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Generally there are various types of technical fouls in NBA at what sort of situation which technical foul will be called?

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There are actually 15 categories of fouls in the NBA (depending on how you count). Given the number of possibilities, most fans/announcers tend to treat fouls that are not "routine" as technical fouls, though some of the "special" fouls are actually personal fouls (they might still result in undefended free throws).

Technical Fouls

  • Delay of game - any action that would keep an opposing team from starting their possession
    • This one is often bizarre as a player might inadvertently touch the ball after they score, but not stop and pass it to the referee. A player may completely ignore the ball and run back on defense, but if they touch it, they have to pass it to the referee
  • Excessive timeouts - calling a timeout when the team has no more remaining
  • Substitution - Not checking in with the officials before entering the court
    • Loosely enforced
  • Hanging on the basket - Player cannot hang on the basket, net, etc except to avoid injury
    • Barely enforced
  • Coaches box violations - Coach must stay within the markings and not run down the court
    • Loosely enforced
  • Defensive 3-seconds - A defensive player in the lane must have been within arms reach of an offensive player in the last three seconds
  • 5 players violation - You must have 5 players if the ball is alive
    • There are actually exceptions to the fouling out rule so that a team always has at least 5 eligible players. Cavs v Lakers this year ran into these exceptions.
  • Conduct - unsportsmanlike conduct
    • The list here is a mile long, and almost completely at the referee's discretion. An interesting case is that personal fouls committed while play is stopped can be assessed as techs
  • Fighting
    • Punching someone may or may not be a technical foul, see the personal foul below. Also there are no free throws at all if fighting is the foul assessed by the referee. Everyone involved gets ejected

Personal Fouls

  • Defensive - illegal contact by a defender
    • This includes the "new" clear-path-to-the-basket and away-from-the-ball fouls
  • Offensive - illegal contact by an offensive player
  • Loose ball - illegal contact when neither team has the ball
  • Flagrant 1 - Unnecessary contact
    • This one will not cause an ejection
  • Flagrant 2 - Unnecessary and excessive contact
    • This one will cause an ejection
  • Punching - throwing a punch
    • This one will cause an ejection
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This is what wikipedia has on technical fouls in basketball

In basketball, a technical foul is any infraction of the rules penalized as a foul which does not involve physical contact during the course of play between opposing players on the court, or is a foul by a non-player. The most common technical foul is for unsportsmanlike conduct. Technical fouls can be assessed against players, bench personnel, the entire team (often called a bench technical), or even the crowd. These fouls, and their penalties, are more serious than a personal foul, but not necessarily as serious as a flagrant foul.

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    This is sadly, incomplete, a discussion of NBA technical fouls needs to cover normal techs, flagrant 1s and flagrant 2s. – wax eagle Apr 9 '14 at 2:02
  • I thought a flagrant foul was a personal foul? – user3543 Apr 9 '14 at 9:33

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