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According to Wikipedia, an association football pitch:

"…is rectangular in shape. The longer sides are called touchlines. The other opposing sides are called the goal lines. The two goal lines must be between 45 and 90 m (50 and 100 yd) and be the same length. The two touch lines must also be of the same length, and be between 90 and 120 m (100 and 130 yd) in length."

This seems to imply that it would be theoretically possible for a football club to build a stadium around a (valid) square pitch with dimensions 90m x 90m.

My question is are there any examples of prominent* football teams/matches using a pitch that is close* to square in shape?


*The words 'prominent' and 'close' are deliberately open to interpretation because I have no idea how common variation in pitch size/shape is, or what the degree of standardisation is at various competitive levels within the game.

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    The full Laws of the Game include "The length of the touch line must be greater than the length of the goal line" (page 7). This means a pitch can't be square... but it can be 90.01m x 90.00m so your question basically still applies. – Philip Kendall Nov 16 '15 at 14:47
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    Also note that the Laws do not specify the field of play must be (exactly) horizontal. In lower competitions, you can find pitches which are visibly uphill. (But that is one of the reasons teams swap sides.) – Mormegil Nov 18 '15 at 19:56
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No, it is highly unlikely that any prominent football teams use a pitch that is close to square in shape.

On page 7 of the 2015/16 FIFA Laws of the Game it states:

The length of the touch line must be greater than the length of the goal line.

This means that it is theoretically possible for a football field to be close to square (eg. 89m x 91m).

However, most clubs will try to construct a field as close as possible to international sizing to provide a consistent experience for players and spectators:

International matches

Length:

  • minimum 100 m (110 yds)
  • maximum 110 m (120 yds)

Width:

  • minimum 64 m (70 yds)
  • maximum 75 m (80 yds)

Many football associations will not allow clubs to participate in competitions with a field with dimensions that greatly differ from international sizes.

The FA, for example, for football clubs in England, suggests the following dimensions (which correspond to the minimum international size) in The FA Guide to Pitch and Goalpost Dimensions (pdf link) on page 3 (quoted from a table):

The FA Recommended Pitch Sizes

Over 18 (senior ages) (Age grouping)

11 v 11 (Type)

110 x 70 (Recommended size without runoff (safety area around pitch)) (Length x width (yards))

Many higher-level leagues have a number of criteria for entry aside from first-team performance, and one such criterion is ground facilities. This criterion includes not only dressing rooms, lighting and spectator seating, but also the quality of the field. A field with dimensions completely inconsistent with others in the league is likely to be seen as inadequate.

The reason that such a large range of sizes are still allowed, is that football is played in a variety of locations - some in which the land is not readily available to construct an international-sized pitch.

It may be possible to find a nearly-square pitch in recreational leagues in developing nations, but once a club has reached a semi-professional league (ie. a league in which some players receive some remuneration, but not enough to derive a steady income) it will have a pitch with dimensions that are very close to, if not consistent with an international-sized pitch.

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