Questions regarding venues that host or are associated with sporting events. Questions must also be tagged with the specific sport, if this is applicable.
Sport often requires particular conditions in which to play, and many dedicated venues exist.
Some examples of sporting venues include
stadiums, large arrays of seating placed around a playing or competition area, and often with significant additional services or offices included.
velodromes, cycling venues built with steeply sloped tracks, typically with competitor space in the centre and spectator space around the outside
courts, for many sports requiring a hard surface with standard markings
fields, for many sports requiring or best suited to a grass or dirt surface, either marked or unmarked
artificial turfs, for many sports requiring a soft but highly consistent surface, either marked or unmarked. Often usage overlaps with that of courts and fields
raceways, for many sports requiring a road surface typically used in motor sports, or for many sports requiring unpaved fenced track typically used in horse or dog racing
halls, enclosed spaces with a court or courts or other playing area, providing shelter from weather conditions
rinks, for many sports requiring a hard or ice surface fenced in
Other venues not used for sport itself, but associated with sports, are
clubrooms, a building or structure in which an association or club can manage its affairs, generally and for playing the sport
Venues often include infrastructure beyond the playing surface. Changing rooms for competitors and officials, and spectator seating are common. Standard ablutions and utilities are also usually available. Larger venues may have additional sections like cafes and food/beverage retailers, shops for sport equipment and memorabilia, or a combination of different playing surfaces and non-playing venue types.
Those that support major commercial sports or competitions often support television broadcast and media presentation. Those with design and usage that allow it, have roof and wall sections that allow choice between open air and enclosed playing conditions.
They may have special lighting to provide for consistent conditions or playing at night and through fog. Many playing surfaces or areas need particular maintenance involving specific equipment; this is often embedded in the venue itself.
Venues may vary in size from a single court to several, and may have no space for spectators or enough room for over one hundred thousand people at the same time.
Some venues are easily recognisable for their part in sporting history, their architectural noteworthiness, their status as landmarks, or for other historic and sociopolitical reasons.
Many venues are ad hoc, like arbitrary rural or urban areas used in paintball or orienteering sports, or off land entirely such as lakes or air spaces used in rowing or aircraft races. Others extend the concept of playing surfaces beyond a small geographic region, using the roads of entire countries or oceans of the world, for example in cycling and sailing tours.