from that point on.
The second B on the second image indicate that a team has reached 10 fouls (in HS and college this is the double bonus and means that you shoot 2 foul shots from there forward instead of 1 and 1)
American football is called football because of its origin. Its like soccer, can be traced back to rugby football where you use your feet to kick a ball at a goal or successfully carry a ball over a goal line. Over time, some rules were changed such as the concept of line of scrimmage and of four downs and a certain distance required to get more downs and, ...
The strong safety lines up on the strong side - whichever side of the center has the most lineman on it (typically the tight end is the extra guy). If both sides have an equal amount of lineman (maybe a tight end on both sides of the line) the strong safety will typically line up across from whichever tight end they want to shut down in the passing game or ...
Joe Gibbs, the former Washington Redskins coach (1981–1992, 2004-2007), is widely credited with making the phrase popular in a Washington Post article in 1982. Supposedly, he tried to use it to motivate his 1981 team that was off to a terrible 0-4 start and had the worst offensive efficiency in the league when inside their opponents' 20 yard line. The ...
The release clause (RC) fee is the minimum amount of money that a club has to accept for a particular player. So to answer your question, if Player A has a RC fee of €40M, bidding €39,9M could be rejected if the club doesn't want to sell the player, but they cannot reject €40M, and thus have to give permission for the bidding team to offer a contract to the ...
This is an example of play calling in the West Coast Offense. The play call itself could be called something else in another offensive scheme. Here is a breakdown of the playcall and terms:
Spider refers to the protection or blocking scheme depending on if it is a run or pass. In this case, spider means a slide in the pass protection.
2 refers to the ...
There could be multiple top goal scorers, but there can only be one Golden Boot winner. Multiple players could score the most amount of goals, but only one will be awarded the Golden Boot. If there is a tie, the player who has the most number of assists will be awarded the Golden Boot. If there is still a tie, then the player who has played the least amount ...
Here's an attempt to layout the history of the position, and the time periods in which it changed. All of this information can be found here, although it's buried with all of the history of every other position as well. This question requires a good understanding of nomenclature, and I would encourage you to read the entire article in the link, especially ...
Golden set: Set which is won without dropping a single point.
Only one man in the history of top-tier professional tour tennis has
ever achieved this: Bill Scanlon against Marcos Hocevar in the
first round of the WCT Gold Coast Classic at Delray Beach on February
22, 1983. Scanlon won the match 6–2, 6–0. The achievement is
recorded in the ...
A 'doosra' is a delivery that an off-spinner bowls with an off spin action that spins from right to left. (This is different to a normal off spin delivery that spins left to right.)
A 'googly' is a delivery that a leg spinner bowls with a leg spin action that spins from left to right. A 'googly' is also referred to as a 'wrong'un'. (This is different to a ...
Like it or not, American sports has a history of calling the winner of each of its major professional sports each year "World Champions." This tradition goes back to the 1884 World Series. Besides the NBA and Major League Baseball, the NFL also calls their Super Bowl winning team "World Champions." It is a little bit of a joke, but also signifies that we ...
As you said in question these terms are used interchangeably. From Wikipedia:
In association football, a manager is an occupation of head coach in the United Kingdom responsible for running a football club or a national team. Outside the British Isles and across most of Europe, a title of head coach or coach is predominant.
The title of ...
The Russian Olympic Committee was suspended from the 2018 Pyeongchang Winter Olympic Games as a result of state-sponsored doping and testing fraud in the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympic Games. They are disallowed from any national presence at the Games. 42 Russian athletes were banned and had medals stripped as a result.
Athletes from Russia were permitted to ...
A protected pick is one which will be traded only if it is below a certain point in the draft order. For example, in the Cousins trade, the first round pick that the Pelicans are sending to the Kings is "top three protected" - i.e. if the Pelicans end up with any of the first, second or third pick in the draft, then they keep their 2017 pick and the process ...
According to Wiktionary and BBC News, the game and the word might originally be from Belgium (and “There is no way to relate the term to any existing English word”):
Perhaps from a Flemish dialect of Dutch met 'with' de 'the' krik ketsen 'to ricochet', i.e. "to chase a ball with a crook".
The Online Etymology Dictionary explains it this way:
It means the team without the ball, moves higher up the pitch to put pressure on the team with the ball, with the idea of getting the ball back or forcing the other team to make a mistake.
Say, teamA has the ball near their own goal. Then teamB will start putting pressure on teamA, by moving higher in the direction of teamA's goal. Players of teamB will ...
No, a hat trick is a wicket with each of three consecutive balls by the bowler1. They can be split across overs, or even across innings in a two innings match, but it has to be three consecutive balls.
For avoidance of doubt, there is no definition within the Laws of Cricket (or even any playing conditions in common use that I'm aware of) for exactly what a ...
The 1994 Imola Grand Prix is remembered mostly for the deaths of two drivers: rookie Roland Ratzenberger during Saturday qualifying, and three-time world champion Ayrton Senna during the race.
Senna crashed on the sixth lap, causing the red flag to be shown, so that all drivers returned to the pits. Senna received medical treatment on-site, and was then ...
According the Italy 1990 FIFA World Cup technical report,
An assist point can be awarded to a player when he/she:
Makes the last pass to the eventual goalscorer
Makes a penultimate pass that decisively influenced the play leading up to the goal
Attempts a shot on net which rebounds, allowing the goalscorer to successfully score
Is fouled (in ...
I'm not sure where you get the idea that American football has meaningful links to association football (American soccer). It shares a name, sure, but otherwise it is much closer to Rugby (Union/League) Football - both in its rules and in its historical roots.
However, I suspect the issue at hand is primarily that it's hard to define what would be called a ...
4x100m relay are composed by 4 runners that run approximately 100m each. To avoid that a faster athlete run a longer section are imposed limits for the passage of the baton.
In the image below you can see those takeover zones (red boxes) on a lap
Yesterday (August 18th 2016) Gatlin has touched his mate out of those takeover zone
From IAAF rule book rule ...
Nice and easy:
P: Games played
W: Games won
D: Games drawn
L: Games lost
GS: Goals scored
GA: Goals against
+/-: goal difference (ie goals scored minus goals against); often abbreviated to "GD".
There are two types of left arm spin bowlers, Chinaman and Orthodox.
Chinaman Bowler or Unorthodox Left arm Spinner- A Chinaman bowler is a left arm unorthodox spin bowler who spins the ball using Wrist spin so that the ball goes from off side to leg side for a right handed batsman. They often use leg break or leg spin for mixing variety.
Example: Michael ...